Chapter 4 Tissues

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brianburke911
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132681
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Chapter 4 Tissues
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2012-02-03 23:02:05
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Tissues
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Notes from Barron
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  1. Groups of cells having similiar characteristics and performing realted functions.
    Tissue
  2. Four basic types of tissue
    • Epithelial
    • Connective
    • Muscle
    • Nervous
  3. Covers the body serfaces, lines its cavities, and forms the major portions of many human glands.
    Epithelial tissue or Epithelium
  4. Varied group of tissues composed of cells embedded within a network of fibers called a matrix.
    Connective tissue
  5. A network of fibers
    Matrix
  6. The material surrounding the cells within the matrix
    Ground substance
  7. Associated with movement in the body
    Muscle tissue
  8. Composed of cells adapted to receive and relay signals, respond to stimuli, and coordinate conscious and unconscious activities.
    Nervous tissue
  9. Exists at the body surface where it covers the skin and lines body organs such as the mouth, nose, and other cavities.
    Epithelial tissue
  10. Found as the lining of the respiratory, reproductive, and urinary tracts.
    Epithelial tissue
  11. The cells of this tissue divide by mitosis and one surface is usually free to face the air or fluid.
    Epithelial tissue
  12. Tissue that has no blood supply but is nourished by nutrients obtained from blood vessels in the underlying connective tissue.
    Epithelial tissue
  13. Tissue that is anchored to the connective tissue by an underlying basement membrane
    Epithelial tissue
  14. Consists of glycoproteins secreted secreted by epithelial cells and a meshwork of collagen fibers from the connective tissue
    Basement membrane
  15. Protein molecules linked to carbohydrate molecules
    Glycoprotein
  16. A junction that extends throughout the surface and around the perimeter of an epithelial cell. It seals it tightly to adjacent cells.
    Tight junction
  17. Junction formed by fusing the cell membranes of adjacent cells with interlocking membrane lipoproteins.
    Tight junction
  18. Junction with very little or no intercellular space.
    Tight junction
  19. A junction in which there is a submicroscopic space that seperates the opposing cell membranes, and intracellular keratin fibers anchor transmembrane glycoproteins that bind the cells together.
    Desmosome
  20. Desmosome
  21. Tight junction
  22. A junction that has tubular passageways and channels that exist between cells.
    Gap juction
  23. A juction that allows small ions and molecules to pass from cell to cell.
    Gap junction
  24. Type of juction found in smooth and cardiac mucsle. Epithelial tissue does not have this type of juction.
    Gap juction
  25. Gap junction
  26. Type of tissue whose function includes protecting the underlying tissues from such things as dehydration, mechanical irritation, toxic substances, and trauma.
    Epithelial tissue
  27. Simple Squamous
  28. Stratified Squamous
  29. Simple columnar
  30. Simple cuboidal
  31. Transitional Epithelium
  32. Pseudostratified columnar
  33. A function of this tissue is absorbing gases and nutrients, such as occurs in the lung and digestive system.
    Epithelial tissue
  34. A function of this tissue is to transport nutrients, fluids, mucus, and other particulate matter.
    Epithelial tissue
  35. A function of this tissue is to secrete cell products such as enzymes, sweat, and hormones.
    Epithelial tissue
  36. Epithelium that produces enzymes, sweat, and hormones.
    Glandular epithelium
  37. Epithelial tissue has flat cells
    Squamous cells
  38. Epithelial tissue with cube-shaped cells
    Cuboidal cells
  39. Epithelial tissue that has tall cylindrical cells
    Columnar cells
  40. Epithelial tissue that occurs in sheets consisting of a single layer
    Simple epithelium
  41. Epithelial tissue that consists of two or more layers of cells
    Stratified epithelium
  42. Epithelium tissue that appears to have more than one layer but is really a single sheet of cells having different heights (all cells touch the basement membrane
    Pseudostratified epithelium
  43. Epithelial tissue in which cells change shape in response to mechanical stretching.
    Transitional epithelium
  44. A single layer of flat cells
    Simple squamous epithelium
  45. Epithelium found in the lining of the blood and lymph vessels
    Endothelium
  46. Epithelium that lines the body cavities
    Mesothelium
  47. Consists of a single layer of cube-shaped cells having a central nucleus.
    Simple cuboidal epithelium
  48. Lines the gastointestinal tract and is found in the Fallopian tubes and uterus
    Simple columnar epithelium
  49. Consists of a single layer of tall cells having nuclei located close to the base of the cells
    Simple columnar epithelium
  50. Single-celled glands that occur in the columnar epithelium of the digestive tract (these secrete mucus)
    Goblet cells
  51. Lines the trachea and upper respiratory tract it is also associated with the male reproductive ducts and male urethra
    Pseudostratified columnar epithelium
  52. Consists of many cells with columnar cells at the base, cuboidal cells at the intermediary level, and squamous cells at the free surface.
    Stratified squamous epithelium
  53. This epitelium line the ducts of the sweat glands and also occurs in the tublules of the testis and ovarian follicles
    Stratified cuboidal epithelium
  54. Composed of layers of tall cells found along the lining of the male urethra also located where simple columnar epithelium meets stratified squamous epithelium (such as the pharynx and larynx)
    Stratified columnar epithelium
  55. Six to seven layers of round cells may be seen when relaxed and when distended cells appear to be flat
    Transitional epithelium
  56. This epithelial tissues functions are protection and absorption (it lines the blood vessels, lining of body cavities and part of kidney tubules)
    Simple squamous
  57. This epithelial tissues functions are secretions and protection (it is the secretory portion and ducts of some glands and is also part of the kidney tubules)
    Simple cuboidal
  58. This epithelial tissues functions are absoption, protection and secretion (lining of gastrointestinal tracts and ducts of some glands)
    Simple columnar
  59. This epithelial tissues functions are protection and secretion (lining of trachea, upper respiratory tract, and parts of male reproductive system)
    Pseudostratified columnar
  60. This epithelial tissues functions are protection, secretion, and some absorption (found in epidermis, lining of mouth, esophagus, and vagina)
    Stratified squamous
  61. This epithelial tissues function is protection (found in ducts of sweat glands)
    Stratified cuboidal
  62. This epithelial tissues function is protection (found in parts of the lining of male urethra)
    Stratified columnar
  63. This epithelial tissues function is protection (found in lining of ureter and urinary bladder)
    Transitional
  64. Specialized secretory epithelium of the glands
    Glandular epithelium
  65. Glands that secrete chemical regulators called hormones directly into the bloodstream
    Endocrine glands
  66. Glands that secrete enzymes and other products into ducts
    Exocrine glands
  67. Endocrine glands are often ducted or ductless?
    Ductless glands
  68. Exocrine glands are often ducted or ductless?
    Ducted glands
  69. Exocrine glands that are composed of one cell
    Unicellular glands
  70. Is a goblet cell unicellular or multicellular?
    Unicellular
  71. Glands that consist of numerous cells
    Multicellular glands
  72. Multicellular with ducts that do not branch
    Simple
  73. Multicellular gland in which secretions are given off into a straight line
    Tubular
  74. Multicellular gland in which secretions are given off into a straight line and the tube coils
    Coiled tubular
  75. Multicellular gland in which branches are present in the tubule
    Branched tubular
  76. multicellular gland in which the secretory unit is shaped like a sac with several sacs along a duct
    Branched acinar
  77. A multicellular gland is considered _______ if its duct branches
    Compound
  78. A multicellular compound gland is classified _________ if branched tubules are present.
    Tubular
  79. A multicellular compund gland is considered ______ if saclike.
    • Acinar (means saclike)
    • (acini=sacs)
  80. A multicellular compund gland is considered ______ if tubules and sacs are present
    Tubuloacinar
  81. Exocrine gland that produces a slimy, viscous mucus composed of polysaccharides and proteins
    Mucus-secreting glands
  82. What is produced by goblet cells as well as epithelial cells in the respiratory, urinary, and reproductive tracts?
    Mucus
  83. A type of exocrine gland that produces serous fluid (a watery protein that usually contains enzymes)
    Serous-secreting glands
  84. A type of exocrine gland that produces both mucus and serous fluid (example salivary glands)
    Seromucous glands
  85. A class of exocrine gland that has cells that remain intact during their secretion (example sweat glands and salivary glands)
    Merocrine glands
  86. A subdivision of merocrine glands in which the cells release their products through the cell membranes by exocytosis (examples ceruminous glands, mamary glands, and certain types of sweat glands)
    Aprocrine glands
  87. A class of exocrine gland that contains cells that break open to release the secretion, and thereby release the entire cell (example sebaceous glands in the skin)
    Holocrine glands
  88. Structure formed in the body when a sheet of epithelium and its underlying connective tissue join.
    Membrane
  89. Membrane that line the surfaces of passageways leading to the outside of the body.
    Mucous membrane
  90. In the membrane layer which layer is close to the surface?
    Epithelium
  91. In the membrane layer which layer is a connective tissue that supports the epitelium and is rich in blood?
    Lamina propia
  92. In the membrane layer which layer is the deepest?
    Muscularis mucosae
  93. Membrane that lines the body cavities and covers the surfaces of organs in the ventral cavities
    Serous membranes
  94. Pleura, pericardium, and peritoneum are what type of membrane
    Serous membrane

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