Mental Health Nursing

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Author:
plbernal
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132346
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Mental Health Nursing
Updated:
2012-02-01 23:48:08
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Vocabulary Chapter Two
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Relevant Theories and Therapies for Nursing Practice
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  1. Automatic Thoughts
    Rapid unthinking responses based on unique assumptions about ourselves and the world. These assumptions may be realistic or distorted.
  2. Behavioral Therapy
    A treatment method that is concerned with patterns of behavior rather than inner motivations. Maladaptive responses are replaced with adaptive responses.
  3. Biofeedback
    A form of behavioral therapy that is successfully used today. Especially for controlling the body’s physiological response to stress and anxiety.
  4. Classical Conditioning
    Bringing about involuntary behavior or reflexes through conditioned responses to stimuli
  5. Cognitive-behavioral Therapy (CBT)
    An effective therapeutic modality that seeks to identify negative and irrational patterns of thought and challenge them based on rational evidence and thoughts
  6. Cognitive Distortions
    Inaccurate and irrational automatic thoughts or ideas that lead to false assumptions and misinterpretations
  7. Conditioning
    Pairing a behavior with a condition that reinforces or diminishes the behavior’s occurrence
  8. Conscious
    Denoting experiences that are within a person’s awareness
  9. Countertransference
    The tendency of the nurse to displace onto the patient feelings that are a response to people in the nurse’s past. Strong positive or strong negative reactions to a patient may indicate countertransference
  10. Defense Mechanisms
    Unconscious intrapsychic processes used to ward off anxiety by preventing conscious awareness of threatening feelings. Defense mechanisms can be used in a healthy or a not-so-healthy manner. Examples: repression, projection, sublimation, denial, regression
  11. Ego
    One’s sense of self and provides functions such as problem solving, mobilization of defense mechanisms, reality testing, and the capability of functioning independently. Said to be the mediator between one’s primitive drives and internalized parental and social prohibitions.
  12. Extinction
    In operant conditioning, extinction occurs when reinforcement no longer results in a given behavior or response; in classical conditioning, extinction occurs when the stimulus no longer produces a response.
  13. Id
    The source of all drives, instincts, reflexes, needs, genetic inheritance, and capacity to respond, as well as all the wishes that motivate us.
  14. Interpersonal Psychotherapy
    An effective short term therapy derived from the school of psychiatry that originated with Adoph Meyer and Harry Stack Sullivan
  15. Milieu Therapy
    A general term for any therapeutic setting that focuses on control of the environment to effect positive change
  16. Negative Reinforcement
    • The removal of an objectionable or aversive stimulus
    • Example: walking freely through a park once the vicious dog is picked up by the dogcatcher
  17. Operant Conditioning
    The basis for behavior modification and uses positive reinforcement to increase desired behaviors
  18. Positive Reinforcement
    Receiving an award for good behavior
  19. Preconscious
    Contains material that can be retrieved rather easily through conscious effort
  20. Psychodynamic Therapy
    Therapy that uses free association, dream analysis, transference, and countertransference
  21. Punishment
    A technique of giving an unpleasant consequence for bad bahvior
  22. Superego
    The last part of the personality to develop, represents the moral component of personality. It represents the ideal rather than the real, seeks perfection as opposed to seeking pleasure or engaging reason
  23. Transference
    The patient experiences feeling toward the nurse or therapist that were originally held toward significant others in his or her life
  24. Unconscious
    Repressed memories, passions, and unacceptable urges lying deep below the surface

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