Card Set Information
Music History 330 test notes
Music History 330 test notes
Viderunt Omnes by Léonin: From what book does this piece come?
Magnus Liber Organi
Viderunt Omnes by Léonin: Define florid organum
Made from syllabic/neumatic solo chant, no rhythm, many notes in upper voice for every note in tenor
Viderunt Omnes by Léonin: Define discant polyphony
Made from melismatic solo chant, has rhythm, note-against-note.
Viderunt Omnes by Léonin: Name three ways that this piece is typical of the Notre Dame polyphony
Florid organum and discant poluphone, much dionance and syncopation, written above original chant.
Viderunt Omnes by Léonin: Give a day for it's composition
1175, but it appeared in the Magnus Liber Organi in 1240
Define Ars Nova
A treatise written by Phillippe Vitry
ABaAabAB, French, 1 of the 3 frome fixes. Machaut
Define the Proper
Part of the mass that changed daily Intro, Gradual, Alleluia, "sequence," offertory, communion. Léonin and Pérotin
Define the Rhythmic Modes
System created by Léonin and Pérotin during Notre Dame school in Paris.
1) Quarter-Eighth. 2) Eighth-Quarter. 3) Dotted Quarter-Eighth-Quarter. 4) Eighth-Quarter-Dotted Quarter. 5) Three Dotter Quarters. 6) Three Eighths
French, in forme fixes, musical rhyme, aab, Philippus de Casetra, melismatic
Trobadour song, fin'amor, Conterrs de Dia/Bernart de Ventadorn
Added later to litergy after the alleluia. Wipo of Burgundy
Long sections of repeated rhythm. Talea - Repeated rhythmic and mandatory for isorhythm. Color - repeated melodic patterns and is NOT mandatory for isorhythm.
Name one piece and it's composer that we studied in class that uses isorhythm.
Vitry- In arboris/Tuba sacre fedei/rigor sum
Machaut- La messe de notre Dame
Name two musical characteristics of Trouadours, Trobairitz, and/or Trouvere music
About fin'amor, no rhythm, strophic, monophonis, French
Where and when were the Troubadours and Trouveres active?
: 1100-1215 in Southern France
: 1180-1300 in Northern France
Two books of the Mass
Graduale and the Missle
Two books of the office
Antiphonale and the Breviary
Three kinds of additions to the Liturgy
Prosula, Melodia, and Trope
Addition of text and music
Addition of music only
Addition of text only
What are the three styles of Italian secular music?
Madrigal, Ballata, and the Caccia.
Describe the Madrigal and provide an example
Flourished thoughout the 14th C. Abb. No musical rhyme. The b section is called the ritarnello, it's in a different meter, and has a closed ending. Von al sue Amante by Jacopo de Bologna.
Describe a Ballata and provide an example
Flourished in the second half of the 14th C. AbbaA. THe be section has an open ending and then a closed ending. Written in Italian. Melismatic. Non Avrà Ma' Pietà by Fransesco Landini.
Describe a Caccia and provide an example
No official form. Two parts. The b section is called a ritanello. A strict canon. Melismatic. Flourished 1325-1375. Tosto Che L'alba by Gherardello de Firenze.