physical science chapter 8 vocab

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Author:
jjbells
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132286
Filename:
physical science chapter 8 vocab
Updated:
2012-02-01 21:40:04
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BJP science chapter
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BJP science 8 chapter 8
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  1. A substance whose particles are dissolved in a solution
    solute
  2. The substance in which the solut dissolves.
    solvent
  3. The process in which an ionic compound separates into ions as it dissolves.
    dissocation
  4. Breaking into small pieces that spread throughout the water.
    dispersion
  5. The process in which neutral molecules gain or lose electrons.
    Ionization
  6. The maximum amount of a solute that dissolves in a given amount of solvent at a constant temperature.
    Solubility
  7. A solution that contains as much solute as the solvent can hold at a given temperature.
    Saturated solution
  8. A solution that has less than the maximum amount of solute that can be dissolved.
    Unsaturated Solution
  9. A solution that contains more solute than it can normally hold at a given temperature.
    supersaturated solution
  10. The amount of solute dissolved in a specific amount of solution.
    Concentration
  11. The number of moles of a solute dissolved per liter of solution
    Molarity
  12. A compound that produces hydronium ions (H30+) when dissolved in water
    acid
  13. Any substance that changes color in the presence of an acid or base.
    Indicator
  14. A compund that produces hydroxide ions when dissolved in water
    base
  15. The reaction between an acid and a base.
    Neutralization
  16. The negative ions in anacid combine with the positive ions in a base to produce an ionic compound.
    Salt
  17. The measurment of a solutions hydronium ion concentration.
    pH
  18. A solution that is resistant to large changes in pH.
    buffer
  19. A substance that ionizes or dissociates into ions when it dissolves in water.
    Electrolyte

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