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low owered microscope to magnify the mucosa of the vagina
the instrument used in a colposcopy
removal of tissue from the cervix
collection of tissues from the uterus is
examination of the abdominal cavity
instrument used for laparoscopy
abnormality in cells detected before cancer occurs is called
inflammation of the cervix
symtoms of cervicitis
redness, bleeding on contact, pain, itching, burning, or foul smelling discharge.
may be cause by bacteria
inflammation of vaginal tissues
vaginitis symptoms itching burning discomfort during urination and vaginal discharge.
inflammation of the vulva
vulvitis symptoms irritants such as soaps and detergents or allergens. can cause vulvitis as well as dryness and hormonal changes
any disease of the ovary a. Inflammation of ovary b
ovarian pain c.
inflammation of ovary and fallopian tube d.
radical surgery removing the uterus, ovaries, uterine tube, vagina, bladder, urethra and pelvic lymph nodes
cryosurgery or cryotherapy is useful in the treatment of lesions of the
numerous cysts develop with the affected ovary doubling in size
polycystic ovary syndrome
infection of the fallopian tubes
pelvic inflammatory disease
4 stages of uterine cancer
- I confined to uterine corpus
- II cancer invades the cervix
- III cancer spreads beyoh uterus but is confined to pelvis
- IV cancer spread beyond pelvis metastatic large masses such as liver or lungs
forward uterine desplacement
backward placement of the uterus
pain of the vagina