biolab140.txt

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Author:
itzlinds
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132657
Filename:
biolab140.txt
Updated:
2012-02-11 19:06:46
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cardiovascular anatomy lab
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cardiovascular anatomy lab
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  1. Name the three major arteries taht branch from the aortic arch:
    • Left subclavian artery
    • brachiocephalic artery
    • Left common carotid artery
  2. Name the three major arteries that branch from teh celiac trunk:
    • common heptic
    • splenic
    • left gastric
  3. Name the three layers of the heart wall in the appropriate order:
    • endocardium: lines innner surface of the heart
    • myocardium: layer of cardiac muscle
    • epicardium: the outermost layer of the heart wall
  4. Identify the layers of the vessels (tissue layers):
    • tunica interna: innermost layer, exposed to blood, consists of simple squamous epithelium
    • tunica media: middle layer, consisits of smooth mucle, elastic tissue, responsible for changes in blood vessel diameter
    • tunica externa: outermost layer, connective tissue that connects the vessel to teh surronduing tissues and organs
    • idenify the artery
    • identify the vein
    • identify the tunica interna
    • identify the tunica media
    • identify the tunica externa
    • identify the tunica interna: simple squamous epithelium
    • identify the tunica media: smooth muscle, elastic tissue
    • identify the tunica externa: connective tissue
    • identify the pulmonary vein
    • identify the superior vena cava
    • identify the aorta
    • identify the pulmonary trunk
    • idenfity the apex of the heart
    • identify the opening of teh inferior vena cava
    • identify the right atrioventricular valve
    • identify the chordae tenineae
    • identify the pulmonary semilunar valve
    • identify the aortic semilunar valve
    • identify the left atrioventricular valve
    • identify the papillary muscles
    • identify the openings of pulmonary veins
    • identify the right atrium
    • identify the right ventricle
    • identify the interventricular septum
    • identify the left atrium
    • identify the left ventricle
    • identify the right cornonary artery
    • identify the left cornonary aftery
    • idnetify the coronary sinus
    • identify the brachiocephalic artery
    • identify the common carotid artery
    • identify the left subclavian artery
  5. axillary
    armpit
  6. brachial
    arm
  7. hepatic
    liver
  8. gastric
    stomach
  9. splenic
    spleen
  10. renal
    kidney
  11. mesentery
    intestines
  12. blood leaving the the capillaries of the GI tract (via the mesenteric or gastric veins) travels 1st thru the _________ to the liver, where it is filtered thru a 2nd set of capilllaries before leaving the liver in the ________ on its way to the heart:
    • hepatic portal vein
    • hepatic vein
  13. put the following vessels in the correct order starting from the heart:
    superior vena cava, aorta, brachial artery, subclavian vein, radial vein, brachiocephalic artery, axiallary vein, radial artery, subclavian artery, capillaries in the forearm, brachial vein, axillary artery
    aorta, brachiocephalic artery, subclavian artery, axiallry artery, brachial artery, radial artery, capillaries in the forearm, radial vein, brachial vein, axillary vein, subclavian vein, superior vena cava
  14. put the following vessels in the correct order starting from the heart:

    aorta, superior vena cava, right common carotid artery, capillaries in the brain, brachiocephalic vein, internal jugular vein, brachiocephalic artery
    aorta, brachiocephalic artery, right common carotid artery, internal jugular vein, capillaries in the brain, brachiocephalic vein, superior vena cava
  15. put the following vessels in the correct order starting from the heart:

    common iliac artery, capillaries in the foot, great saphenous vein, abdominal aorta, dorsal pedal vein, external iliac vein, aortic arch, external iliac artery, femoral artery, inferior vena cava, popliteal artery, dorsal pedal artery, throacic aorta, common iliac vein, anterior tibial artery
    aortic arch, thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta, common iliac artery, external iliac artery, femoral artery, popliteal artery, anterior tibial artery, doeasal pedal artery, capillaries in the foot, dorsal pedal vein, great saphenous vein, external iliac vein, common iliac vein, inferior vena cava
  16. The heart wall is made of three layers. The layer that lines the inner surface of the heart is called the:

    epicardium
    pericardium
    endocardium
    tunica interna
    myocardium
    endocardium
  17. Which of the following is a vessel that branches directly off the aortic arch?

    brachiocephalic vein
    right common carotid artery
    right subclavian artery
    internal jugular vein
    left subclavian artery
    left subclavian artery



  18. The left ventricle is labeled by the letter ____ in the image.


    A
    B
    C
    D
    A




  19. The papillary muscles are labeled by the letter ____ in the diagram.


    E
    F
    G
    H
    I
    G



  20. The internal jugular vein is labeled by the letter ____ in the image.

    L
    M
    N
    O
    P
    L



  21. The axillary artery is labeled by the letter ____ in the diagram.

    Q
    R
    S
    T
    U
    T
  22. Put the following vessels in the correct sequence of blood flow starting from the heart. [Note: some vessels in the sequence are missing.]

    common iliac vein
    popliteal artery
    inferior vena cava
    external iliac artery
    great saphenous vein
    abdominal aorta
    capillaries in toes
    • abdominal aorta
    • external iliac artery
    • popliteal artery
    • capillaries in toes
    • great saphenous vein
    • common iliac vein
    • inferior vena cava
  23. describe the differences between the human and cat anatomy:
    • human: has one more vessel from the arota, the brachialcephalic (R subclavian, R carotid), the L subclavian, and a separated supply for the L carotid
    • cat: does not have a separat supply for L carotid artery, it as the brachiocephalic and L subclavian arteries from the aorta only
  24. The first major artery that branches from the human aorta is the:

    left common carotid artery
    right common carotid artery
    brachiocephalic artery
    left subclavian artery
    right subclavian artery
    brachiocephalic artery
  25. The innermost layer of a blood vessel is called the:

    tunica media
    endocardium
    tunica interna
    epicardium
    tunica externa
    tunica interna
  26. Which of the following vessels is a branch from the celiac trunk? Choose ALL that apply.

    hepatic portal artery
    common hepatic artery
    right gastric artery
    splenic artery
    left gastric artery
    • common hepatic atery
    • splenic artery
    • left gastic artery
  27. Put the following vessels in the correct sequence of blood flow starting from the heart. [Note: some vessels in the sequence are missing.]

    heptic vein
    superior mesenteric vein
    abdominal aorta
    capillaries in liver
    inferior vena cava
    superior mesenteric artery
    heptic portal vein
    • abdominal aorta
    • superior mesenteric artery
    • superior mesenteric vein
    • heptic portal vein
    • capillaries in liver
    • heptic vein
    • inferior vena cava
  28. name the innermost layer of a blood vessel:
    tunica interna
  29. name the outermost layer of the heart wall:
    epicardium
  30. where does blood flowing through the pulmonary veins go next?
    left atrium
  31. blood flows through which valve to get into the left ventricle?
    left (bicuspid) AV valve
  32. the renal artery supplies which organ with blood?
    kidneys
  33. unlike humans, cats only have 2 major arteries that branch from the aortic arch. name the two arteries:
    • brachiocephelic artery
    • left subclavian artery
  34. put the following vessels in the correct sequence of blood flow starting with blood leaving the heart (labe 1-6)

    capillaries in the forearm
    cephalic vein
    axillary artery
    brachiocephalic vein
    subclavian artery
    radial artery
    • subclavian artery
    • axillary artery
    • radial artery
    • capillaries in the forearm
    • cephalic vein
    • brachiocephalic vein
  35. name the vein that drains the small intestine:
    superior mesenteric vein
  36. the common hepatic, left gastic, and splenic arteries all directly originate from what vessel?
    celiac trunk

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