med term 4

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med term 4
2012-02-03 11:14:38
respiratory system

med term test 4
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  1. adenoid/o
  2. -ectomy
    excision or removal of
  3. laryng/o
    larynx (voice box)
  4. -scope
    instrument for examining
  5. nas/o
  6. rhin/o
  7. -rrhea
    discharge, flow
  8. pharyng/o
    pharynx (throat)
  9. -itis
    inflammation of
  10. tonsil/o
  11. peri-
  12. -ar
    pertaining to
  13. trache/o
    trachea (windpipe)
  14. -stomy
    forming an opening (mouth)
  15. alveol/o
    alveolux (plural, alveoli)
  16. bronchi/o
    bronchus (plural, bronchi)
  17. -ectasis
    dilation, expansion
  18. bronch/o
    bronchus (plural, bronchi)
  19. bronchiol/o
  20. pleur/o
  21. -itic
    pertaining to
  22. pneum/o
    air; lung
  23. pneumon/o
    air; lung
  24. -ia
  25. pulmon/o
  26. -logist
    specialist in study of
  27. thorac/o
  28. -pathy
  29. -algia
  30. -dynia
  31. -osis
    abnormal condition, increase (used primarily with blood cells)
  32. atel-
    incomplete; imperfect
  33. cyan-
  34. -osmia
  35. an-
    without, not
  36. -oxia
  37. hyp-
    under, below, deficient
  38. -phagia
    swallowing, eating
  39. aer/o
  40. -pnea
  41. a-
    without, not
  42. -spasm
    involuntary contraction, twitching
  43. -thorax
  44. py/o
  45. para-
    near, beside, beyond
  46. -rrhagia
    profuse bleeding
  47. hydr/o
  48. -therapy
  49. myc
  50. -plegia
  51. CA
  52. -tome
    instrument to make incision
  53. -tomy
    to make incision
  54. -cele
    hernia, swelling
  55. -stenosis
    narrowing, stricture
  56. neo-
  57. -ole
    small, minute
  58. chondr/o
  59. -plasty
    surgical repair
  60. -oma
  61. -malacia
  62. -itis
    inflammation of
  63. erythr/o
  64. -cyte
  65. O2
  66. CO2
    carbon dioxide
  67. external respiration
    gas exchange between the body and the outside environment
  68. internal respiration
    gas exchange at the cellular level between the blood and body tissue cells
  69. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  70. melan-
  71. lob-
  72. brady-
  73. dys-
    bad, painful; difficult
  74. eu-
    good, normal
  75. tachy-
  76. CPAP
    continuous positive airway pressure
  77. OSA
    obstructive sleep apnea
  78. orth/o
  79. phren/o
    diaphragm or mind
  80. -ptosis
    prolapse or downward displacement
  81. inspiration or inhalation
    breathing air into the lungs
  82. expiration or exhalation
    breathing air out of the lungs
  83. inter/cost/al
    muscles between adjacent ribs
  84. during inspiration (or inhalation), the diaphragm
  85. during expiration (or exhalation), the diaphragm
  86. -phobia
  87. hem/o
  88. muc/o
  89. chronic
    persists for a long time
  90. PCP
    pneumocystis pneumon/ia
  91. compromised, immunocompromised
    immune system incapable of resisting path/o/gen/ic organisms
  92. AIDS
    aquired immune deficiency syndrome
  93. emphys/ema
    chronic disease characterized by overexpansion and destruction of alveoli
  94. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  95. metastasize or metastasis
    when CA spreads to other parts of the body
  96. TB
  97. tuberculosis
    infectious disease, produces small lesions, or tubercles, in the lungs
  98. tubercles
    small lesions that appear in the lungs
  99. ABGs
    arterial blood gases
  100. ARDS
    acute respiratory distress syndrome
  101. CF
    cystic fibrosis
  102. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  103. CT
    computed tomography
  104. DPT
    diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
  105. Dx
  106. FEV1
    forced expiratory volume in one second
  107. FVC
    forced vital capacity
  108. HF
    heart failure
  109. HMD
    hyaline membrane disease
  110. IPPB
    intermittent positive-pressure breathing
  111. IRDS
    infant respiratory distress syndrome
  112. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  113. NMT
    nebulized mist treatment
  114. PFT
    pulmonary function test
  115. PND
    paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
  116. RD
    respiratory disease
  117. SIDS
    sudden infant death syndrome
  118. SOB
    shortness of breath
  119. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  120. VC
    vital capacity
  121. crackles
    fine crackling or bubbling sounds, commonly heard during inspiration when there is fluid in the alveoli; also called rales
  122. friction rub
    dry, grating sound heard with stethoscope during auscultation (listening for sounds within the body)
  123. rhonchi
    loud, coarse or snoring sounds heard during inspiration or expiration that is caused by obstucted airways
  124. stridor
    high-pitched, muscial sound made on inspiration that is caused by an obstruction in the trachea or larynx
  125. wheezes
    continuous high-pitched whistling sounds, usually during expiration, that are caused by narrowing of an airway
  126. acidosis
    excessive acidity of blood due to an accumulation of acids or an excessive loss of bicarbonate
  127. ARDS
    respiratory insufficiency marked by progressive hypoxia
  128. anoxia
    total absence of oxygen in body tissues
  129. atelectasis
    collapse of lung tissue, preventing respiratory exchange of oxygen (O2) and carbon dioxide (CO2)
  130. consolidation
    process of becoming solid, especially in connection with the lungs
  131. coryza
    acute inflammation of nasal passages accompanied by profuse nasal discharge; also called a cold
  132. croup
    acute respiratory syndrome that occurs primarily in children and infants and is characterized by laryngeal obstruction and spasm, barking cough, and stridor
  133. CF
    genetic disease of exocrine glands characterized by excessive secretions of thick mucus that do not drain normally, causing obstruction of passageways
  134. empyema
    pus in a body cavity, especially in the pleural cavity (pyothorax)
  135. epiglottitis
    in acute form, a severe, life-threatening infection of the epiglottis and surrounding area that occurs most commonly in chidlren between ages 2-12
  136. epistaxis
    hemorrhage from the nose; also called nosebleed
  137. hypoxemia
    deficiency of oxygen in the blood, usually a sign of respiratory impairment
  138. hypoxia
    deficiency of oxygen in body tissues, usually a sign of respiratory impairment
  139. influenza
    acute, contagious respiratory infection characterized by sudden onset of fever, chills, headache, and muscle pain
  140. lung cancer
    pulmonary malignancy commonly attributable to cigarette smoking
  141. pertussis
    acute infectious disease characterized by "whoop" sounding cough; also called whooping cough
  142. pleural effusion
    abnormal presence of fluid in the pleural cavity
  143. pneumothorax
    collection of air in the pleural cavity, causing the complete or partial collapse of a lung
  144. SIDS
    completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently well, or virtually well, infant; also called crib death
  145. ABG
    measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide conent of arterial blood by various methods
  146. bronchoscopy
    visual examination of the interior bronchi using a bronchoscope, a flexible fiberoptic instrument with a light, which can be inserted through the nose or mouth
  147. chest x-ray
    radiograph of the chest taken from the anteroposterior (AP), posteroanterior (PA), or lateral projections
  148. CT
    radiographic technique that uses a narrow beam of x-rays that rotates in a full arc around the patient to acquire multiple views of the body that a computer interprets to produce cross-sectional images of that body part
  149. MRI
    radiographic technique that uses electromagnetic energy to produce multiplanar cross-sectional images of the body
  150. PFTs
    variety of tests to determine the capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen and cabon dioxide efficiently
  151. FVC
    measurement of the amount of air that can be forcefully exhaled from the lungs after the deepest inhalation
  152. FEV1
    measurement of the volume of air that can be forcefully exhaled during the first second of measuring the FVC
  153. spirometry
    measurement of FVC and FEV1 producing a tracing on a graph
  154. postural drainage
    use of body positioning to assis in removal of secretions from specific lobes of the lung, bronchi, or lung cavities
  155. bronchodilators
    drugs used to increase airflow by dilating constricted airways through relaxation of the smooth muscles that surround the bronchioles and bronchi
  156. corticosteroids
    hormonal agents that reduce tissue edema and inflammation associated with chronic lung disease
  157. NMT
    therapy that uses a device to producde a fine spray (nebulizer) that delivers medication directly into the lungs