Medical Terminology Ch 16

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raptors4321
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133094
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Medical Terminology Ch 16
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2012-02-18 19:05:15
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Skin
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The Language of Medicine Chapter 16 Skin
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  1. adipocyte
    fat cell
  2. Person with skin deficient in pigment
    (melanin).
    albino
  3. One of the large dermal exocrine glands located in the axilla and genital areas. It secretes sweat that, in action with bacteria, is responsible for human body odor.
    apocrine sweat gland
  4. Deepest region of the epidermis; it gives rise to all the epidermal cells.
    basal layer
  5. Structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue.
    collagen
  6. Band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate.
    cuticle
  7. Middle layer of the skin.
    dermis
  8. Most numerous sweat-producing exocrine gland in the skin.
    eccrine sweat gland
  9. Outermost layer of the skin.
    epidermis
  10. Layer of skin cells forming the outer and inner surfaces of the body.
    epithelium
  11. Sac within which each hair grows.
    hair follicle
  12. The skin and its accessory structures such as hair and nails.
    integumentary system
  13. Hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails.
    keratin – Keratin means “horn” and commonly is found in the horns of animals.
  14. The half-moon-shaped, whitish area at the base of a nail.
    lunula
  15. Major skin pigment. It is formed by melanocytes in the epidermis.
    melanin
  16. Soft tissue surrounding the nail border.
    paronychium
  17. Tiny opening on the surface of the skin.
    pore
  18. Oil-secreting gland in the dermis that is associated with hair follicles.
    sebaceous gland
  19. Oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands.
    sebum
  20. Flat, scale-like cells composing the epidermis.
    squamous epithelium
  21. Arranged in layers.
    stratified
  22. A layer (of cells)
    stratum (plural: strata)
  23. Outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened, keratinized cells.
    stratum corneum
  24. Innermost layer of the skin, containing fat tissue.
    subcutaneous layer
  25. adip/o
    fat
  26. albin/o
    white
  27. caus/o
    burn, burning
  28. cauter/o
    heat, burn
  29. cutane/o
    skin
  30. derm/o
    dermat/o
    skin
  31. diaphor/o
    profuse sweating
  32. erythem/o
    erythemat/o
    redness
  33. hidr/o
    sweat
  34. ichthy/o
    dry, scaly (fish-like)
  35. kerat/o
    hard
  36. leuk/o
    white
  37. lip/o
    fat
  38. melan/o
    black
  39. myc/o
    fungus (fungi include yeast, molds, and mushrooms)
  40. onych/o
    nail
  41. phyt/o
    plant
  42. pil/o
    hair, hair folllicle
  43. py/o
    pus
  44. rhytid/o
    wrinkle
  45. seb/o
    sebum (oily secretion from sebaceous glands)
  46. squam/o
    scale-like
  47. steat/o
    fat
  48. trich/o
    hair
  49. ungu/o
    nail
  50. xanth/o
    yellow
  51. xer/o
    dry
  52. anthrac/o
    black (as coal)
  53. chlor/o
    green
  54. cirrh/o
    tawny yellow
  55. cyan/o
    blue
  56. eosin/o
    rosy
  57. erythr/o
    red
  58. jaund/o
    yellow
  59. lute/o
    yellow
  60. poli/o
    gray
  61. Collection of dried serum and cellular debris.
    crust
  62. Wearing away or loss of epidermis.
    erosion
  63. Groove or crack-like sore.
    fissure
  64. Flat lesion measuring less than 1 cm in diameter.
    macule
  65. Solid, round or oval elevated lesion 1 cm or more in diameter.
    nodule
  66. Small (less than 1 cm in diameter), solid elevation of the skin.
    papule
  67. Growth extending from the surface of mucous membrane.
    polyp
  68. Papule containing pus.
    pustule
  69. Open sore on the skin or mucous membranes (deeper than an erosion).
    ulcer
  70. decubitus ulcers
    bedsores
  71. Small collection (papule) of clear fluid (serum); blister.
    vesicle
  72. Smooth, edematous (swollen) papule or plaque that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin.
    wheal
  73. Absence of hair from areas where it normally grows.
    alopecia
  74. Bluish-purplish mark (bruise) on the skin.
    • ecchymosis
    • ecchymoses
  75. Small, pinpoint hemorrhage.
    • petechia
    • petechiae
  76. itching
    pruritus
  77. Accute allergic reaction in which red, round wheals develop on the skin.
    urticaria (hives)
  78. Chronic popular and pustular eruption of the skin with increased production of sebum.
    acne
  79. vulgaris
    ordinary
  80. Injury to tissues caused by heat contact.
    burns
  81. Diffuse, acute infection of the skin marked by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling.
    cellulitis
  82. Inflammatory skin disease with erythematous, papulovesicular lesions.
    eczema
  83. Rash (exanthema) of the skin due to a viral infection.
    exanthematous viral diseases
  84. Death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply.
    gangrene
  85. Bacterial inflammatory skin disease characterized by vesicles, pustules, and crusted-over lesions.
    impetigo
  86. Chronic, recurrent dermatosis marked by itchy, scaly, red plaques covered by silvery gray scales.
    psoriasis
  87. Contagious, parasitic infection of the skin with intense pruritus.
    scabies
  88. Chronic progressive disease of the skin and internal organs with hardening and shrinking of connective tissue.
    scleroderma
  89. Chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of collagen in skin, joints, and internal organs.
    systemic lupus erythmatusos (SLE)
  90. Infection of the skin caused by a fungus.
    tinea
  91. Photosensitive, scaling, plaque-like, superficial eruption of the skin confined to the face, scalp, ears, chest, arms, and back, which heals with scarring.
    discoid lupus erythmatosus (DLE)
  92. tinea pedis
    athlete's foot
  93. Loss of pigment (depigmnentation) in areas of the skin (milk-white patches).
    vitiligo
  94. Increased growth of cells in the keratin layer of the epidermis caused by pressure or friction.
    callus
  95. Hypertrophied, thickened scar developing after trauma or surgical incision.
    keloid
  96. Normal scar left by a healed wound.
    cicatrix
  97. Thickened and rough lesion of the epidermis; associated with aging or skin damage.
    keratosis
  98. White, thickened patches on mucous membrane tissue of the tongue or cheek.
    leukoplakia
  99. Pigmented lesion of the skin.
    nevus, nevi (moles)
  100. Epidermal growth (wart) caused by a virus.
    verruca
  101. Malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis.
    basal cell carcinoma
  102. Malignant tumor of the squamous epithelial cells in the epidermis.
    squamous cell carcinoma
  103. Cancerous growth composed of melanocytes.
    malignant melanoma
  104. Malignant, vascular, neoplastic growth characterized by cutaneous nodules.
    Kaposi sarcoma
  105. Samples of skin are examined for presence of microorganisms.
    bacterial analyses
  106. Fluid that accumulates.
    exudates
  107. pus-filled
    purulent
  108. Scrapings from the skin lesions, hair specimens, or nail clippings are sent to a laboratory for culture and microscopic examination.
    fungal tests
  109. Use of subfreezing temperature via liquid nitrogen application to destroy tissue.
    crysosurgery
  110. Use of a sharp dermal curette to scrape away a skin lesion.
    curettage
  111. Tissue is destroyed by burning with an electric spark.
    electrodesiccation
  112. Thin layers of malignant tissue are removed, and each is examined under a microscope to check for adequate extent of the resection.
    Mohs micrographic surgery. Also known as microscopically controlled surgery.
  113. Suspected malignant skin lesions are removed and examined microscopically by a pathologist.
    skin biopsy
  114. Substances are injected intradermally or applied to the skin, and results are observed.
    skin test
  115. Bx
    biopsy
  116. SC
    subcutaneous
  117. ABCDE
    • Asymmetry (of shape);
    • Border (irregularity);
    • Color (variation within one lesion);
    • Diameter (greater than 6 mm);
    • Evolution (change).
    • Characteristics associated with melanoma

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