ego defense

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jtafoya
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132313
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ego defense
Updated:
2012-02-01 22:07:15
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ego defense
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ego defense
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  1. Considered the founder of psychoanalysis
    Freud
  2. Personality components:
    • Id
    • Ego
    • Superego
  3. Basic desires
    Seeks instant gratification and pleasure
    Impulsive, unthinking and disregards societal rules.
    Primitive and instinctive
    Id
  4. Opposite from id
    Reflects one's ethical and moral values
    The "conscience"
    Foundations for the this are in one's cultural beliefs, parental and social expectations - rules of society and standards of behavior.
    Superego
  5. Reality based
    Balances impulses from id and demands from the superego
    Uses a system of validation and testing
    Represents successful functioning in the world based on mature and adaptive behavior
    Ego
  6. Ego Defense Mechanisms
    • Operate to protect the ego
    • Unconscious way to manage conflit
    • Represent coping mechanisms
    • Can be adaptive or maladaptive
  7. Healthy defenses:
    • Altruism
    • Humor
    • Sublimiation
    • Suppression
    • Substitution
  8. Being of charitable nature.
    Altruism
  9. Substituting constructive and socially acceptable behavior for strong impulses that are unacceptable.
    Sublimation
  10. Conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts or feelings
    Suppression
  11. Replacing instant gratification
    Substitution
  12. Intermediate defenses:
    • Repression
    • Displacement
    • Reaction formation
  13. Pushes threatening thoughts back to unconscious level - forgets details of auto accident, PTSD, disassociation
    Repression
  14. "Venting" intense feelings or emotions about someone to an object or person who is less threatening.
    Displacement
  15. Acting the opposite from one's true feelings.
    Reaction formation
  16. Other intermediate defense mechanisms:
    • Undoing
    • Rationalization
    • Conversion
  17. Actions that are meant to "undo" behavior that was unacceptable or negative.

    Cut throat businessman donates large amount to charity.
    undoing
  18. Attempts to justify one's behavior by presenting reasons that sound logical.
    Rationalization
  19. Expression of emotional conflict through developing a physical symptom
    Conversion
  20. Immature defenses:
    • Regression
    • Fixation
  21. Moving back to a developmental stage associated with safety and well being.
    Regression
  22. Immobilization of a portion of one's personality based on unsuccessful completion of developmental tasks - never learning to delay gratification
    fixation
  23. Representing loss of self-ineffective Ego:
    • Dissociation
    • Identification
    • Introjection
    • Intellectualization
  24. Dealing with an event or situation by temporary or long term loss of memory - amnesia is an example
    Dissociation
  25. Unable to decide on their own identity - showing strong traits of another.
    Identification
  26. Taking on another person's traits more fully.
    Introjection
  27. Using thinking to avoid unpleasant emotions - just the facts
    Intellectualization
  28. Mechanisms that are often damaging to self or others:
    • Denial
    • Projection
    • Resistance
  29. Refusal to believe or accept an unpleasant reality.
    Denial
  30. Attributing one's own (unacceptable) feelings or wishes to another person
    Projection
  31. Taking actions to avoid bringing repressed/painful memories to awareness - thus, altering coping and affecting one's actions.
    Resistance

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