Cultural Geography 1113

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Cultural Geography 1113
2012-02-03 03:56:54
Cultural Geography

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  1. What are the two main branches of geography?
    Phisical and human geography.
  2. What is Nature?
    the phisical environment.
  3. What is culture?
    Intelectual and moral development that humans contain.
  4. What is nature-culture dualism?
    A conceptual framework that seperates nature from culture and is rejected by many scholars today.
  5. Cultural Ecology?
    A subfield within human geography that studies the relationship between people and the natural environment.
  6. Environmental Determinism
    A theory maintaining that natural factors control the development of human physiological mental qualities.
  7. Possibilism
    A theory that people use their creativity to decide how to respond to the conditions or constraints of a particular natural environment.
  8. Regional Analysis
    The study of the cultural economic political physical or other facctors that contribute to the distinvtiveness of geographical areas.
  9. Formal Region
    An area that possesses one or more unifying physical or cultural traits.
  10. Functional Region
    An area that is unified by a specific economic political or social activity and possesses at least one node.
  11. Perceptual region
    An area that eople perceive to exist because they identify with it, have an attachment to it, or imagine it in a certain way.
  12. Place
    A locality distinguished by specific physical and social characteristics.
  13. Space
    A bounded or unbounded area. Absolute space can be precisely measured; relative space is shaped by contingency.
  14. Spatial Diffusion
    The movement of a phenomenon, such as an innovation, information, or an epidemic, across space and over time.
  15. Globalization
    The greater interconnectedness and interdependence of people and places around the world.
  16. Spatial Interaction
    The connections and relations that develop among places and regions as a result of the movement or flow of people, goods, or information.
  17. Complementarity
    A situation in which one place or region can supply the demand for resources or goods in another place or religion.
  18. Transferability
    the cost of moving a good and the ability of the good to withstand that cost.
  19. Distance Decay
    The tapering off of a process, pattern, or event over a distance.
  20. Time space convergence
    The process by which places seem to become closer together in both time and space s a result of innovations in transportation and communication that weaken the barrier or friction of distance.
  21. Geographic scale
    A way of depicting, in reduced form, all or part of the world, or a level of analysis used in a specific project or study.
  22. Remote Sensing
    A means of acquiring info about something that is located at a distance from you or the sensing device, such as a satellite.
  23. GPS
    A constellation of artificial satellites, radio signals, and receivers used to determine the absolute olcation of people, places, or features on earth.
  24. GIS
    A combination of hardware and software that enable the input, management, analysis, and visualization of georeferenced data.
  25. Americanization
    the diffusion of American Brands, valuses, nd attitudes throughout the world.
  26. Capital
    Financial, social, intellectual, or other assets that are derived from human creativity and are used to create goods and services.
  27. Cartel
    Entity consisting of individuals or businesses that control the production or sale of a commodity or group of commodities often worldwide.
  28. Commodification
    The conversion of an object, a concept, or a procedure once not abailable for purchase into a good or service that can be bought or sold.
  29. Consumption
    Broadly defined as the use of goods to satisfy human needs and desires.
  30. Cultural geography
    A branch of human geography that emphasizes human beliefs and activities and how they vary spatiall, utilize the environment, and change the landscape.
  31. Diffusionism
    A belief, associated with the rationality doctrine and cultural superiority, that the spread of Western science, technology, and practices to nonwesterners would enable them to advance socially and economically.
  32. Dissonance
    The quality of being inconsistent; within heritage studies the ide that the meaning and vlue of heritage vary from group to group.
  33. FDI
    Foreign Direct investment, The transfer of monetary resources by a multinational corporation from its home country abroad in order to finance its overseas business activities.
  34. Glocalization
    the idea that global and local forces interact and that both are changed in the process.
  35. Heritage
    Property transmitted to an heir, or more broadly, any contemporary use of the past.
  36. Heritage Industry
    Enterprises, such as museums, monuments and historical and archaeological sites, that manage or market the past.
  37. Holistic Approach
    Within traditional medicine, a manner of understanding health such that it encompasses all aspects of a persons life.
  38. Local culture
    the practices, attitudes, and preferences held in common by the members of a community in a particular place.
  39. Local knowledge
    The collective wisdom of a community that derives from the everyday activities of its members.
  40. Material culture
    The tangible and visible artifacts, implements and structures created by people such as dwellings, musical instruments, and tools.
  41. MNC
    Multinational corporation, A company that owns offices or production facilities in one or more countries.
  42. Mystical Ecology
    The interrelationship between an awareness of cosmic forces and human use of the environment.
  43. Neolocalism
    A renewed interest in sustaining and promoting the uniqueness of a place.
  44. Nonmaterial culture
    The oral traditions, behavioral practices, and other nontangible components of a cultural group's way of life including recipes, songs, or philosophies.
  45. Placelessness
    The loss of the unique character of different places and the increasing standardization of places and cultural landscapes that is sometimes associated with the diffusion of pop culture.
  46. Popular culture
    The practices, attitudes, and preferences held in common by large numbers of people and considered to be mainstream.
  47. Qanat
    A system of water supply that uses shaft and tunnel tech to tap underground water resources.
  48. Rationality doctrine
    The attitude and belief that Europeans were ratioonal and that non europeans, especially colonized peoples, were irrational; closely associated with diffusionism.
  49. Social Capital
    The social ties, networks, institutions, and trust that members of a group use to achieve mutual benefits.
  50. Sustainable Development
    An approach to resource use and management that meets economic and social needs without compromising the resources for future generations.
  51. Vernacular Architecture
    The common structures; dwellings, buildings, barns, churches, and so on associated with a particular lace, time, and community.
  52. Vertical Expansion
    In the context of globalization, the deepening of connections between places through the development of policies, such as trade agreements that formalize and strenghten theose linkages.
  53. World heritage
    Sites perceived to have outstanding universal value for all of humanity.
  54. Horizontal expansion
    In the context of glabalization, the increase in international connections among places via rapid flows of goods, people, and ideas.
  55. Age dependency ratio
    The number of people under the age of fifteen and over the age of 65 as a proportion of the working-age population.
  56. Asylum
    Protection from persecution graned by one country to a refugee from another country.
  57. Authorized Immigrant
    In the united states, legal permanent residents who are sometimes also called green-card holders.
  58. Carrying Capacity
    The number of people the earth can support at a comfortable standard of living given current technology and habits of resource use.
  59. Circulation
    The temporary often cyclical relocation of an individual or a group from one place to another.
  60. CBR
    Crude birth rate,The annual number of births per thousand people.
  61. CDR
    Crude death rate, The annual number of deaths per thousand people.
  62. Demographic equation
    A technique for measuring population change in a region over a specified period of time by adding population growth through natural increase and net migration to the population at the start of the time period being examined.
  63. Demographic transition model
    A simplified representation of a common demographic shift from high birth and deth rates to low birth and death rates over time and in conjunction with urbanization and industrialization.
  64. Emigration
    The out migration or departure of people from a location.
  65. Epidemiological transition
    A shift rom infectious to chronic diseases as lifestyle changes associated with urbanization and industrialization occur.
  66. Forced Migration
    A situation in which a person, group, government, or other entity insists that another individual or group most relocate. the people being forced to move have no say about where they are moving, when or other conditions of the move.
  67. Geodemography
    The study of the spatial variations among human populations.
  68. Human Trafficking
    The forcible and or fraudulent recruitment of people for work in exploitative conditions, for example, as child soldiers or prostitutes.
  69. Immigration
    The in-migration or arrival of people at a location.
  70. Internally displaced persons
    people forcibly driven from their homes into a different part of their country.
  71. International migration
    A situation in which people cross international boundaries and take up long term or permanent residence in another country.
  72. Migration
    The long term or permanent relocation of an individual or group from one place to another.
  73. Neomalthusians
    People who share the same general views of Thomal Malthus and argue that, since the world's resources are limited, there is also a natural limit to the number of people the earth can support at a comfortable standard of living.
  74. Population ecology
    The study of the impacts populations have on their environments as well as the ways in which environmental conditions affect people and their livelihoods.
  75. Population pyramaid
    A bar graph that shows the age and gender composition of a population.
  76. Rate of natural increase
    The percentage of annual growth in a population excluding migration.
  77. Remittance
    The money, goods, or services sent by immigrants to family members or relatives in their home countries.
  78. Transnationalism
    In migration studies, the process by which immigrants develop and cultivate ties to more than one country.
  79. Voluntary Migration
    A long term or permanent move that stems from choice.