ch7_types

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Author:
nmdeasy
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13265
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ch7_types
Updated:
2010-04-06 07:55:09
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PSY101 intelligence thinking learning
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tests, types of intelligence, language
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  1. an all-purpose ability to do well on cognitive tasks, to solve problems, and to learn from experience
    Intelligence
  2. In the realm of testing, ________ is the extent to which a test measures what it is intended to measure criterion validity.
    validity
  3. ____________ the extent to which a test yields a consistent, reproducible measure of performance
    Reliability
  4. If a test is _______., then it must be _______., but a _______. test need not be _______.
    valid/reliable, reliable/valid
  5. Good intelligence tests are not only reliable and valid but also ___________
    standardized
  6. involves developing uniform procedures for administering and scoring a test, as well as creating norms, or performance standards
    Standardization
  7. an individual's level of mental development relative to that of others
    Mental age (MA)
  8. IQ consists of an individual's mental age divided by chronological age multiplied by ____
    100
  9. Once he or she reaches about age ___, the concept of mental age loses its meaning
    16
  10. On an IQ test, a normal distribution is a:
    bell curve
  11. intelligence tests that are intended to be culturally unbiased
    Culture-fair tests
  12. There are no culture-fair tests, only_____________ tests
    culture-reduced
  13. _________ proportion of observable differences in a group that can be explained by differences in the genes of the group's members
    Heritability
  14. For intelligence, heritability tells us how much of the differences we observe in intelligence is from differences in
    genes
  15. heritability is a statistic that provides information about a _____, not a(n)
    Group / individual
  16. People who are ____ have high intelligence (an IQ of 130 or higher) and/or superior talent in a particular area.
    gifted
  17. Mental retardation is an IQ usually below
    70
  18. Mental retardation, more recently termed
    intellectual disability
  19. _______________ is mental retardation caused by a genetic disorder or by brain damage
    Organic retardation
  20. form of organic mental retardation, occurs when an extra chromosome is present in the individual's genetic makeup.
    Down syndrome
  21. mental deficit with no evidence of organic brain damage
    Cultural-familial retardation is a
  22. The American Association on Mental Retardation's classifications
    intermittent, limited, extensive, and pervasive.
  23. the ability to perceive emotions in ourselves and others accurately
    emotional intelligence
  24. __________theory of intelligence says that intelligence comes in multiple forms.
    triarchic
  25. Triarchic theory types of intelligence:
    Analtytical, creative, practical
  26. The ability to analyze, judge, evaluate, compare, and contrast
    Analytical intelligence
  27. The ability to create, design, invent, originate, and imagine.
    Creative intelligence
  28. The ability to use, apply, implement, and put ideas into practice
    Practical intelligence
  29. The ability to think in words and use language to express meaning
    verbal
  30. The ability to carry out mathematical operations
    Mathematical
  31. The ability to think three-dimensionally
    Spatial
  32. The ability to manipulate objects and to be physically adept.
    Bodily spatial
  33. The ability to be sensitive to pitch, melody, rhythm, and tone.
    Musical
  34. The ability to understand and interact effectively with others.
    Interpersonal
  35. The ability to understand oneself.
    Intrapersonal
  36. The ability to observe patterns in nature and understand natural and human-made systems.
    Naturalist
  37. The ability to grapple with the big questions of human existence, such as the meaning of life and death, with special sensitivity to issues of spirituality.
    Existentialist
  38. T or F : According to Gardner, no one has all of these intelligences to varying degrees
    False
  39. form of communication, whether spoken, written, or signed, that is based on a system of symbols
    Language
  40. All human languages have infinite__________, the ability to produce an endless number of meaningful sentences
    generativity
  41. a language's sound system
    Phonology
  42. A language's rules for word formation
    Morphology
  43. smallest unit of language that carries meaning.
    morpheme
  44. language's rules for combining words to form acceptable phrases and sentences
    Syntax
  45. the meaning of words and sentences in a particular language.
    Semantics
  46. the useful character of language and the ability of language to communicate even more meaning than is said
    Pragmatics
  47. a view that argues that language determines the way we think,
    linguistic relativity hypothesis
  48. notion that men are somehow missing out on an emotional expressway is also reflected in the
    extreme male brain theory of autism
  49. Genetic disorder: extraordinary verbal, social, and musical abilities while having an extremely low IQ and difficulty with motor tasks and numbers
    Williams syndrome
  50. In Chomsky's view, language has strong underpinnings that are
    biological & prewired
  51. Kuhl shows babies are universal linguists until about 6 months of age but in the next 6 months become
    language-specific listeners.
  52. Linguistic sensitive periods likely vary across
    different language systems

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