DIE 3310 Quiz 1

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bkheath
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132198
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DIE 3310 Quiz 1
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2012-02-01 17:09:01
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DIE 3310 Quiz
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DIE 3310 Quiz 1
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  1. A community includes: (4)
    • people
    • location in space
    • social interaction
    • shared value
  2. 3 components of community nutrition
    • people
    • policy
    • programs
  3. Types of prevention efforts & what groups they include (3)
    • Primary prevention: well population
    • Secondary prevention/Early Detection: at risk population
    • Tertiary prevention/Disease Management: unhealthy population
  4. Examples of prevention efforts in primary, secondary, & tertiary prevention methods
    • Primary: promote healthy behaviors and env across the lifespan
    • Secondary: health screening & exams, control risk factors
    • Tertiary: trtmt of disease
  5. Diff b/w community dietitian and public health nutritionist?
    • Community dietitian: BS in Dietetics, RD/LD, public or private work setting
    • Public health nutritionist: BS in Dietetics, food & nut, or comm nut, graduate degree, works in program funded by gov
  6. Entrepreneur vs Intrapreneur
    Intrapreneur works w/in an org & comes up w/new ideas. "change agents"
  7. Aging pop, generational diversity, increasing ethnic diversity, challenges of 21st century lifestyle are all considered ____
    leading indicators of change
  8. Process of evaluating the health & nut status of the community to detemine it's needs & identify where those needs are not being met
    Community needs assessment
  9. Purpose of community needs assessment?
    Find answers to basic questions abt the health & nut status of the community or a specific target pop. Asks 5 W's and How
  10. Quality of life, physical functioningm and psychosocial functioning are all considered ____
    health status indicators
  11. What are the 7 steps in conducting community needs assessment?
    • 1. Define prob
    • 2. Set parameters of the assessment
    • 3. Collect data: abt comm, background conditions, individuals who represent target pop
    • 4. Analyze & interpret data
    • 5. Share findings
    • 6. Set priorities
    • 7. Choose plan of action
  12. How to develop a problem statement? ie what's included? (step 1)
    • Who is affected
    • How prob affects health or nut status
    • GAPS in data or knowledge of the prob
  13. When setting parameters of the assessment in step 2, the community must be defined, how is this done?
    • Ask what is the scope of your assessment?
    • Often geographical region
  14. In step 2, set the parameters, what 5 things need to be determined?
    • Define community
    • Determine purpose
    • Define target pop
    • Set goals & objectives
    • Specificy types of data needed
  15. Diff b/w goals & objectives
    • Goals: broad stmts of what the assessment should accomplish
    • Objectives: specific activies and outcomes needed to reach the goals
  16. Diff b/w quantitative and qualitative
    • Quantitative: numbers
    • Qualitative: descriptive
  17. Measurable steps one can take are considered goals or objectives?
    Objectives
  18. In step 4, analyze & interpret data, a ____ needs to be made. Also interpret patterns & identify links b/w ___ and the ___. Also prepare a summary of key pts of assessment.
    • "diagnosis"
    • nut problems & comm env
  19. How do u set priorities for action? (as in when several nut probs are identified)
    Look at most common & most serious probs. Give priority to those probs that are increasing in frequency
  20. The effect of an intervention on the health & well-being of an individual or pop
    health outcome
  21. Factors that trigger program planning (6)
    • 1. Results of comm needs assessment
    • 2. Gov mandate
    • 3. Research findings
    • 4. Comm leader or coalition
    • 5. Avail of funding
    • 6. Gov policy
  22. 7 steps of program planning
    • 1. Review comm needs assessment
    • 2. Define program goals & objectives
    • 3. Develop program plan
    • 4. Develop a managment system
    • 5. Identify funding sources
    • 6. Implement the program
    • 7. Evaluate the program
  23. 2 most important steps of program planning
    • 1. Review comm needs assessment
    • 2. Define program goals & objectives
  24. What is meant by Step 1 of program planning "review comm needs assessment?"
    • Identify where health & nut needs are not being met & look for gaps in services
    • Try to identify why exisiting services are not adequately addressing nut probs
  25. Compenents of SMART objectives acronym: (which is part of step 1, reviewing comm needs assessment)
    • Specific
    • Measureable
    • Achievable
    • Realistic
    • Time-phase
  26. Objectives have 4 components:
    • The action or activity
    • The target pop
    • How success will be measured or evaluated
    • The time frame for meeting the objective
  27. In step 2, defining program goals & objectives, the 3 types of objectives are:
    Outcome, process, & structure objectives
  28. Measurable chgs in health or nut status, or in knowledge
    Outcome objectives
  29. Measurable activities carried out by comm nut or team mem
    Process objectives
  30. Measurable activities related to budget, staffing, management systems
    Structure objectives
  31. A program plan consists of (3) (step 3 develop a program plan)
    • Description of proposed intervention
    • Nut eductation component
    • Marketing plan
  32. In step 4, dev a management system, "management" =
    Personnel + Data Systems
  33. In step 4, dev a management system, ___ should be considered
    costs of management
  34. In step 5, identify funding sources, the 4 substeps are:
    1. Review ___
    2. Identify program elements that require ____
    3. Review ___
    4. Prepare & submit ____
    • budget
    • financial support
    • possible funding sources
    • grant applications
  35. Why evaluate the program (step 7)?
    To gather info for making decisions, such as: (3)
    • Allocating or redistributing resources
    • Changing program delivery
    • Deciding whether to continue the program
  36. How are findings of the evaluation used?
    To ___ the program
    To ___ the program
    To ___ the program
    • improve
    • justify
    • document
  37. 4 types of evaluation
    • Formative
    • Process
    • Impact
    • Outcome
  38. Testing certain elements of a program b/4 it is fully implemented
    Formative evaluation
  39. Monitoring how a program operates
    Process evaluation
  40. Determining whether the program accomplished its stated goals and objectives
    Impact evaluation
  41. Determining whether the program had the desired effect on the health or nut status of the target pop. Focuses on health status indicators.
    Outcome evaluation

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