AP World- Ch.18 Vocab

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AP World- Ch.18 Vocab
2012-02-04 23:26:01
AP World Vocab

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  1. Ivan III
    Also known as Ivan the Great; prince of Duchy of Moscow; claimed descent from Rurik; responsible for freeing Russia from Mongols after 1462; took title of tsar or Caesar–equivalent of emperor.
  2. Ivan IV (the Terrible)
    Also known as Ivan the Terrible; confirmed power of tsarist autocracy by attacking authority of boyars (aristocrats); continued policy of Russian expansion; established contacts with Western European commerce and culture.
  3. Boyars
    Russian aristocrats; possessed less political power than did their counterparts in western Europe
  4. Time of Troubles
    Followed death of Ivan IV without heir early in 17th century; boyars attempted to use vacuum of power to reestablish their authority; ended with selection of Michael Romanov as tsar in 1613
  5. Romanov Dynasty
    Dynasty elected in 1613 at end of Time of Troubles; ruled Russia until 1917.
  6. Alexis Romanov
    Second Romanov tsar; abolished assemblies of nobles; gained new powers over Russian Orthodox church
  7. Peter I (the Great)
    Also known as Peter the Great; son of Alexis Romanov; ruled from 1689 to 1725; continued growth of absolutism and conquest; included more definite interest in changing selected aspects of economy and culture through imitation of
  8. Catherine the Great
    German-born Russian tsarina in the 18th century; ruled after assassination of her husband; gave appearance of enlightened rule; accepted Western cultural influence; maintained nobility as service aristocracy by granting them new power over peasantry
  9. partition of Poland
    Three separate divisions of Polish territory among Russia, Prussia, and Austria in 1772, 1793, and 1795; eliminated Poland as independent state; part of expansion of Russian influence in Eastern Europe