ESWS DC

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Author:
corbin19
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132231
Filename:
ESWS DC
Updated:
2012-02-01 20:23:53
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Damage Control esws DC 39
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ESWS DC
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  1. Describe compartment lettering and numbering.
    • deck number
    • frame number
    • number indicating the relationship of the compartment to the ship's centerline,letter showing the primary use of the space.
  2. what is a fire zone?
    physical boundary designed to retard the passage of flame and smoke
  3. what frames does fire zone one cover?
    0-38
  4. what frames does fire zone 2 cover?
    38-62
  5. what frames does fire zone 3 cover?
    62-98
  6. what frames does fire zone 4 cover?
    98-134
  7. how many fire zone are onboard?
    4
  8. Descirbe the purpose of material conditions of readiness.
    degree of access and system closure in effect at any given time
  9. Material conditon X Ray
    provides the least amount of protection and the greatest ease of access through the ship, set when threat to ship is minimal
  10. Material condition yoke
    Greater degree of water tight integrity then X. set and maintained at sea during peacetime and in port during war time.
  11. material condition zebra
    greatest degreee of watertight protection. set during GQ and when entering or leaving port during wartime
  12. material condition circle X, Y
    can be opened without special authority as long as you secure it behind you or post a watch
  13. Material condition circle Z
    A red Z in a red Circle. Opened during prolonged periods of GQ to allow for cooling of vital spaces and for battle messing
  14. Material Condtion Dog Z
    secured during GQ and Darken Ship regardless of the material conditon in effect
  15. material condition Circle W
    For Ventilation fitting which are secured in the event of CBR attack
  16. material condition Modified Z
    Specified hatches are set while underway to facilitate setting Z during General Quarters
  17. What are DC closure log and what are the sections.
    • keeps and accurate and up to date record of the status of the material condition which is in effect, didided into three sections
    • yoke/darken ship
    • Closure log
    • OOC log
  18. Descirbe CCOL
    provides an itemized list of all classified fittings and closures used in damage control to set specified material conditions of readiness
  19. how many DC lockers are on board what what does each one cover
    • 3 DC lockers
    • RPL 1 covers forward area
    • RPL 2 covers midship
    • RPL 3 covers aft and min engineering spaces
  20. What is halon used for and how many systems are onboard.
    • extinguish large class bravo fires by inhibiting chemical chain reaction.
    • 3 systems onboard (EDG, Fire room, and Engine room)
  21. what is the soak time for halon, how many minutes should the space be ventilated for?
    • 15 min
    • 15 min
  22. what 2 gases does halon decompose into at tems greater then 900 degrees F?
    • hydrogen fluoride
    • hyrogen bromide
  23. what is the time delay for halon in the different spaces?
    • EDG-30 sec
    • fire room- 60 sec
    • engine room- 60 sec
  24. Why is there a time delay on halon?
    personnel evacuation ad ventilation shutdown
  25. what is CO2 fixed flooding used for?
    extinguish large class bravo fires typically found in liquid store rooms and paint mixing areas
  26. how many CO2 fixed flooding systems are onboard?
    7
  27. what is the time delay for CO2 fixed flooding?
    30 sec
  28. how many minutes must a space be ventilated after use of CO2 fixed flooding?
    15 min
  29. how does CO2 fight a fire?
    • smothers fire by removing oxygen from the comaprtment making it a extreme personnel hazard.
    • 2 times heavier than air
    • discharges at neg 110 degrees
  30. how many communication circuts are onboard. List them and functions
    • 8 circuts
    • 1MC -general announcing system
    • 2JZ- DC and stability circut
    • 4JZ- RPL 1
    • 6JZ- RPL 2
    • 7JZ- RPL 3
    • X40J- Emergency sound powered phone line
    • 2JV- Engineering Circut
    • JA- CO's Circut
  31. Define Flash Point
    the lowest temperature at which a liquid gives off enough vapor to forma a flammable mixture
  32. Define Fire Point
    The temperature at wich significant vapor is given off to continue burning after ignition
  33. Define ignition Temperature.
    The lowest temperature at which sustained combustion will occur without the application of spark or flame
  34. Define Auto ignition temperature
    minimum temperature required to ignite gas or vapor without spark or flame
  35. define conduction
    transfer of heat through direct physical contact
  36. define convection
    transfer of heat through the circulation of a medium
  37. define radiation
    transfer of heat from acrosss a space without direct contact
  38. A fire that leaves ash such as paper, wood, or lagging.
    Class alpha
  39. this type of fire primarily gives off wite smoke. overhaul is completed by breaking up material.
    class alpha
  40. what is the main extinguishing agent for a class alpha fire?
    water.
  41. This is an oil based fire such as diesel. gives off heavy black smoke.
    Class B
  42. what is the primary extinguishing agent for Class B fires
    AFFF
  43. Electrical fires are what class of fire?
    Class C
  44. This class of fire gives off bluish white smoke due to arcing and sparking components
    Class C
  45. what is the primary extinguishing agent for Class C fires?
    CO2
  46. how are class C fires overhauled
    in accordance with NSTM 300 deranged equipment checklist
  47. this class of fire consists of combustible metals and magnesium or titanium or special fires such as pyrotechnics or OTTO fuel.
    Class D
  48. What is the preferred way to extingush a Class D fire?
    • `Jettison
    • Cool with water or smother if below decks
  49. how many people are required to operate a 1 1/2" fire hose including nozzleman
    3
  50. how many people are required to operate a 2 1/2" fire hoze
    5
  51. how many people are required to operate a boundry hose?
    1
  52. in this fire fighting technique agent is applied directly to the base of the fire.
    direct firefighting
  53. in this fire fighting technique agent is applied at structures in the space and not applied directly to the fire.
    indirect firefighting
  54. this is the evacuation of smoke from between the primary and secondary boundaries while fire is still burning.
    active desmoking
  55. descibe the firemain onboard AS-39
    2 mains on second deck, port and stbd. connected to each other by cross conections. Called a horizontal loop
  56. how many fire pumps are onboard and where are they located?
    • 7
    • FP 1&2- pump room 1
    • FP 3- pump room 2
    • FP4&5- engine room
    • FP6&7- fire room
  57. where are the remote starts for the fire pumps located?
    • FP1&2- near the hydraulic station
    • FP3- STBD side near the post office
    • FP 4&5- acces to the engine room near halon vent damper control
    • FP 6&7-just outside access to fire room
  58. how many fire main risers are there?
    4
  59. which fire pumps provied to the port side of the ship?
    1,2,4,5
  60. what fire pumps provide to the STBD side?
    3,6,7
  61. how many x ray valves are there for the fire main and what are they used for?
    • 5
    • segregate the system at all times except during damage or repair to maintian horizontal loop integrity
  62. what is the main drainage.
    a single continuous system that extends through the ship from pump room 2 to the fire room, served by 6 eductors.
  63. How many and what type of eductors are located in pump room 2 for the main drainage?
    • 2 900GPM eductors
    • 1 300 GPM eductor
  64. How many and what type of eductors are in the engine room for the main drainage?
    2 900 GPM eductors
  65. how many and what type of eductors are located in the fire room for the main drainage?
    1 300 GPM eductor
  66. How many secondary drainage systems are onboard?
    • 2 forward
    • 3 aft
  67. where are the secondary drainage systems located?
    • pump room 1
    • EDG
    • Steering gear room
    • MK 47 shop
    • pump room 6
  68. what is the proper sequence to use an eductor?
    • Discharge
    • firemain
    • vacuum
    • suction
  69. Define a shore
    a portable beam used to reinforce or add strength to damged material
  70. this is a flat plate of wood or steel used to support and distribute pressure.
    shole
  71. this is a beam used to distribute pressure on the object being shored and is used at both ends of a shoring structure.
    strongback
  72. a triangular shaped block, used to tighten shoring structures by applying pressure.
    wedge
  73. how is a wedge mesured?
    maximum length is 6 time the minimum butt thickness
  74. this is a device used for quick and accurate measuring of shoring.
    batten
  75. how are wood shores meausred?
    cannot exceed 30 times minimum butt thickness
  76. what are the two sizes of metal shores and how many lbs will each hold?
    • 3-5ft-20,000 to 12,000
    • 6-11ft-20,000 to 6,000
  77. define the three types of shoring.
    • I Type- direct compression type shoring
    • H Type- The weakest type because it typically has no deck anchorage and is sued to shore around equipment
    • K type- most common method referred to as triangulation
  78. What type of shoring is the strongest and simplest form
    I type
  79. this type of patch is used as a temproary patch consists of rubber sheet, wedges, marlin and oakum.
    soft patch
  80. how many PSI will a soft patch hold?
    150 psi
  81. This patch consists of metal rolled into a cylinder with flanges to hold securing bolts, source of rupture need not be secured to apply.
    Jobilee patch
  82. a jubilee patch will hold up to how many psi?
    100 psi
  83. a band it patch hold up to what psi?
    150 psi
  84. what does EWARP stand for?
    emergency water activated repair patch
  85. this type of patch cannot be used on flammable liquid or potable water systems
    EWARP
  86. EWARP will hold up to what psi at what temp?
    150 psi at 300 degrees
  87. what material can be used to plug a hole?
    any
  88. in order to deater petroleum based products with an electrical submersible pump who has to grant permission?
    CO
  89. ESP can pump water at what rate against what static head?
    • 150GPM
    • 70 ft
  90. what is an ESP powered by?
    440v
  91. describe a P100 and name it's primary use.
    disel driven pump that discharges 100 GPM at 83 PSI, Primary use is firefighting.
  92. what size of CO2 Bottles doe we have onboard?
    15lbs
  93. how long will a 15lb bottle of CO2 last, what is the efective range.
    • 45 sec
    • 4-6ft
    • must be grounded
  94. what size PKP bottles do we have onbaord?
    18 and 27 lbs.
  95. this portable fire extinguisher is charged with a small CO2 cylinder.
    PKP
  96. what is the range of an 18 lb PKP bottle and how long will it last?
    • 19ft
    • 10 sec
  97. what is the range of a 27 lb PKP bottle and how long will it last?
    • 21 ft
    • 11 sec
  98. what is the maximum range on a 2 1/2 gal AFFF container, how long will it last?
    • 15ft (decreses with air pressure)
    • 55-65 sec
  99. what is a PECU and what is it used for?
    cutting emergency access or personnel rescue.
  100. What are PHARS used for? what is it powered by?
    • Jaws of life, used for emergency access or personnel rescue
    • powered by disel engine driven by hydraulic pump
  101. this allows user to see through dense smoke by sensing differences in ntemperature of a given object.
    NFTI
  102. Can installed ventilation be used to desmoke?
    yes, but must be varrifed intact bay electricain and chief engineer permission required.
  103. This fan is powered by firemain, removes 2000 CFM through 10 inch 25 ft lenght trunks
    RAMFAN 2000
  104. This is an electrically powered (115v) fan, that moves air at 3200 CFM but does not have trunks to direct flow
    box fan
  105. These are installed in galleys directly above deep fat fryers, smothers fires
    APC
  106. What are the four ways to activate the APC system?
    • Fusible link- releases at 360 degree (auto)
    • APC bottle- pull pin and shift lever
    • Pressure release control box
    • remote manual control box
  107. how many AFFF stations are onboard? where are they located?
    • 2
    • Flight deck
    • Machine Shop
  108. AFFF station 2 has what size take associated? What does it service?
    • 325 gal
    • Engine room and fire room
  109. how many hoses are associated with AFFF station 2 and where are they located?
    • 6
    • 2-engine room
    • 2-fire room
    • 1-outside each space
  110. besides hose reels, how is AFFF used in ER and FR?
    bilge sprinkling
  111. What is AFFF made out of how does it disrupt fires?
    • 94% water
    • 6% foam
    • excludes oxygen
  112. what is a safety precaution of AFFF
    H2S formation
  113. temporary upsets or permanent damage to electronic equipment that is a result of exposure to initial radiation.
    Transient Radiation Effects on Electronics
  114. An intense electromagnetic field that builds up to maximum strength within fractions of a second after a nuclear explosion. can damage unprotected electrical and electronic equipment by inducing strong electric currents into the circuitry.
    Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP)
  115. An acoustic reverberation (echoes) from an underwater explosion. Masks sounds sonar should detect.
    Blue out
  116. the distortion, absorption, or deflection of acommunication or radar signal by an ion field formed as a result of a nuclear explosion.
    Black out
  117. Extrememly high temp and pressure generated by a nuclear burst immediately converts all material in the fireball into hot compressd gases. Gases expand rapidly creating a shockwave in the surrounding medium
    air blast
  118. an outward roloing surge or radioactive water droplets, caused when water is thrown into the air by a nuclear explosion and falls back to the surface.
    Base surge
  119. Radiological fallout consist of radiological particles that form when fission fragments condense with dust, and debris that were vaporized by fireball.
    fallout
  120. A unit of absorbed does or radiation
    RAD (Radiation absorbed does)
  121. nuclear blast above 100,000 ft. Causes EMP and Blackout
    High altitude burst
  122. Nuclear blast less than 100,000 ft but fireball does not touch the surface, causes initail and thermal radiation, limited EMP, TREE and blackout, gan generate underwater shock.
    air burst
  123. A nuclear blast where fireball touches the earth's surface, causes underwater shock, thermal radiation, fallout, and limited initial radiation, EMP, Blackout, TREE
    Surface burst
  124. An underwater burst that vents water to the surface, causes a base surve, underwater shock, blue out and cavitation, limited fallout, and possible rainout.
    Sub Surface burst
  125. this particle has the lowest penetrating ability and a range of 0-2 inches. Internal hazard only
    Alpha particle
  126. this particle is identical with an electron moving at high velocity. Has a range of 10 ft. classified as an internal and external hazard.
    beta particle
  127. electromagnietic radiation of high photon energy. identical to X rays range of thousands of yards and is classifed as a whole body hazard.
    Gamma particle
  128. what MOPP Level is initiated when there is the possession of radiological capabilites
    Suspected MOPP I
  129. what MOPP Level is initiated when the expressed affirmation or assessed political will of an adversary to used radiological weapons
    Possible (MOPP II)
  130. what MOPP Level is initiated when statements of intent to employ radiological weapons directed against US forces or allies.
    Probable (MOPP III)
  131. what MOPP Level is initiated when confirmation of increased activity involving radiological delivery systems, justifying that contamination and/or casualties will occur momentarily.
    Imminent (MOPP IV)
  132. These are hand held electronic monitorying devices containing an internal gamma detector and LCD screen.
    • Multifunction radiac
    • AN/PDQ-1
    • AN.PDQ-2
  133. this is designed to allow an area with CBR contamination or unexploded mutions to be designated by signs aroudn the contaminated area.
    NATO CBR Marking kit
  134. Describe the NATO sign for Radiological
    • white with black marking
    • ATOM (marking)
    • does rate
    • date and time of reading
    • date and time of detonation if known
  135. Describe the NATO sign for Biological
    • Blue with red markings
    • BIO(marking
    • Name of agent
    • Date and time of contamination
  136. Describe the NATO sign for Chemical.
    • Yellow with Red Markings
    • GAS (Marking)
    • Name of agent
    • Date and time of contamination
  137. Describe the NATO sign for Unexploded Muntions
    Red with a white bomb
  138. what is the CMWD used for?
    decontamination
  139. the total amount of ionizing nuclear radiaton that is absorbed by a person an object or a system over a specified time interval
    dose
  140. A radiation does that is received since the start of the situation and continues to accumulate
    dose accumulated
  141. A numerical repressentation of the protection of the ships spaces.
    transmission factor
  142. the total radiological exposure that the CO will allow any individual to accumulate witout command approval
    MPE (Maximum Permissible Exposure)
  143. This agent disrupts the transmission of nerve impulses and produces systemic effects
    nerve agent (anti-cholinesterase)
  144. casualty agent that can produce both damage to body tissue in the area of contact and cause severe pain and systemic effects
    Blister agent (vesicants)
  145. Casualty agents that attack an enzyme that is important in the transfer of oxygen from the bloodstream to the cells of the body.
    Blood agent (cyanogens)
  146. characteristics of an agent which pertains the the duration of it's effectiveness under determined conditions after it's dispersal
    persistency
  147. refers to the ability of the agent to be absorbed by the human skin.
    percutaneous
  148. what are the two types of MOPP suits
    • IPE-ACPG
    • MCU2/P
  149. what is the shelf life of the ACPG?
    • 45 days
    • six wash cycles
    • 24 hrs in contaminated environment
    • 5 years in bag
  150. checmical compound formed from acid and alcohol which cause muscles to contract (neurotransmitter)
    acetylcholine
  151. enzyme which stops the action of acetylcholine, causes the muscle to relax.
    Acetylcholinesterase
  152. drug that blocks the action of acetylcholine, also increases pulse rate and cardiac output.
    Atropine
  153. the reaction to atropine antidote
    atropinization
  154. pinpoint pupils
    miosis
  155. reactivates acetylcholinesterase inhibited by nerve agents
    2 PAM CL
  156. pretreatment tablet taken prior to a nerve agent attack
    Nerve agent pyridostigmine pretreatment (NAPP)
  157. what is the M-256A1
    chemical detection kit
  158. what are the colors for M8 paper?
    • Red for H and L Blister
    • Yellow for G nerve
    • Green for VX nerve
  159. what is M9 paper used for?
    detects liquid chemical agents by color changes.
  160. what is the M291?
    personal decontamination kit
  161. Fixed point detection system used to detect and alarm for chemical nerve and blistera agent vapor hazards.
    improved point detection system (IPDS)
  162. this provides information to enhance the decision making capability of ship commanders in a chemical warfare environment, for the most probable classical agent type.
    Chemical Agent Hazard Awareness Guide (C-HAG)
  163. A microorganism or a toxin derived from it which causes disease in man, plants, or animals of which causes the deterioration of material.
    bological agent.
  164. Microscopic organisms that can cause disease in humnas animals or plants
    pathogens
  165. a poisonous substance produced or derived from living plants, animals or microorganisms. may be produced or alter by chemical means.
    Toxins
  166. Single celled microscoping organisms (antrax, typhoid fever, plague, cholera)
    bacteria
  167. Parasites that are smaller then bacteria. Vectors such as ticks trasmit them.
    Rickettsiae (rocky mountain spotted fever, Q fever, Scrub typhus)
  168. responsible for over 60% of all infections diseases such as influenza, smallpox, ebola, yellow fever.
    Viruses
  169. This group consists of molds and yeasts. Mushrooms are members of this group and some can produce mycotoxins that are poisonous to humans
    Fungi
  170. single celled organisms that have the ability of locomotion. amebic dysentery
    protozoa
  171. this type of toxin is released by bacteria as waste
    exotoxin
  172. this type of toxin is released only when the producing organism deteriorates
    endotoxin
  173. these are poisonous toxins produced by fungi
    mycotoxins
  174. these are produced by certain types of fresh and salt water algae
    algal toxins

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