ExerciseTesting1

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DrewRosenzweig
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132998
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ExerciseTesting1
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2012-02-05 16:37:59
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Exercise testing vocab ch1
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Exercise Testing and Prescription Ch1
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  1. Physical Activity
    any bodily movement produced by the conraction of skeletal muscles that increases energy expenditure above a basal level and enhances health.
  2. Aerobic Training
    Training that improves the efficiency of the aerobic energy-producing systems and that can improve cardiorespiratory endurance.
  3. Agility
    a skill-related component of physical fitness that relates to the abiity to rapidly change the position of the entire body in space, with speed and accuracy.
  4. Anaerobic Training
    Training that improves the efficiency of the anaerobic energy-producing systems and that can increase muscular strength and tolerance for acid-base imbalances during high-intensity effort.
  5. Balance
    a skill-related component of physical fitness that relates to the maintenance of equilibrium while either stationary or in motion.
  6. Body Composition
    a health-related component of physical fitness that relates to the relative amounts of muscle, fat bone, and other vital body tissues.
  7. Calorimetry
    Methods (indirect and direct) used to calculate the rate and quantity of energy expenditure when the body is at rest and during physical exertion.
  8. Direct Calorimetry
    a method that gauges the body's rate and quantity of energy production by direct measurement of the body's heat production. Uses a calorimeter.
  9. Indirect Calorimetry
    a method of estimating energy expenditure by measuring respiratory gases; given that the amount of O2 and CO2 exchanged in the lungs normally equals that used and released by body tissues, caloric expenditure can be meausured by CO2 production and O2 consumption.
  10. Cardiorespiratory Endurance (cardiorespiratory fitness)
    a health-related component of physical fitness that relates to the ability of the circulatory and respiratory systems to supply oxygen during sustained physical activity.
  11. Coordination
    a skill-related component of physical fitness that relates to the ability to use the senses, such as sight and hearing, together with body parts, in performing motor tasks smoothly and accurately.
  12. Detraining
    changes the body undergoes in response to a reduction or cessation of regular physical training.
  13. Endurance Training and Endurance Activities
    repetitive aerobic use of large muscles (e.g., walking, bicycling, swimming).
  14. Exercise (exercise training)
    planned, structured, and repetitive bodily movement done to improve or maintain one or more components of physical fitness.
  15. Flexibility
    a health-related component of physical fitness that relates to the range of motion available at a joint.
  16. Kilocalorie (kcal)
    a measurement of energy: 1 kilocalorie = 1 calorie = 4,184 joules = 4.184 kilojoules.
  17. Kilojoule (kjoule or kj)
    a measurement of energy: 4.184 kilojoules = 4,184 joules = 1 calorie = 1 kilocalorie.
  18. Maximal Heart Rate (HRmax)
    the highest heart rate value attainable during an all-out effort to the point of exhaustion.
  19. Maximal Heart Rate Reserve
    the difference between maximal heart rate and resting heart rate.
  20. Maximal Oxygen Uptake (VO2max)
    the maximal capacity for oxygen consumption by the body during maximal exertion; also known as aerobic power, maximal oxygen consumption, and cardiorespiratory endurance capacity.
  21. Metabolic Equivalent of Task (MET)
    a unity used to estimate the metabolic cost (oxygen consumption) of physical activity, 1 MET equals the resting metabolic rate of approximately 3.5 ml O2 per kilogram of body weight per minute.
  22. Muscular Endurance
    the ability of the muscle to continue to perform without fatigue.
  23. Physical Activity
    bodily movement that is produced by the contraction of skeletal muscle and that substantially increases energy expenditure.
  24. Physical Fitness
    a set of attributes that people have or achieve, which relates to the ability to perform physical activity. The components fall into two categories, health related and skill related.
  25. Power
    a skill-related component of physical fitness that relates to the rate at which one can perform work. (strength over time)
  26. Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE)
    a person's subjective assessment of how hard he or she is working; the Borg scale is a numerical scale for rating perceived exertion.
  27. Reaction Time
    a skill-related component of physical fitness that relates to the time elapsed between a stimulus and the beginning of the reaction to it.
  28. Resistance Training
    training designed to increase strength, power and muscle endurance.
  29. Resting Heart Rate
    the heart rate at rest, averaging 60 to 80 beats per minute.
  30. Retraining
    recovery of conditioning after a period of inactivity.
  31. Speed
    a skill-related component of physical fitness relating to the ability to perform a movement within a short period of time.
  32. Strength
    the ability of the muscle to exert force.
  33. Training Heart Rate (THR)
    a heart rate goal established by using the heart rate equivalent to a selected training level (percentage of VO2max). For example, if a training level of 75% VO2max is desired, the VO2max at 75% is determined and the heart rate corresponding to this VO2 is selected as the THR.
  34. Skill-Related Fitness Components
    • 1. Agility
    • 2. Balance
    • 3. Coordination
    • 4. Speed
    • 5. Power
    • 6. Reaction Time
  35. Health-Related Fitness Components
    • 1. Cardiorespiratory Endurance
    • 2. Body Composition
    • 3. Musculoskeletal Fitness
    • a. flexibility
    • b. muscular strength
    • c. muscular endurance
  36. Based on the information of this chapter, which activity listed scores highest in the development of all five of the measurable elements of health-related physical fitness?
    A) Baseball
    B) Bowling
    C) Rowing
    D) Running
    E) Badminton
    C) Rowing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. _____ is physical activity that is planned for purposes of improving health.
    A) Physical Fitness
    B) Aerobics
    C) Exercise
    D) Work
    C) Exercise
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Musculoskeletal fitness has three components, including flexibility, muscular strength, and _____.
    A) coordination
    B) speed
    C) cardiovascular endurance
    D) muscular endurance
    E) agility
    D) muscular endurance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. _____ has been defined as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that results in energy expenditure.
    A) Flexibility
    B) Physical Activity
    C) Muscular endurance
    D) Body Composition
    E) Power
    B) Physical Activity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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