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Considered the founder of psychoanalysis
Seeks instant gratification and pleasure
Impulsive, unthinking and disregards societal rules.
Primitive and instinctive
Opposite from id
Reflects one's ethical and moral values
Foundations for the this are in one's cultural beliefs, parental and social expectations - rules of society and standards of behavior.
Balances impulses from id and demands from the superego
Uses a system of validation and testing
Represents successful functioning in the world based on mature and adaptive behavior
Ego Defense Mechanisms
- Operate to protect the ego
- Unconscious way to manage conflit
- Represent coping mechanisms
- Can be adaptive or maladaptive
Being of charitable nature.
Substituting constructive and socially acceptable behavior for strong impulses that are unacceptable.
Conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts or feelings
Replacing instant gratification
- Reaction formation
Pushes threatening thoughts back to unconscious level - forgets details of auto accident, PTSD, disassociation
"Venting" intense feelings or emotions about someone to an object or person who is less threatening.
Acting the opposite from one's true feelings.
Other intermediate defense mechanisms:
Actions that are meant to "undo" behavior that was unacceptable or negative.
Cut throat businessman donates large amount to charity.
Attempts to justify one's behavior by presenting reasons that sound logical.
Expression of emotional conflict through developing a physical symptom
Moving back to a developmental stage associated with safety and well being.
Immobilization of a portion of one's personality based on unsuccessful completion of developmental tasks - never learning to delay gratification
Representing loss of self-ineffective Ego:
Dealing with an event or situation by temporary or long term loss of memory - amnesia is an example
Unable to decide on their own identity - showing strong traits of another.
Taking on another person's traits more fully.
Using thinking to avoid unpleasant emotions - just the facts
Mechanisms that are often damaging to self or others:
Refusal to believe or accept an unpleasant reality.
Attributing one's own (unacceptable) feelings or wishes to another person
Taking actions to avoid bringing repressed/painful memories to awareness - thus, altering coping and affecting one's actions.