Relevant Theories and Therapies for Nursing Practice
Rapid unthinking responses based on unique assumptions about ourselves and the world. These assumptions may be realistic or distorted.
A treatment method that is concerned with patterns of behavior rather than inner motivations. Maladaptive responses are replaced with adaptive responses.
A form of behavioral therapy that is successfully used today. Especially for controlling the body’s physiological response to stress and anxiety.
Bringing about involuntary behavior or reflexes through conditioned responses to stimuli
Cognitive-behavioral Therapy (CBT)
An effective therapeutic modality that seeks to identify negative and irrational patterns of thought and challenge them based on rational evidence and thoughts
Inaccurate and irrational automatic thoughts or ideas that lead to false assumptions and misinterpretations
Pairing a behavior with a condition that reinforces or diminishes the behavior’s occurrence
Denoting experiences that are within a person’s awareness
The tendency of the nurse to displace onto the patient feelings that are a response to people in the nurse’s past. Strong positive or strong negative reactions to a patient may indicate countertransference
Unconscious intrapsychic processes used to ward off anxiety by preventing conscious awareness of threatening feelings. Defense mechanisms can be used in a healthy or a not-so-healthy manner. Examples: repression, projection, sublimation, denial, regression
One’s sense of self and provides functions such as problem solving, mobilization of defense mechanisms, reality testing, and the capability of functioning independently. Said to be the mediator between one’s primitive drives and internalized parental and social prohibitions.
In operant conditioning, extinction occurs when reinforcement no longer results in a given behavior or response; in classical conditioning, extinction occurs when the stimulus no longer produces a response.
The source of all drives, instincts, reflexes, needs, genetic inheritance, and capacity to respond, as well as all the wishes that motivate us.
An effective short term therapy derived from the school of psychiatry that originated with Adoph Meyer and Harry Stack Sullivan
A general term for any therapeutic setting that focuses on control of the environment to effect positive change
The removal of an objectionable or aversive stimulus
Example: walking freely through a park once the vicious dog is picked up by the dogcatcher
The basis for behavior modification and uses positive reinforcement to increase desired behaviors
Receiving an award for good behavior
Contains material that can be retrieved rather easily through conscious effort
Therapy that uses free association, dream analysis, transference, and countertransference
A technique of giving an unpleasant consequence for bad bahvior
The last part of the personality to develop, represents the moral component of personality. It represents the ideal rather than the real, seeks perfection as opposed to seeking pleasure or engaging reason
The patient experiences feeling toward the nurse or therapist that were originally held toward significant others in his or her life
Repressed memories, passions, and unacceptable urges lying deep below the surface