Comps/Praxis Review

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Comps/Praxis Review
2012-02-04 22:27:13

SLP Review
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  1. The branch of linguistics that studies language and its relationship to culture and society.
  2. Word meaning is stores 2 ways what are they?
    Episodic memory & Semantic Memory
  3. Word meaning that is stored long term, specific activity from ones life, overall experience is
    Episodic memory
  4. Word meaning that contains specific details within the episode, referred to as general world knowledge
    Semantic memory
  5. What are the 3 models of organizing categories?
    Semantic networks, semantic features, prototype theory
  6. The model of organizng categories that involve heirarchal, connected by nodes, top=most vague, bottom=most specific is called?
    Semantic Networks
  7. The model of organizing categories whereby word meaning is composed by semantic features. Defining features=core, basic, essential to the meaning. Characteristic features=more specific
    Semantic features
  8. The model of organizing categories whereby a protype, best defining example of a concept is used. We tend to learn most typical representation earlier. It consists of both defining and characteristic features
    Prototype Theory
  9. What type of verb accepts object following (ex: drink, hit, eat)
    transitive verb
  10. What type of verb does not accept object following (ex: run, sleep)
    Intransitive verb
  11. What type of task involves real time performance (reading times, eye tracking movements)
    online task
  12. What type of task assesses using indirect measures (memory tasks)
    offline task
  13. What are 2 types of processing theories
    Full listing & Stem only
  14. This is used to break down words you don't understand
    affix stripping
  15. use morphological changes to change meaning. Syntax and morphology work together to create correct sentence.
  16. morpheme=
  17. syntax=
    word order
  18. study of word structure
  19. the particular word order used in each language
  20. same sound ( knight/night)
  21. same symbol (lead/lead)
  22. many meanings (rock/rock)
  23. experiences bias your thinking in a certain direction
    socio pragmatic effect
  24. Content Words
    Lexical Morpheme
  25. type of morpheme that adds meaning to the sentence ex: -s
  26. Type of morpheme that can stand alone
    Free (lexical- "go" "house", grammatical "at", "who")
  27. type of morpheme that is all grammatical (plural s) and can not stand alone
  28. type of morpheme that includes, plural(s), possessive ('s), present, past (ed) , past participle (ed), present participle, comparative (er) and superlative (est)
    inflectional morpheme
  29. type of morpheme that changes the meaning or syntatic category of a word (Ex: Atypical--> typical (changes meaning);normal(adj.)-->normalize(verb);girl (noun0-->girlish(adj)
    derivational morpheme
  30. Grammatically limited utterances secondary to brain damage. Morphosyntaxtic deficits, similar to SLI
  31. Type of dyxlexia that can occur as a result of a stroke
    acquired dyslexia
  32. Type of dyslexia that involves imparied phonological route (indirect), low frequency words are imparied, assess using non-words b/c they have trouble in this area
    Phonological Dyslexia
  33. Type of dyslexia that involves impaired phonological route (indirect), trouble with low frequency words but can go into their lexicon and retrieve words within the category, problems with bound morphemes, circumlocutions
    deep dyslexia
  34. Type of dyslexia that involves impaired visual route (Direct) can read regular high frequency words, problem with irregular high frequency words, they regularize everything (high and low frequency). Ex: is-land
    visual/surface dyslexia