Chapter 1/lifespan development

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Author:
lkorkowski
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132996
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Chapter 1/lifespan development
Updated:
2012-03-10 11:54:04
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Kitrell
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Life span
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  1. What is development as a science?
    Development refers to changes over time in structure, thought, or behavior of a person due to both biological and enviornmental influences. Nature vs nurture. Life span is from conception to death.
  2. What are the 3 ways in which the development changes over time?
    • Structure - growth from infant to elderly adult
    • Thoughts - the way a 3 year old thinks is not what a 21 year old thinks
    • Behavior - behavior at 3 should not be the way you behave at 21
  3. What is the development as a science?
    • Development refers to changes over time in structure, thought, or behavior of a person due to both biological and enviornmental influences.
    • It is nature + nuture, not nature vs. nuture
  4. What is lifespan?
    changes in an individual over time from conception to death
  5. What are the 3 Historical views of development?
    • The good: innate goodness theory, flawless, innately goos, perfect.
    • The bad: Origional sin theory, children start off bad, must be trained to be good.
    • The neutral: Tabula Rasa Theory, blank slate, neutral, become good or bad depending on experiences.
  6. The "good" of historical views of development?
    • The good: innate goodness theory
    • newborns are flawless, innately good, nothing is wrong with a newborn, inheritily good, perfect from the start.
  7. The "bad" of historical views of development?
    • The bad: original sin theory
    • children start off as bad
    • they don't do the right thing naturally
    • kids hit and bite and yell "mine"
    • must be trained to be good
    • train morality and goodness
  8. the "neutral" historical views of development
    • the neutral: tabula rasa theory
    • tabula rasa = means blank slate
    • empty and becomes good or bad depending on experiences that we scribe onto their life
  9. What is the multimodal model of development?
    many ways a person develops

    systems, (mode) way, path we develop
  10. What are the 6 areas of the multimodal model?
    • physical: growth, hearing, senses
    • cognitive: thinking, understanding, problem solving
    • social: relationships, sharing, dating
    • emotional: FLASH, response to situations
    • spiritual: Who I know God as, beliefs
    • existential: Who I am, meaning of being
  11. What us the "physical" part of multimodal model?
    body size, senses, growth, hair, hearing, walking, height, weight, sensation of touch, taste
  12. What is the "cognitive" part of multimodal model
    thinking, understanding, problem solving, perception, memory, imagination, use toys properly, mimic, obedience, speech content, categorization
  13. What is the "social" part of multimodal model
    our relationships with others, sharing toys, the way they talk, dating, friends
  14. What are the 5 basic emotions of the "emotional" multimodal model?
    • FLASH
    • fear, love, anger, sad, happy
    • empathy, appropriate response to situations, facial expressions, anger management, temper tantrum to not getting their way.
  15. What are "spiritual" practices or development or the multimodal model?
    prayer, PK, fasting, faith belief system, medatation, charity, self sacrifice, altruism, morality, volunteering, your faith alone
  16. What is the "spiritual" part of development of multimodal model
    • who I know God as, beliefs do not stay stagnant
    • prayer, fasting, charity, medatation, self sacrifice, altruism
  17. What is the "existential" part of multimodal model
    who I know myself to be, meaning of being, college, development into adults, clothing styles, divorce, extracurricular
  18. What are the 3 Interacting factors of lifespan?
    genetics = (inherited factors) what you get from your parents

    enviornment = family, culture, race, religion, society

    timing and readiness = learning x maturation
  19. what is learning
    learning is a process through which the enviornment causes lasting changes in behavior
  20. what is maturation
    is growth according to genetic plan
  21. What are the 4 parts of genetic engineering?
    • eugenics: selective breeding
    • sperm bank: men deposit, women withdrawl
    • test-tube (in vitro) fertilization: egg fertilized with sperm outside mom's body, then implanted
    • cloning: Nucleus stimulated to produce a identical being
  22. What is eugenics?
    • selective breeding
    • i.e. featherless chickens, Hitler breeding
  23. What is a Sperm bank?
    where you can go and get sperm
  24. What is test-tube fertilization
    • (sperm and egg combined) the zygote is implanted into mom
    • AKA invitro
    • invivo is in real life
  25. What is cloning
    nucleus is stimulated to produce a identical being

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