Medical pathology ch 12

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Medical pathology ch 12
2012-02-03 04:07:32

pathology, diagnostic terms, etc
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  1. auscultation
    listening to sounds within the body
  2. percussion
    tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure
  3. pleural rub
    scratchy sound produced by pleural surfaces rubbing agains each other
  4. rales (crakles)
    fine crackling sounds heard on auscultation (during inhalation) when there is fluid in the alveoli
  5. sputum
    material expelled from bronchi, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting
  6. stridor
    strained, high-pitched sound heard on inspiration caused by obstruction in the pharynx or larynx
  7. croup
    acute viral infection of infants with abstruction of the larynx, barking cough, and stridor
  8. diphteria
    acute infection of the throat aznd upper respiratory tract
  9. epistaxis
  10. pertussis
    whooping cough
  11. asthma
    chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder
  12. bronchiectasis
    chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection
  13. chronic brochitits
    inflammation of bronchi
  14. cystic fibrosis
    inherited disorder of exocrine glands
  15. atelectasis
    collapsed lung
  16. emphysema
    hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
  17. lung cancer
    malignant tumor arising from the lungs and bronchi
  18. pneumonia
    acute inflammation and infection of the alveoli
  19. pulmonary abscess
    large collection of pus in the lungs
  20. pulmonary edema
    fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
  21. pulmonary embolism
    clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
  22. pulmonary fibrosis
    formationof scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs
  23. sarcoidosis
    chronic inflammatory disease in which small nodules develop in lungs
  24. tuberculosis
    infectious disease usually involved the lungs
  25. mesothelioma
    rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura
  26. pleural effusion
    abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
  27. pneumothorax
    collection of air in the pleural space
  28. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    chronic condition of persistent obstruction of air flow through bronchial tubes and lungs
  29. hydrothorax
    collection of fluid in the pleural cavity
  30. palliative
    relieving symptoms, but not curing the disease
  31. pulmonary infarction
    area of necrosis
  32. purulent
    containing pus
  33. ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scan
    detection device records radioactivity in the lung after injection of a radioisotope or inhalation of small amount of radioactive gas
  34. bronchoscopy
    fiberoptic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes
  35. endotracheal intubation
    placement of a tube through the mouth into the throat to establish airway
  36. laryngoscopy
    visual examination of the voice box
  37. lung biopsy
    removal of lung tissue followed by microscopic examination
  38. mediastinoscopy
    endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum
  39. pulmonary function test
    tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lungs
  40. thoracentesis
    surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space
  41. thoracotomy
    large surival incision of the chest
  42. thoracoscopy
    visual examination of the chest via small incicsions and use of an endoscope
  43. tracheostomy
    surgical creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck
  44. tube thoracostomy
    chest tube is passed through an opening in the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion