Digestive System

Card Set Information

Author:
lecaly
ID:
132612
Filename:
Digestive System
Updated:
2012-02-11 01:41:42
Tags:
Digestive System
Folders:

Description:
Digestive System
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user lecaly on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What are the three overall structures of the digestive system?
    Gross structure

    Microscopic structure

    Accessory organs
  2. As a gross structure the digestive system is a _______ from the ______ to the ________

    a) rock, mouth, anus

    b) tube, mouth, anus

    c) tube, anus, mouth
    b
  3. The alimentary tract/canal is also known as

    a) grastrointestinal tract (G.I. tract)

    b) digestive tract

    c) reproductive tract
    a & b
  4. The word alimentary is another word for

    a) feces

    b) accesory

    c) nutrition
    c
  5. How long is the digestive tract from the mouth to the anus in an average adult?

    a) approximately 30 feet

    b) approximately 10 feet

    c) approximately 50 feet
    a
  6. The microscopic structure of the digestive system starts at the ____________ to the ________

    a) stomach, anus

    b) pharynx, liver

    c) esophagus, anus
    c
  7. List the four microscopic layers/tissues found in the digestive system

    a) mucous/mucosa, submucous/submucosa, muscular/muscularis, fibro-serous

    b) mucous/mucosa, submucous/submucosa, muscular/muscularis, vestibule/alveolar

    c) mucous/mucosa, pylorus/pyloric, muscular/muscularis, fibro-serous
    a
  8. List the innermost layer of epithelial tissue containing gladular cells

    a) fibro-serous

    b) submucous/submucosa

    c) mucous/mucosa
    c
  9. What is the function of the mucous/mucosa in the digestive system?

    a) to move food in wave like contractions

    b) to support and maintain shape

    c) to secrete mucous and enzymes
    c
  10. List the areolar, connective tissue, lymph nodes and vessels, submucosal glands, blood vessels and nerves that form a plexus

    a) mucous/mucosa

    b) submucous/submucosa

    c) muscular/muscularis
    b
  11. The plexus is part of the ________________ nervous system and it is the ____________ in thickness to compensate for components size

    a) ergonomic, largest

    b) paranomic, smallest

    c) autonomic, largest
    c
  12. List the smooth muscle and the shape of the muscles which help with the movement of food

    a) muscular/muscularis, circular & longitudinal

    b) mucous/mucosa, circular & square

    c) fibro-serous, triangular & longitudinal
    a
  13. What is peristalsis?

    a) bony projections of the free borders of the upper and lower jaws

    b) partially digested food as it leaves the stomach

    c) wave-like contractions and relaxations of muscle fibers to move food products through canal
    c
  14. List the outermost layer of the digestive system

    a) mucous/mucosa

    b) fibro-serous

    c) muscular/muscularis
    b
  15. This is the outer layer above diaphragm for support and to maintain shape

    a) mucous

    b) serous

    c) fibrous
    c
  16. This is the outer layer below diaphragm for protection and lubrication

    a) serous

    b) fibrous

    c) mucous
    a
  17. What is the purpose of the accessory organs of the digestive system?

    a) to store and mix food with gastric enzymes for chemical breakdown

    b) to assist in secretions, absorption and movement of food product through the digestive system and into the necessary body systems

    c) to allow bolus to move into stomach
    b
  18. What are the functions of the digestive system?

    a) ingestion, digestion, absorption, excretion

    b) ingestion, absorption, digestion, excretion

    c) ingestion, excretion, digestion, absorption
    a
  19. This is the process of altering the chemical and physical composition of complex food so that it can be absorbed/utilized by the body cells and tissues

    a) ingestion

    b) digestion

    c) absorption
    b
  20. The art of breaking into smaller parts; tain in food and break it down is known as

    a) comminucated

    b) community

    c) comminuted
    c
  21. This is when smaller components are put into the blood stream to provide nourishment/nutrients

    a) ingestion

    b) digestion

    c) absorption
    c
  22. This is when the body eliminates waste products/feces

    a) excretion

    b) digestion

    c) absorption
    a
  23. Excretion is also known as:

    a) excited

    b) exhume

    c) excreta
    c
  24. List the organs of digestion

    a) mouth, pharynx, esohagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, anus

    b) mouth, pharynx, esohagus, stomach, small intestine, uterus, anus

    c) mouth, pharynx, esohagus, stomach, bladder, large intestine, anus
    a
  25. What are the two aka's of the mouth?

    a) gaster, buccal

    b) oral, hepar

    c) oral, buccal
    c
  26. List the five boundaries of the mouth

    a) anterior, lateral, superior, inferior, posterior

    b) anterior, lateral, external, inferior, posterior

    c) anterior, lateral, superior, inferior, internal
    a
  27. The lips can be found in the following boundary of the mouth

    a) inferior

    b) anterior

    c) lateral
    b
  28. The cheeks can be found in the following boundary of the mouth

    a) inferior

    b) anterior

    c) lateral
    c
  29. The hard palate and soft palate can be found in the following boundary of the mouth

    a) lateral

    b) anterior

    c) superior
    c
  30. The hard palate is made up of the following bones

    a) femur, palatine

    b) maxilla, palatine

    c) maxilla, humerus
    b
  31. T/F: The hard palate is the most anterior portion of the roof of the mouth
    t
  32. T/F: The soft palate consists of folds of mucous membrane
    t
  33. T/F: The soft palate is the most anterior portion of the roof of the mouth
    f - most posterior
  34. The tongue can be found in the following boundary of the mouth

    a) inferior

    b) anterior

    c) lateral
    a
  35. The throat can be found in the following boundary of the mouth

    a) inferior

    b) posterior

    c) lateral
    b
  36. The throat is also known as

    a) fauces

    b) faucet

    c) faugh
    a
  37. This is the narrow or gorge passage from the mouth to the pharynx

    a) fauces

    b) faucet

    c) faugh
    a
  38. The space between the teeth and the cheeks is known as

    a) vest

    b) vestibule

    c) vestibular
    c
  39. T/F: Teeth are considered an accesory organ
    t
  40. These are bony projections on the free borders of the upper and lower jaws

    a) alveolate processes

    b) alveolar processes

    c) alveolus processes
    b
  41. This term refers to sockets of alveolar proceses; they are the spaces which house the tooth

    a) alveolate

    b) alveolus

    c) alveoli
    c
  42. Mucous membrane and dense connective tissue covering the alveolar process and portion of the tooth

    a) alveoli

    b) gingiva

    c) dentin
    b
  43. Gingiva is also known as

    a) candy

    b) gum

    c) soda
    b
  44. List the three divisions of a tooth

    a) crown, root, neck

    b) tiara, root, neck

    c) crown, root, arm
    a
  45. This is the visible portion of the tooth

    a) neck

    b) root

    c) crown
    c
  46. This is the portion of the tooth that is in the socket

    a) neck

    b) root

    c) crown
    b
  47. Portion between the crown and the root of the tooth covered by gingiva

    a) neck

    b) root

    c) crown
    a
  48. This is the principal component of the tooth. It is similar to bone but harder

    a) enamel

    b) dentin

    c) peridontium
    b
  49. This is the substance covering the crown portion of the tooth. It is white and hard. It is the hardest substance in the body

    a) enamel

    b) dentin

    c) peridontium
    a
  50. This is made up of an osseous substance covering the root portion holding the tooth to the periodontal membrane

    a) dental pulp

    b) cementum

    c) periodontal membrane
    b
  51. This is the central portion of the tooth. Blood vessels and nerves are stored here

    a) dental pulp

    b) cementum

    c) periodontal membrane
    a
  52. This is fibrous vascular tissue that connects cementum to alveoli

    a) dental pulp

    b) cementum

    c) periodontal membrane
    c
  53. Periodontal membrane is also known as

    a) alveolar periosteum

    b) alveolate periosteum

    c) alveolus periosteum
    a
  54. T/F: The periodontal membrane is glue to cementum and alveoli
    t
  55. This is the tissue supporting the tooth composed of the cementum, periodontal membrane, alveolar process and gingiva

    a) enamel

    b) dentin

    c) peridontium
    c
  56. T/F: When looking at the alignment of the teeth start from laterally and move to the center
    f - start from the center and move laterally
  57. These are used for biting and cutting

    There are a total of 8: 4 top and 4 bottom

    a) molars

    b) canine

    c) incisors
    c
  58. These are used for biting, tearing and grasping

    They are located next to the incisors

    There are a total of 4: 1 on each side and top and bottom

    a) molars

    b) canine

    c) incisors
    b
  59. Canine teeth are also known as

    a) caninus

    b) eyeteeth

    c) buckteeth
    a & b
  60. These are used for crushing and grinding

    There are 2 on each side top and bottom

    a) premolars

    b) molars

    c) incisors
    a
  61. Premolars are also known as

    a) cuspids

    b) bicuspids

    c) tricuspids
    b
  62. These are used for chewing

    There are 3 on each side top and bottom

    a) premolars

    b) molars

    c) incisors
    b
  63. Molars are also known as

    a) cuspids

    b) bicuspids

    c) tricuspids
    c
  64. T/F: Wisdom teeth are found at the end of each row of teeth, sometimes do not erupt and are not necessary
    t
  65. T/F: Wisdom teeth are considered premolars
    f - molars
  66. Decidious teeth are also known as

    a) baby teeth

    b) adult teeth

    c) milk teeth
    a & c
  67. T/F: There are a total of 25 deciduous teeth
    f - 20
  68. Permanent teeth are also known as

    a) baby teeth

    b) adult teeth

    c) milk teeth
    b
  69. T/F There are a total of 32 permanent teeth
    t
  70. The tongue is an accesory organ of _____________ and _____________

    a) digestion and mastication

    b) absorption and mastication

    c) digestion and excretion
    a
  71. Where is the tongue found?

    a) the roof of the mouth

    b) the floor of the mouth

    c) the sides of the mouth
    b
  72. The structure of the tongue can be described as a freely moveable muscular organ covered with ___________ membrane

    a) serous

    b) mucous

    c) fibrous
    b
  73. These are small elevations on surface of the tongue to give rough surface for movement of food

    a) uvula

    b) tonsils

    c) papilla
    c
  74. The taste buds can be found in the

    a) uvula

    b) tonsils

    c) papilla
    c
  75. These are end organs for the sense of taste

    a) glands

    b) taste buds

    c) ducts
    b
  76. List the three taste buds

    a) parotid, fungiform, filliform

    b) vallate, fungiform, villi

    c) vallate, fungiform, filliform
    c
  77. This taste bud is located on the back of the tongue and is responsible for the taste of bitterness

    a) vallate

    b) fungiform

    c) filliform
    a
  78. This taste bud is located on the sides and tip of the tongue and is responsible for the taste of sour

    a) vallate

    b) fungiform

    c) filliform
    b
  79. This taste bud is located on the anterior 2/3 of the tongue and is responsible for the taste of salty and sweet

    a) vallate

    b) fungiform

    c) filliform
    c
  80. This fibrous attachment found in the anterior inferior surface of the tongue restricts movement of the tongue backwards and upwards

    a) frenum

    b) fungiform

    c) filliform
    a
  81. Frenum is also known as

    a) frenulum

    b) fundus

    c) fund
    a
  82. The following describe the fuctions of which accesory organ: taste, increase flow of saliva, initiate gastric flow and move food between teeth

    a) salivary glands

    b) tongue

    c) liver
    b
  83. T/F: The tongue aids in swallowing and speech
    t
  84. T/F: The salivary glands are an accesory organ
    t
  85. These are 3 paired sets, tubulo-alveolar small tubes with open space. They are similar to lung structure

    a) gastric glands

    b) heterocrine glands

    c) salivary glands
    c
  86. List the 3 salivary glands

    a) parotid, submandibular, sublingual

    b) parotid, periodontal, sublingual

    c) alveolar, submandibular, sublingual
    a
  87. This salivary gland is located within the subcutaneous regions of the cheeks below and in front of the ears. Its duct opens in the mouth just opposite the upper 2nd molar teeth

    a) sublingual

    b) submandibular

    c) parotid
    c
  88. This salivary gland secretes amylase

    a) sublingual

    b) submandibular

    c) parotid
    c
  89. What is amylase?

    a) fibrous fluid

    b) mucous fluid

    c) serous fluid
    c
  90. The parotid glands are aka

    a) Stensen's duct

    b) Wharton's duct

    c) Bartholin's duct
    a
  91. This salivary gland is located in the floor of the mouth close to the angle of the jaw. Its duct opens in the floow of the mouth on either side of the frenum.

    a) sublingual

    b) submandibular

    c) parotid
    b
  92. This salivary gland secretes amylase and mucous

    a) sublingual

    b) submandibular

    c) parotid
    b
  93. The submandibular gland is aka

    a) Stensen's duct

    b) Wharton's duct

    c) Bartholin's duct
    b
  94. This salivary gland is located below the tongue just anterior to the submandibular gland and lateral to the tongue. It is emptied by two ducts

    a) sublingual

    b) submandibular

    c) parotid
    a
  95. The duct of Rivinus and Bartholin's duct are found in this salivary gland

    a) sublingual

    b) submandibular

    c) parotid
    a
  96. The duct of ___________ considered the minor duct in this salivary gland opens along the crest of the ____________ fold

    a) Rivinus, sublingual

    b) Rivalrous, submandibular

    c) Rival, parotid
    a
  97. _______________ duct considered the major duct in this salivary gland empties alongside Wharton's duct

    a) Bartholin's, sublingual

    b) Bartholomew, submandibular

    c) Boring, parotid
    a
  98. This salivary gland secretes mucous

    a) sublingual

    b) submandibular

    c) parotid
    a
  99. The sublingual gland is aka

    a) Stensen's duct

    b) Wharton's duct

    c) Bartholin's duct
    c
  100. What functions does saliva have?

    a) moisten food and aid in swallowing

    b) initiate gastric flow and aid in swallowing

    c) moisten food and aid with mastication
    a
  101. This is secreted by salivary glands to break down starches

    a) lysozyme

    b) immunoglobulin antibody

    c) amylase enzyme
    c
  102. Ptyalin is aka

    a) sweat

    b) spittle

    c) tears
    b
  103. These inhibit bacteria and are found in saliva

    a) lysozyme

    b) immunoglobulin antibody

    c) amylase enzyme
    a & c
  104. Lysozyme is also found in sweat, breast milk and ___________

    a) sweat

    b) spittle

    c) tears
    c
  105. Lysozyme is aka

    a) antseptic enzyme

    b) bacterial enzyme

    c) contagious enzyme
    a

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview