AP World- Ch. 9 Vocab

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butterfly67664
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132718
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AP World- Ch. 9 Vocab
Updated:
2012-02-03 21:45:35
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AP World Vocab
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  1. Hagia Sophia
    New Church constructed in Constantinople during reign of Justinian.
  2. Belisarius
    One of Justinian’s most important military commanders during period of reconquest of Western Europe; commanded in north Africa and Italy.
  3. Greek Fire
    Byzantine weapon consisting of mixture of chemicals that ignited when exposed to water; utilized to drive back the Arab fleets that attacked Constantinople
  4. Bulgaria
    Slavic kingdom established in northern portions on Balkan peninsula; constant source of pressure on Byzantine Empire; defeated by Emperor Basil II in 1014.
  5. Iconoclasm
    Religious controversy within the Byzantine Empire during the 8th century; emperor attempted to suppress veneration of icons; literally “breaking of images”; after long struggle it was restored
  6. Cyril
    Along with Methodius, missionary sent by Byzantine government to eastern Europe and Balkans; created the written script of Cyrillic.
  7. Methodius
    Accompanied Cyril- missionary sent by Byzantine government to eastern Europe and Balkans; created the written script of Cyrillic.
  8. Kiev
    Trade city in southern Russia established by Scandinavian traders in 9th century; became focal point for kingdom of Russia that flourished to 12 century.
  9. Rurik
    Regarded as founder of the 1st kingdom of Russia based in Kiev in 855 C.E
  10. Vladimir I
    Ruler of Russian kingdom of Kiev from 980- 1025, converted kingdom to Christianity
  11. Russian Orthodox
    Russian form of Christianity imported from the Byzantine Empire and combined with local religion
  12. Boyars
    Russian Aristocrats; possessed less political power than did their counterparts in western Europe.
  13. Tatars
    Russian name for Mongols

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