Operations Oral Board Generator ESWS

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  1. What is the primary mission of CIC?
    To collect, process, display, evaluate and disseminate pertinent tactical information and intelligence in a timely and accurate manner in support of the OOD.
  2. What information is found on the status boards in CIC?
    The status boards display such tactical information like nearest land, water temperature, own ship heading and speed, wind direction and speed, equipment status, and communications status.
  3. Name the CIC watch stations:
    CIC watch officer, watch supervisor, status board operator, radar operator, log keeper, maneuvering board operator, and DRT operator.
  4. What are the responsibilities of the CIC watch supervisor?
    The CIC watch supervisor is in charge of all enlisted personnel in CIC and reports directly to the CIC watch officer.
  5. What is the purpose of the DRAI and where is it located?
    The Dead Reckoning Analyzer Indicator gives a digital indication of the ships course and speed receiving inputs from the gyrocompass and pitsword and outputs to the DRT. It is located in the chart room.
  6. What do the following abbreviations stand for? Name 2
    • TAO- Tactical Action Officer,
    • CICWO- CIC Watch Officer,
    • EWS- Electronic Warfare Supervisor,
    • AWC- Air Warfare Coordinator,
    • SUWC- Surface Warfare Coordinator,
    • USWC- Undersea Warfare Coordinator,
    • AIC- Air Intercept Control, CICWS-
    • CIC Watch Supervisor.
  7. What is an OPLAN?
    A directive issued for accomplishing operations extending over a large geographical area over an extended period of time. It is used by subordinate commanders to base directives to their commands.
  8. What is OPORDER?
    A form of directive issued by a commander to subordinates to coordinate effective execution of a specific operation.
  9. What is OPTASK?
    The next step from OPORDER breaking things down by specific warfare areas.
  10. What is the purpose of a Tactical Data System?
    The TDS defines the current tactical situation by processing all the information collected throughout the system.
    The fleet is organized into subdivisions to cover specific designated areas for warfare purposes and Naval Operations. The first subdivision being TASK FORCE.
    Task Groups are a subdivisions of the task force, up to 99 divisions of a Task Force
  13. What is a TASK UNIT?
    A Task Unit can be up to 99 divisions of a Task Group
    Task Elements are created when the breakdown of Task Force, Groups, and Units are not enough to accomplish the assigned task.
  15. What is a BATTLE FORCE?
    The largest assignment of specific ships to specific areas. The fleet is broken down into numerous battle forces.
  16. What is Amphibious Readiness Group?
    Used to conduct specific Amphibious operations in the assigned areas. Smaller than Battle Groups.
  17. What are the purposes of the status boards in CIC?
    Each status board and plot is used to display all ESSENTIAL information regarding it’s warfare area and designation
  18. What are data links?
    They can be configured to either HF or UHF to exchange tracking information and weapons control orders between NTDS units and is normally operated in encrypted mode.
  19. Why does CIC keep COMMS with the Bridge ?
    Bridge- To correlate navigation information, course and speed changes, and track information.
  20. Why Does CIC keep COMMS with the Signal Bridge ?
    Signal Bridge- To help identify the contacts being tracked on radar
  21. Why does CIC keep COMMS with Radio ?
    Radio- To correlate information regarding other ships steaming near us and to send out information over the radiotelephones.
  22. Why Does CIC keep COMMS with Weapons stations ?
    Weapons Stations- To correlate firing procedures, when to fire, who to fire at, etc.
  23. Why Does CIC keep COMMS with the Lookouts ?
    Lookouts- Also to help identify whatever may be in or on the water around us and to also identify what may be in the air.
  24. In Combat Operations What is "ES" ?
    Electronic Support is used to search and detect other radars at ranges greater than what they can detect you.
  25. In Combat Operations what is "EA" ?
    Electronic Attack is the means to render those other sensors useless to the enemy, such as sending out signals to jam those sensors so they may not detect those around them.
  26. In Combat Operations what is "EP" ?
    Electronic Protect is measures taken so as to keep others from jamming the sensors you carry and use on you vessels.
  27. What is the DRT and what does it do?
    The Dead Reckoning Tracer gives a geographical plot of our ship and all surface contacts. It can be used to determine ships speed, contacts course and speed, and for man overboard evolutions.
  28. What is the difference between the status board in CIC and the status board in the pilot house?
    The status board in the pilot house contains engineering information and the status board in CIC does not have any engineering information.
  29. What is the purpose of EMCON and who controls it?
    Emission control is used to lower the sound of the ship electronically. There are four levels of EMCON and CIC is the controlling station.
  30. What is IFF and what kind of system do we have on board?
    Identification Friend or Foe is a means of positive identification of other vessels in the area. We do not have an interrogator, therefore are system is passive
  31. How many radars do we have on board and what are they?
    We have two radars on board; Furuno types.
  32. What are the factors that affect radar operations?
    Atmospheric conditions, sea return, weather, height of antenna and/or target.
  33. Name 3 types of warfare?
    Air, Surface, Undersea, Command and Control, Amphibious, Mine
  34. Name 3 types of Special OPS?
    Maritime Interdiction Operations, Non-Combatant Evacuation, Search and Rescue
  35. What is the most important thing CIC is concerned with concerning a tracked Contact ?
    CPA – closest point of approach
  36. How many radar repeaters do we have on board and what are they?
    We have 7 radar repeaters on board. We have 4 Furuno repeaters; 2 in the BRIDGE and one on the OPEN BRIDGE.
  37. What is the secondary mission of CIC?
    Control and/or assist in specific operations as delegated by proper authority
  38. Why is CIC important to the ship?
    It is the main collection and coordination point for all evolutions… man overboard, helo communications, communications with other ships, and constantly evaluating the tactical situation
  39. Why does CIC maintain a navigational plot?
    The navigational plot is used to warn the bridge of navigational dangers, supply the radar operator and the conning officer with navigational aid, and help identify landmasses
  40. What is the relationship between CIC and the pilot house?
    CIC reports all tactical information to the bridge.
  41. How many flags does a complete set contain?
  42. How are flags read?
    Flags are read from the top to the bottom, outboard to inboard, and forward to aft
  43. What does the term “closed-up” mean?
    The flag hoist is raised all the way up
  44. What does the term “at the dip” mean?
    The flag hoist is raised 2/3 of the way up.
  45. What does the term “hauled down” mean?
    The flag hoist is lowered all the way down.
  46. What is the height of the eye and what is it used for?
    92’10” and it is used to determine the distance a lookout can see to the horizon. Our view approx. 13 miles
  47. What is the height of the flying bridge and where is it located?
    100’10” and located on the 05 level, forward.
  48. What is the length of the ship?
    643’ 8”
  49. What is the beam of the ship?
  50. What is the draft of the ship?
    28’ 6”
  51. What does the term “mean draft” mean?
    The term “mean draft” is referring to the average draft of the ship.
  52. What is Flashing Light ?
    Used in Morse code communications
  53. What are Yardarm Blinkers ?
    An omni directional white flashing light located high on the mast that are activated by use of a key on the signal bridge
  54. What is Semaphore ?
    Two hand held flags used by signalman for close proximity visual messages
  55. When do you use Flares/Pyrotechnics ?
    Colored smoke used for emergencies
  56. Explain Infrared Flashing Light ?
    Uses an infrared lens on flashing red light at night time, only visible by those using receiving equipment.
  57. What does the color at the base of an antenna indicate?
    Red at the base indicates the antenna is for transmitting and blue indicates that the antenna is for receiving.
  58. What does the antenna frequency stand for? Name 2
    HF-High Freq, VHF-Very High Freq, UHF-Ultra High Freq, SHF- Super High FREQ, EHF- Extremely High Freq
  59. What is a flash message ?
    “Z” is reserved for initial enemy contact reports or operational combat messages of extreme urgency, ASAP less then 10 minutes.
  60. What is an Immediate Message ?
    “O” is reserved for messages relating to situations that gravely affect the national forces and must respond to in 30 minutes.
  61. What is a priority Message ?
    “P” is reserved for messages relating to situations that gravely affect the national interest and must respond to in 3 hours
  62. What is a Routine Message?
    “R” is assigned to al types of traffic that justify electrical transmission but which are not of sufficient urgency to require a higher precedence and must respond to in 6 hours.
  63. What is a Yankee Message ?
    “Y” is limited to designated emergency action command and control messages and must respond to as fast as possible.
  64. What is COMSEC material?
    It is all equipment, books, and codes within radio that require strict accountability
  65. How are classified pubs maintained?
    Classified Pubs must be checked out by the individual, and accounted for at all times, inventories are taken on a periodic basis, and corrections are obtained and applied as they appear.
  66. What are the four classifications of material?
    Classified, Confidential, Secret, and Top Secret.
  67. What is compromise?
    The disclosure of classified information to a person who is not authorized access.If material is compromised a security alert will be sounded and the guilty party will be detained and dealt with accordingly
  68. What is a Pinnacle message ?
    A fast reaction communication message of national level interest.
  69. What is a Navy Blue Message ?
    It notifies the CNO and other appropriate commands with information concerning incidents of military, political or press interests that are of high naval interest
  70. What is a SITREP ?
    A timely notification of an incident not meeting OPREP 3 special incidents reporting criteria. Usually an incident that happens off base and has a chance of getting a lot of press coverage.
  71. What is a Broken Arrow Message ?
    It informs naval commanders of an accidental or unauthorized detonation, or possible detonation of a nuclear weapon.
  72. What is a Bent Spear Message ?
    It notifies the CNO of any unexpected occurrence involving nuclear weapons or nuclear components.
  73. What is a Dull Sword Message ?
    It informs the CNO of a weapon that was a dud.
  74. What are the different types of portable emergency communications onboard?
    AN/PRC 96 - A portable battery operated emergency transceiver used during rescue operations and emergency ground-to-ground communications. It has three modes of operation; Voice, Beacon (allows automatic transmission of a homing tone alternating on two frequencies), and Morse code. EPIRB - There are three on board and set up with a satellite link for rescue operations. The homing beacon not only tells where we are but also who we are.
  75. What are Radiotelephones?
    They are used for fleet wide communications located in CIC, RADIO, and on the Bridge. The nets used are FLEET TAC, MED RED, MEDSATHICOM, and IAD/MAD
  76. Define Minimize
    Minimize- reduce the use of traffic sent over the net
  77. Define Beadwindow
    Beadwindow- You have disclosed essential information that could be obtained by an outside source
  78. Define Gingerbread
    Gingerbread- There is a suspected intruder on the net
  79. Define EEFI
    Essential Elements of Friendly Information- the codes to define what was disclosed when calling a beadwindow(seven EEFI codes)
  80. Define emergency destruction:
    To destroy any classified material to keep it from the enemy, burning shredding, mulching, and jettisoning
  81. What is a MOVREP?
    A movement report is the Navy’s primary location system. It is used to disseminate current ship location to those who have a need to know. It is used 48 hours prior to entering and leaving port, when ship is 50 or more miles off course, or when ship is ahead or behind schedule by more then 4 hours.
  82. What is a LOGREP?
    A logistics report is used to requisition logistical services and support for a ship arriving or leaving a port. I.E. number of tugs needed, services from the pier, line handlers, harbor pilot, camels, food, fuel, cranes, etc. It is submitted 48 hours prior to arrival/departure of a US port. Overseas it is a minimum of two weeks.
  83. What is a CASREP?
    A report of a casualty on any item or equipment that affects the ships mission that cannot be repaired within 48 hours of the casualty. It is reported by naval message.
  84. What is a CASREP update?
    A report required every 30 days if the broken equipment has not been repaired
  85. What is a CASCOR?
    A casualty correction is required when the equipment has been repaired to update test runs on equipment, man-hours involved, parts, etc.
  86. What is a CASCAN?
    A casualty cancellation is used only if the ship is going to the shipyard, decommissioned, or equipment is removed
  87. What is SORTS?
    Status of resources and training system is used to report to the type commander the readiness of personnel and equipment. It indicates if the command is able to carry out its mission.
  88. What information can you get from GPS?
    Global Positioning Satellite is used to get latitude and longitude of the ships current position
  89. How many types of GPS systems are on board and what are they?
    There are three types of GPS systems on board. The two civilian systems are the North Star and the Magellan. The military system is the WRN-6.
  90. What is the Fathometer used for?
    The Fathometer is used to determine the depth of the water from the keel
  91. What two measuring increments does the Fathometer use?
    It measures the water depth in fathoms or feet.
  92. What are the two modes of operation for the Fathometer?
    The two modes of operation are active and passive.
  93. What is Advance ?
    The distance traveled in the direction of the original course from the time the rudder is put over until the time the ship is steady on new course.
  94. What is Transfer ?
    The distance traveled perpendicular to the original course from the time the rudder is put over until the ship is steady on new course.
  95. What is the pivot point of the ship?
    The pivot point is the point of the keel on which the ship turns (frame 50).
  96. Where is the rudder angle indicator located?
    One in CIC, One in the pilothouse, one in aft steering, one in main control and one in the open bridge.
  97. What is the restricted maneuvering doctrine?
    The restricted maneuvering doctrine explains the conditions when the ship maneuverability is limited due to narrow passage, underway replenishment, and navigation detail.
  98. What watches are doubled during low visibility?
    All lookouts are doubled during reduced visibility.
  99. What colors are the port and starboard running lights?
    The port running lights are red and the starboard running lights are green
  100. What is the ARC of Visibility of the Port/STBD Running Light?
    Port/Starboard running lights – 112.5°
  101. What is the ARC of Visibility of the Masthead Running Light?
    Forward/Aft mast lights - 225°
  102. What is the ARC of visibility of the Stern Light ?
    Stern light - 135°
  103. What is the clinometer?
    It is used to indicate the ships list.
  104. What is an anemometer?
    Used to measure wind speed and direction.
  105. What are the four types of turns used to recover a man overboard?
    Race track, Williamson, Anderson, and Y-back.
  106. What is the gyrocompass?
    It is used to determine the ship’s heading and as the primary navigational compass. The gyro is designed to point steady to true geographical pole vice magnetic pole.
  107. How many gyros are there and where are they located?
    We have two MK-23 gyros. One is located in engineering gyro shop and the other is located in the repair gyro shop
  108. How many gyro repeaters are there in OPS and where are they located?
    There are a total of 6 OPS gyro repeaters., 1 on the Signal Bridge, 1 on the centerline polaris on the bridge, 1 on the port bridge wing,1 on the starboard bridge wing, and two at the helm.
  109. What is relative bearing?
    Relative bearing is the direction of an object from the observer measured clockwise from the ship’s head. It is based on a circle drawn around the ship itself, with the bow as 000°.
  110. What is true bearing?
    True bearing is the direction of an object from the observer, measured clockwise from true north. It is based on a circle of degrees with true north as 000°.
  111. What is deviation?
    Deviation is the magnetic effect of the ship on the compass
  112. What is variation?
    Variation is the magnetic effect of the earth’s magnetic field on the compass
  113. Where do you get variation of an area?
    You get variation from the compass rose.
  114. What are the watchstations on the bridge?
    OOD, JOOD/Conning Officer, BMOW, QMOW, Helm, Lee Helm, Status board operator, Lookouts, Phonetalkers, and Messenger.
  115. What are the various items and equipment found on the bridge?
    Helm, mechanical helm indicator, rudder angle indicator, steering selector switch, various alarms, magnetic compass, engine order telegraph, status boards, gyro repeaters, radar repeaters, and GPS
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Operations Oral Board Generator ESWS
Operations ESWS
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