Functional Assessment

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Functional Assessment
2012-02-06 15:59:46
Key Terms

Essentials of Nursing Care: Chronicity
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  1. Accommodation
    The ability to use one's cognitive processes to solve previously unsolvable problems.
  2. Active neglect
    Neglect that is carried out on propose.
  3. Adaptation
    The ability to handle the demands made by the environment.
  4. Amblyopia
    Reduced visual acuity in one eye.
  5. Assimilation
    The ability to respond to new information by using the strategies one already possesses; this allows for acquistion of knowledge and skills
  6. Biophysical development
    A term used to describe various theories that rely on established norms to describe and predict the development of the physical body.
  7. Child maltreatment
    A broad category used to encompass all forms of intentional abuse against a child.
  8. Child neglect
    A form of maltreatment that is associated with depriving a child of basic needs such as food, shelter, clothing, and medical care.
  9. Cognitive development
    Development of the ways in which a person thinks; this includes problem solving, reasoning, and communicating.
  10. colic
    Paroxysmal abdominal pain during infancy, which generally causesaffected infants to cry and draw their legs up to their abdomen.
  11. conscious mind
    One of the three levels of personality proposed by Freud; this levelcontains readily available information.
  12. defense mechanisms
    Various processes used by the ego to defend a person from daily assaults; examples include repression, projection, regression, andrationalization.
  13. delirium
    An acute and reversible impairment of cognitive function
  14. dementia
    The progressive loss of cognitive function
  15. development
    Changes in behavior over time.
  16. ego
    One of the three parts of the human personality proposed by Freud;this component balances the demands of the id and the restrictions ofthe superego in order to meet the realities of a situation.
  17. elder maltreatment
    A broad category used to encompass all forms of intentional abuseagainst older adults, including physical, emotional, sexual, andfinancial abuse and violation of an elder’s civil rights
  18. erogenous zone
    A location where sexual pleasure is experienced most intensely.
  19. failure to thrive (FTT)
    A term used to describe inadequate growth resulting from an infant’sinability to obtain or use the calories necessary for growth to occur.
  20. growth
    Physical change that can be quantifiably measured.
  21. Healthy People 2010 (HP 2010)
    A publication of the United States Department of Health and HumanServices that provides information and knowledge about how toimprove health in a format that enables diverse groups to combinetheir efforts.
  22. id
    One of the three parts of the human personality proposed by Freud;this component is centered on seeking pleasure and avoiding pain.
  23. idiopathic failure to thrive
    A form of non-organic failure to thrive that is unexplained byorganic or environmental etiologies.
  24. moral development
    The process by which a person’s moral behavior changes as he orshe ages; during this process, the person also hones the ability to distinguish between what should and should not be done.
  25. non-organicfailure to thrive (NFTT)
    Failure to thrive that results from a cause that is unrelated to disease;this condition is often the result of psychosocial factors.
  26. organic failure tothrive
    Failure to thrive as a result of a physical cause, such as AIDS,chronic renal failure, heart conditions, or neurological lesions.
  27. passive neglect
    Any situation in which the abuser is not aware that neglect is occurring.
  28. physical abuse
    The deliberate infliction of physical injury on a child by either aparent or a caregiver.
  29. preconscious
    One of the three levels of personality proposed by Freud; this levelacts as the intermediary between a person’s unconscious andconscious minds.
  30. psychosexual theory
    A theory of psychosocial development proposed by Sigmund Freud;this theory is based on the underlying assumption that people aresexual beings from the time of birth onward, and their sexual desiresaffect their behavior.
  31. psychosocial development
    The development of an individual’s personality, which is an outwardexpression of his or her inner self.