Nursing

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Author:
nikkinelson
ID:
133128
Filename:
Nursing
Updated:
2012-02-12 17:48:12
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nursing abbreviation
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prefixes, roots, suffixes
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  1. a, an
    without, not, lack of

    analgesic= without pain
  2. ante
    before, in front of

    antepartum before delivery
  3. bi
    two, twice, double

    bifocal= two lenses
  4. brady
    slow

    bradycardia= slow pulse, heartbeat
  5. contra
    against

    contraceptive= prevents pregnancy
  6. dis
    apart, free from

    disinfected= free from microorganisms
  7. dys
    bad, painful

    dysurea= painful urination
  8. endo
    inner

    endoscope= instrument for examining the inside of an organ
  9. epi
    on, upon, over

    epidermis= outer layer of skin
  10. erythro
    red

    erythrocyte= red blood cell
  11. ex
    out, away from

    exhale= to breathe out
  12. hemi
    half

    hemisphere= one of two parts of the brain
  13. hyper
    too much, high

    hypertension= high blood pressure
  14. hypo
    below, under

    hypotension= low blood pressure
  15. inter
    between, within

    interdisciplinary= between disciplines
  16. leuk
    white

    leukocyte= white blood cell
  17. mal
    bad, illness, disorder

    malformed=badly made
  18. micro
    small

    microscopic= too small for the eye to see
  19. olig
    small, scant

    oliguria= small amount of urine
  20. patho
    disease, suffering

    pathology= study of disease
  21. per
    by, thrugh

    perforate= to make a hole through
  22. peri
    around

    pericardium= sac around the heart
  23. poly
    many, much

    polyuria= much urine
  24. post
    after, behind

    postmortem= period after death
  25. pre
    before, in front of

    prenatal= period before birth
  26. sub
    under, beneath

    subcutaneous= beneath the skin
  27. supra
    above, over

    suprapelvic =located above the pelvis
  28. tachy
    swift, fast, rapid

    tachycardia= rapid heartbeat
  29. -cyte
    cell

    leukocyte= white blood cell
  30. -ectomy
    excision, removal of

    splenectomy= removal of spleen
  31. -emesis
    vomitin

    hyperemesis=excessive vomiting
  32. -emia
    blood condition

    anemia= lack of red blood cells
  33. -ism
    a condition

    hyperthyroidism= condition caused by an excessive production of thyroid hormones
  34. -itis
    inflammation

    stomatitis= inflammation of the mouth
  35. -logy
    sutdy of

    hematology= study of the blood
  36. -megaly
    enlargemnet

    splenomegaly= enlarged spleen
  37. -oma
    tumor

    melanoma= mole or tumor, may be cancerous
  38. -osis
    condition

    haltosis= bad breath
  39. -ostomy
    creation of an opening

    ileostomy= creation of an opening into the ileum
  40. -otomy
    cut into

    laparotomy= cutting into the abdomen
  41. -pathy
    disease

    myopathy= disease of the muscle
  42. -penia
    lack

    leukopenia= lack of white blood cells
  43. -phagia
    to eat

    dysphagia= difficulty swallowing
  44. -phasia
    speaking

    aphasia= absence of speaking
  45. -phobia
    exaggerated fear

    acrophobia= fear of high places
  46. -plasty
    surgical repair

    angioplasty= surgical repair of a vessel using a balloon
  47. -plegia
    paralysis

    paraplegia= paralysis of lower portion of the body
  48. -rrhage
    excessive flow

    hemorrhage=excessive flow of blood
  49. -scopy
    examination using a scope

    colonoscopy= examination of the large intestine or colon with a scope
  50. -stomy
    creation of an opening

    colostomy= opening into the colon
  51. -tomy
    incision, cutting ito

    thoracotomy= incision into chest wall
  52. -uria
    condition of the urine

    dysuria= painful urination
  53. a
    vefore
  54. ADL
    activities of daily living
  55. am, AM
    morning, before noon
  56. amb
    ambulatory
  57. amt
    amount
  58. ap
    apical
  59. approx.
    approximately
  60. ax.
    axillary (armpit)
  61. b.i.d.
    two times a day
  62. BM
    bowel movement
  63. BP, B/P
    blood pressure
  64. BRP
    bathroom privileges
  65. c (with line above)
    with
  66. C
    celsius
  67. cath
    catheter
  68. CHF
    congestive heart failure
  69. CNA
    certified nursing assistant
  70. c/o
    complains of
  71. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder
  72. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  73. CVA
    cereovascular accident, stroke
  74. DNR
    do not resuscitate
  75. DON
    director of nursing
  76. Dx, dx
    diagnosis
  77. ER
    emergency room
  78. am
    examination
  79. F
    Fahrenheit or female
  80. FF
    force fluids
  81. fl, fld
    fluid
  82. ft
    foot
  83. h, hr
    hour
  84. H2O
    water
  85. HBV
    hepatitis B virus
  86. ht
    height
  87. hyper
    above normal, too fast, rapid
  88. i&o
    intake and output
  89. inc
    incontinent
  90. isol
    isolation
  91. IV
    intravenous (within vein)
  92. lab
    laboratory
  93. lb.
    pound
  94. LPN
    licensed practical nurse
  95. LTC
    long-term care
  96. LVN
    Licensed Vocational Nurse
  97. meds
    medications
  98. min
    minute
  99. ml
    milliliter
  100. mmHg
    millimeters of mercure
  101. MRSA
    methicillin resistant staph aureus
  102. N/A
    not applicaple
  103. N.A., NA
    nursing assistant
  104. NKA
    no known allergies
  105. PO
    by mouth
  106. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  107. O2
    oxygen
  108. OBRA
    Omnibus budget reconciliation Act
  109. OOB
    out of bed
  110. oz.
    ounce
  111. P
    after
  112. peri care
    perineal care
  113. PPE
    personal protetive equipment
  114. p.r.n., prn
    when necessary
  115. q2h, q3h, etc.
    every 2 hours, every 3 hours, and so on
  116. q.h., qh
    every hour
  117. q.i.d., qid
    four times a day
  118. R
    respirations, right
  119. reg.
    regular
  120. rehab
    rehabilitation
  121. RN
    Registered Nurse
  122. ROM
    range of motion
  123. rt., R
    right
  124. s (with line above)
    without
  125. SOB
    shortness of breath
  126. spec.
    specimen
  127. stat
    immediately
  128. STD
    sexually transmitted disease
  129. std. prec.
    standard precautions
  130. T, temp
    temperature
  131. TB
    tuberculosis
  132. t.i.d., tid
    three times a day
  133. TPR
    temperature, pulse, and respiration
  134. U/A, u/a
    urinalysis
  135. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  136. UTI
    Urinary tract infection
  137. v.s., VS
    vital signs
  138. w/c, W/C
    wheelchair
  139. wt.
    weight
  140. HS
    hour of sleep
  141. abdomin (o)
    abdomen

    abdominal= pertaining to the abdomen
  142. aden (o)
    gland

    adenitis= inflammation of a gland
  143. angi (o)
    vessel

    angioplasty= surgical repair of a vessel using a balloon
  144. arterio
    artery

    arteriosclerosis= hardening of artery walls
  145. arthr (o)
    joing

    arthrotomy= cut into a joing
  146. brachi (o)
    arm

    brachial= pertaining to the arm
  147. bronchi, bronch (o)
    bronchus

    bronchopneumonia= inflammation of lungs
  148. card, cardi (o)
    Heart

    cardiology= study of the heart
  149. cerebr (o)
    cerebrum

    cerebrospinal= pertaining to the brain and spinal cord
  150. cephal (o)
    head

    cephalagia= head

    cephalalgia= headache
  151. chole, chol (o)
    bile

    cholecystitis= inflammation of the gall bladder
  152. colo
    colon

    colonoscopy= examination of the large intestine or colon with a scope
  153. cost (o)
    rib

    costochondral= pertaining to a rib
  154. crani (o)
    skull

    craniotomy= cutting into the skull
  155. cyan (o)
    blue

    cyanosis= blue, gray, or purple tinge to the skin due to lack of oxygen in the blood
  156. cyst (o)
    bladder, cyst

    cystitis= inflammation of the bladder
  157. derm, derma
    skin

    dermatitis= inflammation of the skin
  158. duoden (o)
    duodenum

    duodenal= pertaining to the duodenum, the first part of the small intestine
  159. encephal (o)
    brain

    encephalitis= inflammation of the brain
  160. gaster (o), gastro
    stomach

    gastritis= inflammation of the stomach
  161. geron
    aged

    gerontology= study of the aged
  162. gluco
    sweet

    glucometer= device used to measure blood glucose
  163. glyco, glyc
    sweet

    glycosuria= glucose (sugar) in the urine
  164. gyneco, gyno
    woman

    gynecology= study of diseases of the female
  165. hema, hemato, hemo
    blood

    hematuria= blood in the urine
  166. hepato
    liver

    hepatomegaly= enlargement of the liver
  167. hyster (o)
    uterus

    hysterectomy= surgical removal of the uterus
  168. ile (o), ili (o)
    ileum

    ileorrhaphy= surgical repair of the ileum
  169. laryng (o)
    larynx

    laryngectomy= excision of the larynx
  170. lymph (o)
    lymph

    lymphocyte= type of white blood cell
  171. mamm (o)
    breast

    mammogram= x-ray of the breast
  172. mast (o)
    breast

    mastectomy= excision of the breast
  173. melan (o)
    black

    melanoma= mole or tumor, may be cancerous
  174. mening (o) meninges
    membranes covering the spinal cord and brain

    meningitis= inflammation of the membranes of the spinal cord or brain
  175. Necro
    death

    necrotic= dead tissue
  176. nephr (o)
    kidney

    nephrectomy= removal of a kidney
  177. neur (o)
    nerve

    neuritis= inflammation of a nerve
  178. onc (o)
    tumor

    oncology= study of tumors
  179. opthalm (o)
    eye

    ophthalmologist= eye doctor
  180. oste (o)
    bone

    osteoarthritis= disease of the joints
  181. ot (o)
    ear

    otology= science of the ear
  182. pharyng (o)
    pharynx

    pharyngitis= inflammation of the throat, sore throat
  183. phleb (o)
    vein

    phlebitis= inflammation of a vein
  184. pneo (a)
    • breathing
    • tachypnea= rapid breathing
  185. pneum
    air, gas, respiration

    pneumonia= inflammation of the lung
  186. pod (o)
    foot

    podiatrist= foot doctor
  187. proct (o)
    anus, rectum

    proctology= study of the rectum
  188. pulm (o)
    lung

    pulmonary= relating to the lungs
  189. splen (o)
    spleen

    splenomegaly= enlarged spleen
  190. stomat (o)
    mouth

    stomatitis= inflammation of mouth
  191. therm (o)
    hot, heat

    thermoplegia= heatstroke
  192. thorac (o)
    chest

    thoracotomy= incision into chest wall
  193. thromb (o)
    blood clot

    thrombus= blood clot blocking a vessel
  194. toxic (o), tox (o)
    poison

    toxicology= study of poisons
  195. trache (o)
    trachea, windpipe

    tracheostomy= incision to make an artificial airway
  196. urethr (o)
    urethra

    urethritis= inflammation of urethra
  197. A.M.
    morning
  198. AD
    Alzheirmer's Disease
  199. ADL
    Activities of Daily Living
  200. AIDS
    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
  201. b.i.d.
    twice a day
  202. BP
    blood pressure
  203. cc
    cubic centimeter
  204. CDC
    center for disease control
  205. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscutation
  206. CVA
    cerebrovascular accident

    a general term which encompases such problems as a stroke and cerebral hemorrage
  207. EMS
    Emergency Medical Service
  208. mmHg
    millimeters of mercury
  209. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  210. I & O
    intake and output
  211. IV
    intravenous
  212. LTC
    long term care
  213. ml
    measurs, milliliter
  214. MRSA
    methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus
  215. MSDS
    material safety data sheets
  216. NATCEP
    Nurse Aide Training and Competency Evaluation Program
  217. NPO
    Nothing by mouth
  218. OBRA
    Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1987
  219. F
    Degrees Fahrenheit
  220. OSHA
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  221. oz
    ounce or ounces
  222. P
    pulse
  223. P.M.
    Evening
  224. PPE
    personal protective equipment
  225. R
    Respiration
  226. SOB
    shortness of breath
  227. stat
    immediatley
  228. T
    Temperature
  229. -AX
    Temperature taken at the axilla
  230. -R
    Temperature taken at the rectal area
  231. TAC
    Texas Administrative Code
  232. TB
    commonly used for tuberculosis
  233. TPR
    Temperature/pulse/respiration
  234. USDA
    United States Department of Agriculture
  235. VRE
    Vacomycin Resistant Entercoccus

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