Mental Health Nursing

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Mental Health Nursing
2012-02-03 01:03:40
Vocabulary Chapter Nine

Therapeutic Relationships
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  1. Clinical supervision
    A mentoring relationship which is characterized by evaluation and feedback and a gradual increase in autonomy and responsibility
  2. Contract
    A written or stated agreement between patient and caregiver that contains the place, time, date, and duration of meetings
  3. Countertransference
    The tendency of the nurse, therapist, or social worker to displace onto the patient feelings that are a response to people in the nurse’s past.
  4. Empathy
    The ability of one person to get inside another’s world and see things from the other person’s perspective and to communicate this understanding to the other person
  5. Genuineness
    Self-awareness of one’s feelings as the arise within the nurse-patient relationship and the ability to communicate them when appropriate
  6. Orientation phase
    The phase of the nurse-patient relationship in which the nurse and patient meet, and the nurse conducts the initial interview
  7. Rapport
    A relationship characterized by trust, support, and understanding
  8. Social relationship
    A relationship that is primarily initiated for the purpose of friendship, socialization, enjoyment, or accomplishment of a task
  9. Termination phase
    The final, integral phase of the nurse-patient relationship
  10. Therapeutic encounter
    A brief, informal meeting between the nurse and patient in which the relationship is useful and important for the patient
  11. Therapeutic relationship
    A relationship requiring that the nurse maximize his or her communication skills, understanding of human behaviors, and personal strengths in order to enhance personal growth in the patient. This relationship occurs in all clinical settings, not just those on a psychiatric unit
  12. Therapeutic use of self
    Creative use of unique personality traits and talents to form positive bonds with others
  13. Transference
    the experiencing of thought and feelings toward a person that were originally held toward a significant person in one’s past. A valuable tool used by therapists in psychoanalytical psychotherapy
  14. Values
    Abstract standards that represent an ideal, either positive or negative
  15. Working phase
    The phase of the nurse-patient relationship during which the nurse and patient identify and explore areas that are causing problems in the patient’s life