Chapter 1/lifespan development
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What is development as a science?
Development refers to changes over time in structure, thought, or behavior of a person due to both biological and enviornmental influences. Nature vs nurture. Life span is from conception to death.
What are the 3 ways in which the development changes over time?
- Structure - growth from infant to elderly adult
- Thoughts - the way a 3 year old thinks is not what a 21 year old thinks
- Behavior - behavior at 3 should not be the way you behave at 21
What is the development as a science?
- Development refers to changes over time in structure, thought, or behavior of a person due to both biological and enviornmental influences.
- It is nature + nuture, not nature vs. nuture
What is lifespan?
changes in an individual over time from conception to death
What are the 3 Historical views of development?
- The good: innate goodness theory, flawless, innately goos, perfect.
- The bad: Origional sin theory, children start off bad, must be trained to be good.
- The neutral: Tabula Rasa Theory, blank slate, neutral, become good or bad depending on experiences.
The "good" of historical views of development?
- The good: innate goodness theory
- newborns are flawless, innately good, nothing is wrong with a newborn, inheritily good, perfect from the start.
The "bad" of historical views of development?
- The bad: original sin theory
- children start off as bad
- they don't do the right thing naturally
- kids hit and bite and yell "mine"
- must be trained to be good
- train morality and goodness
the "neutral" historical views of development
- the neutral: tabula rasa theory
- tabula rasa = means blank slate
- empty and becomes good or bad depending on experiences that we scribe onto their life
What is the multimodal model of development?
many ways a person develops
systems, (mode) way, path we develop
What are the 6 areas of the multimodal model?
- physical: growth, hearing, senses
- cognitive: thinking, understanding, problem solving
- social: relationships, sharing, dating
- emotional: FLASH, response to situations
- spiritual: Who I know God as, beliefs
- existential: Who I am, meaning of being
What us the "physical" part of multimodal model?
body size, senses, growth, hair, hearing, walking, height, weight, sensation of touch, taste
What is the "cognitive" part of multimodal model
thinking, understanding, problem solving, perception, memory, imagination, use toys properly, mimic, obedience, speech content, categorization
What is the "social" part of multimodal model
our relationships with others, sharing toys, the way they talk, dating, friends
What are the 5 basic emotions of the "emotional" multimodal model?
- fear, love, anger, sad, happy
- empathy, appropriate response to situations, facial expressions, anger management, temper tantrum to not getting their way.
What are "spiritual" practices or development or the multimodal model?
prayer, PK, fasting, faith belief system, medatation, charity, self sacrifice, altruism, morality, volunteering, your faith alone
What is the "spiritual" part of development of multimodal model
- who I know God as, beliefs do not stay stagnant
- prayer, fasting, charity, medatation, self sacrifice, altruism
What is the "existential" part of multimodal model
who I know myself to be, meaning of being, college, development into adults, clothing styles, divorce, extracurricular
What are the 3 Interacting factors of lifespan?
genetics = (inherited factors) what you get from your parents
enviornment = family, culture, race, religion, society
timing and readiness = learning x maturation
what is learning
learning is a process through which the enviornment causes lasting changes in behavior
what is maturation
is growth according to genetic plan
What are the 4 parts of genetic engineering?
- eugenics: selective breeding
- sperm bank: men deposit, women withdrawl
- test-tube (in vitro) fertilization: egg fertilized with sperm outside mom's body, then implanted
- cloning: Nucleus stimulated to produce a identical being
What is eugenics?
- selective breeding
- i.e. featherless chickens, Hitler breeding
What is a Sperm bank?
where you can go and get sperm
What is test-tube fertilization
- (sperm and egg combined) the zygote is implanted into mom
- AKA invitro
- invivo is in real life
What is cloning
nucleus is stimulated to produce a identical being
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