number indicating the relationship of the compartment to the ship's centerline,letter showing the primary use of the space.
what is a fire zone?
physical boundary designed to retard the passage of flame and smoke
what frames does fire zone one cover?
what frames does fire zone 2 cover?
what frames does fire zone 3 cover?
what frames does fire zone 4 cover?
how many fire zone are onboard?
Descirbe the purpose of material conditions of readiness.
degree of access and system closure in effect at any given time
Material conditon X Ray
provides the least amount of protection and the greatest ease of access through the ship, set when threat to ship is minimal
Material condition yoke
Greater degree of water tight integrity then X. set and maintained at sea during peacetime and in port during war time.
material condition zebra
greatest degreee of watertight protection. set during GQ and when entering or leaving port during wartime
material condition circle X, Y
can be opened without special authority as long as you secure it behind you or post a watch
Material condition circle Z
A red Z in a red Circle. Opened during prolonged periods of GQ to allow for cooling of vital spaces and for battle messing
Material Condtion Dog Z
secured during GQ and Darken Ship regardless of the material conditon in effect
material condition Circle W
For Ventilation fitting which are secured in the event of CBR attack
material condition Modified Z
Specified hatches are set while underway to facilitate setting Z during General Quarters
What are DC closure log and what are the sections.
keeps and accurate and up to date record of the status of the material condition which is in effect, didided into three sections
provides an itemized list of all classified fittings and closures used in damage control to set specified material conditions of readiness
how many DC lockers are on board what what does each one cover
3 DC lockers
RPL 1 covers forward area
RPL 2 covers midship
RPL 3 covers aft and min engineering spaces
What is halon used for and how many systems are onboard.
extinguish large class bravo fires by inhibiting chemical chain reaction.
3 systems onboard (EDG, Fire room, and Engine room)
what is the soak time for halon, how many minutes should the space be ventilated for?
what 2 gases does halon decompose into at tems greater then 900 degrees F?
what is the time delay for halon in the different spaces?
fire room- 60 sec
engine room- 60 sec
Why is there a time delay on halon?
personnel evacuation ad ventilation shutdown
what is CO2 fixed flooding used for?
extinguish large class bravo fires typically found in liquid store rooms and paint mixing areas
how many CO2 fixed flooding systems are onboard?
what is the time delay for CO2 fixed flooding?
how many minutes must a space be ventilated after use of CO2 fixed flooding?
how does CO2 fight a fire?
smothers fire by removing oxygen from the comaprtment making it a extreme personnel hazard.
2 times heavier than air
discharges at neg 110 degrees
how many communication circuts are onboard. List them and functions
1MC -general announcing system
2JZ- DC and stability circut
4JZ- RPL 1
6JZ- RPL 2
7JZ- RPL 3
X40J- Emergency sound powered phone line
2JV- Engineering Circut
JA- CO's Circut
Define Flash Point
the lowest temperature at which a liquid gives off enough vapor to forma a flammable mixture
Define Fire Point
The temperature at wich significant vapor is given off to continue burning after ignition
Define ignition Temperature.
The lowest temperature at which sustained combustion will occur without the application of spark or flame
Define Auto ignition temperature
minimum temperature required to ignite gas or vapor without spark or flame
transfer of heat through direct physical contact
transfer of heat through the circulation of a medium
transfer of heat from acrosss a space without direct contact
A fire that leaves ash such as paper, wood, or lagging.
this type of fire primarily gives off wite smoke. overhaul is completed by breaking up material.
what is the main extinguishing agent for a class alpha fire?
This is an oil based fire such as diesel. gives off heavy black smoke.
what is the primary extinguishing agent for Class B fires
Electrical fires are what class of fire?
This class of fire gives off bluish white smoke due to arcing and sparking components
what is the primary extinguishing agent for Class C fires?
how are class C fires overhauled
in accordance with NSTM 300 deranged equipment checklist
this class of fire consists of combustible metals and magnesium or titanium or special fires such as pyrotechnics or OTTO fuel.
What is the preferred way to extingush a Class D fire?
Cool with water or smother if below decks
how many people are required to operate a 1 1/2" fire hose including nozzleman
how many people are required to operate a 2 1/2" fire hoze
how many people are required to operate a boundry hose?
in this fire fighting technique agent is applied directly to the base of the fire.
in this fire fighting technique agent is applied at structures in the space and not applied directly to the fire.
this is the evacuation of smoke from between the primary and secondary boundaries while fire is still burning.
descibe the firemain onboard AS-39
2 mains on second deck, port and stbd. connected to each other by cross conections. Called a horizontal loop
how many fire pumps are onboard and where are they located?
FP 1&2- pump room 1
FP 3- pump room 2
FP4&5- engine room
FP6&7- fire room
where are the remote starts for the fire pumps located?
FP1&2- near the hydraulic station
FP3- STBD side near the post office
FP 4&5- acces to the engine room near halon vent damper control
FP 6&7-just outside access to fire room
how many fire main risers are there?
which fire pumps provied to the port side of the ship?
what fire pumps provide to the STBD side?
how many x ray valves are there for the fire main and what are they used for?
segregate the system at all times except during damage or repair to maintian horizontal loop integrity
what is the main drainage.
a single continuous system that extends through the ship from pump room 2 to the fire room, served by 6 eductors.
How many and what type of eductors are located in pump room 2 for the main drainage?
2 900GPM eductors
1 300 GPM eductor
How many and what type of eductors are in the engine room for the main drainage?
2 900 GPM eductors
how many and what type of eductors are located in the fire room for the main drainage?
1 300 GPM eductor
How many secondary drainage systems are onboard?
where are the secondary drainage systems located?
pump room 1
Steering gear room
MK 47 shop
pump room 6
what is the proper sequence to use an eductor?
Define a shore
a portable beam used to reinforce or add strength to damged material
this is a flat plate of wood or steel used to support and distribute pressure.
this is a beam used to distribute pressure on the object being shored and is used at both ends of a shoring structure.
a triangular shaped block, used to tighten shoring structures by applying pressure.
how is a wedge mesured?
maximum length is 6 time the minimum butt thickness
this is a device used for quick and accurate measuring of shoring.
how are wood shores meausred?
cannot exceed 30 times minimum butt thickness
what are the two sizes of metal shores and how many lbs will each hold?
3-5ft-20,000 to 12,000
6-11ft-20,000 to 6,000
define the three types of shoring.
I Type- direct compression type shoring
H Type- The weakest type because it typically has no deck anchorage and is sued to shore around equipment
K type- most common method referred to as triangulation
What type of shoring is the strongest and simplest form
this type of patch is used as a temproary patch consists of rubber sheet, wedges, marlin and oakum.
how many PSI will a soft patch hold?
This patch consists of metal rolled into a cylinder with flanges to hold securing bolts, source of rupture need not be secured to apply.
a jubilee patch will hold up to how many psi?
a band it patch hold up to what psi?
what does EWARP stand for?
emergency water activated repair patch
this type of patch cannot be used on flammable liquid or potable water systems
EWARP will hold up to what psi at what temp?
150 psi at 300 degrees
what material can be used to plug a hole?
in order to deater petroleum based products with an electrical submersible pump who has to grant permission?
ESP can pump water at what rate against what static head?
what is an ESP powered by?
describe a P100 and name it's primary use.
disel driven pump that discharges 100 GPM at 83 PSI, Primary use is firefighting.
what size of CO2 Bottles doe we have onboard?
how long will a 15lb bottle of CO2 last, what is the efective range.
must be grounded
what size PKP bottles do we have onbaord?
18 and 27 lbs.
this portable fire extinguisher is charged with a small CO2 cylinder.
what is the range of an 18 lb PKP bottle and how long will it last?
what is the range of a 27 lb PKP bottle and how long will it last?
what is the maximum range on a 2 1/2 gal AFFF container, how long will it last?
15ft (decreses with air pressure)
what is a PECU and what is it used for?
cutting emergency access or personnel rescue.
What are PHARS used for? what is it powered by?
Jaws of life, used for emergency access or personnel rescue
powered by disel engine driven by hydraulic pump
this allows user to see through dense smoke by sensing differences in ntemperature of a given object.
Can installed ventilation be used to desmoke?
yes, but must be varrifed intact bay electricain and chief engineer permission required.
This fan is powered by firemain, removes 2000 CFM through 10 inch 25 ft lenght trunks
This is an electrically powered (115v) fan, that moves air at 3200 CFM but does not have trunks to direct flow
These are installed in galleys directly above deep fat fryers, smothers fires
What are the four ways to activate the APC system?
Fusible link- releases at 360 degree (auto)
APC bottle- pull pin and shift lever
Pressure release control box
remote manual control box
how many AFFF stations are onboard? where are they located?
AFFF station 2 has what size take associated? What does it service?
Engine room and fire room
how many hoses are associated with AFFF station 2 and where are they located?
1-outside each space
besides hose reels, how is AFFF used in ER and FR?
What is AFFF made out of how does it disrupt fires?
what is a safety precaution of AFFF
temporary upsets or permanent damage to electronic equipment that is a result of exposure to initial radiation.
Transient Radiation Effects on Electronics
An intense electromagnetic field that builds up to maximum strength within fractions of a second after a nuclear explosion. can damage unprotected electrical and electronic equipment by inducing strong electric currents into the circuitry.
Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP)
An acoustic reverberation (echoes) from an underwater explosion. Masks sounds sonar should detect.
the distortion, absorption, or deflection of acommunication or radar signal by an ion field formed as a result of a nuclear explosion.
Extrememly high temp and pressure generated by a nuclear burst immediately converts all material in the fireball into hot compressd gases. Gases expand rapidly creating a shockwave in the surrounding medium
an outward roloing surge or radioactive water droplets, caused when water is thrown into the air by a nuclear explosion and falls back to the surface.
Radiological fallout consist of radiological particles that form when fission fragments condense with dust, and debris that were vaporized by fireball.
A unit of absorbed does or radiation
RAD (Radiation absorbed does)
nuclear blast above 100,000 ft. Causes EMP and Blackout
High altitude burst
Nuclear blast less than 100,000 ft but fireball does not touch the surface, causes initail and thermal radiation, limited EMP, TREE and blackout, gan generate underwater shock.
A nuclear blast where fireball touches the earth's surface, causes underwater shock, thermal radiation, fallout, and limited initial radiation, EMP, Blackout, TREE
An underwater burst that vents water to the surface, causes a base surve, underwater shock, blue out and cavitation, limited fallout, and possible rainout.
Sub Surface burst
this particle has the lowest penetrating ability and a range of 0-2 inches. Internal hazard only
this particle is identical with an electron moving at high velocity. Has a range of 10 ft. classified as an internal and external hazard.
electromagnietic radiation of high photon energy. identical to X rays range of thousands of yards and is classifed as a whole body hazard.
what MOPP Level is initiated when there is the possession of radiological capabilites
Suspected MOPP I
what MOPP Level is initiated when the expressed affirmation or assessed political will of an adversary to used radiological weapons
Possible (MOPP II)
what MOPP Level is initiated when statements of intent to employ radiological weapons directed against US forces or allies.
Probable (MOPP III)
what MOPP Level is initiated when confirmation of increased activity involving radiological delivery systems, justifying that contamination and/or casualties will occur momentarily.
Imminent (MOPP IV)
These are hand held electronic monitorying devices containing an internal gamma detector and LCD screen.
this is designed to allow an area with CBR contamination or unexploded mutions to be designated by signs aroudn the contaminated area.
NATO CBR Marking kit
Describe the NATO sign for Radiological
white with black marking
date and time of reading
date and time of detonation if known
Describe the NATO sign for Biological
Blue with red markings
Name of agent
Date and time of contamination
Describe the NATO sign for Chemical.
Yellow with Red Markings
Name of agent
Date and time of contamination
Describe the NATO sign for Unexploded Muntions
Red with a white bomb
what is the CMWD used for?
the total amount of ionizing nuclear radiaton that is absorbed by a person an object or a system over a specified time interval
A radiation does that is received since the start of the situation and continues to accumulate
A numerical repressentation of the protection of the ships spaces.
the total radiological exposure that the CO will allow any individual to accumulate witout command approval
MPE (Maximum Permissible Exposure)
This agent disrupts the transmission of nerve impulses and produces systemic effects
nerve agent (anti-cholinesterase)
casualty agent that can produce both damage to body tissue in the area of contact and cause severe pain and systemic effects
Blister agent (vesicants)
Casualty agents that attack an enzyme that is important in the transfer of oxygen from the bloodstream to the cells of the body.
Blood agent (cyanogens)
characteristics of an agent which pertains the the duration of it's effectiveness under determined conditions after it's dispersal
refers to the ability of the agent to be absorbed by the human skin.
what are the two types of MOPP suits
what is the shelf life of the ACPG?
six wash cycles
24 hrs in contaminated environment
5 years in bag
checmical compound formed from acid and alcohol which cause muscles to contract (neurotransmitter)
enzyme which stops the action of acetylcholine, causes the muscle to relax.
drug that blocks the action of acetylcholine, also increases pulse rate and cardiac output.
the reaction to atropine antidote
reactivates acetylcholinesterase inhibited by nerve agents
2 PAM CL
pretreatment tablet taken prior to a nerve agent attack
Nerve agent pyridostigmine pretreatment (NAPP)
what is the M-256A1
chemical detection kit
what are the colors for M8 paper?
Red for H and L Blister
Yellow for G nerve
Green for VX nerve
what is M9 paper used for?
detects liquid chemical agents by color changes.
what is the M291?
personal decontamination kit
Fixed point detection system used to detect and alarm for chemical nerve and blistera agent vapor hazards.
improved point detection system (IPDS)
this provides information to enhance the decision making capability of ship commanders in a chemical warfare environment, for the most probable classical agent type.
Chemical Agent Hazard Awareness Guide (C-HAG)
A microorganism or a toxin derived from it which causes disease in man, plants, or animals of which causes the deterioration of material.
Microscopic organisms that can cause disease in humnas animals or plants
a poisonous substance produced or derived from living plants, animals or microorganisms. may be produced or alter by chemical means.
Single celled microscoping organisms (antrax, typhoid fever, plague, cholera)
Parasites that are smaller then bacteria. Vectors such as ticks trasmit them.