Bones & Joints

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Author:
KellyCooper
ID:
132244
Filename:
Bones & Joints
Updated:
2012-02-01 18:03:47
Tags:
bones joints
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Description:
Revision NVQ Level 3 Personal Trainer
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  1. Joints
    The 3 types of joints are;

    Immovable (fibrous or sutured)
    Slightly moveable (cartilaginous)
    Freely moveable (synovial)

    Which is;

    Protective
    Structural stability
    Movement
    Immoveable - Protective

    Slightly moveable - Structural stability

    Freely moveable - Movement
  2. What are the 6 types of synovial joint?

    Joints for movement
    • Gliding
    • Hinge
    • Pivot
    • Condyloid
    • Saddle
    • Ball & Socket
  3. The spine
  4. Glenoid cavity
    Socket of the shoulder girdle
  5. Shoulder girdle
    * Acromio-Clavicular joint *
  6. Muscles are split into 3 types. These are Cardiac, smooth, and skeletal.

    Which one/s is involuntary?
    Cardiac - Heart only

    Smooth - Surrounding tubes of the body
  7. Muscle cells are packed with 2 kinds of contractile filaments what are these called?
    Actin & Myosin
  8. What is a bundle of muscle fibres called?
    Fascicle
  9. A fascicle is...
    Bundle of muscle fibres
  10. Endomysium
    around each muscle cell (fibre)

    Tip: Opposite what you think i.e. end = inner
  11. Perimysium
    Around the fascicles (bundle of fibres)
  12. Epimysium
    Around the outside of the muscle
  13. Muscle fibres (cells) are composed of smaller elements known as myofibrils.

    Myofibrils are divided into repeating units called sarcomeres (give muscle their striped appearance)
  14. Adductor Group
    • Adductor magnus
    • Adductor longus
    • Adductor brevis

    • Pectineus
    • Gracilis
  15. Rotator Cuff
    • Supraspinatus
    • Subscapularis
    • Infraspinatus

    Teres minor

    tip: have 'spin' in except teres minor

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