Airway Management (updated)

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Airway Management (updated)
2012-02-07 12:15:18

Airway Slides
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  1. Components of Airway System
    • Nose/Mouth
    • Pharynx
    • Cricoid
    • Epiglottis
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Broncioles
    • Alveoli
  2. Components of Respiratory System
    • Brain
    • Spinal Cord
    • Airways
    • Alveoli
    • Pulmonary Circulation
  3. Diaphram does what?
    It is the major muscle of breathing that curves downward and connects to the sub xiphoid
  4. What are Intercostal Muscles
    They are the muscles between the ribs that control expanding/compressing of the ribcage
  5. Ventilation is What + What
    Inhalation and Exhalation
  6. Respiratory Failure is
    The point in breathing where the O2 intake is not enough to support life
  7. Respiratory Arrest is?
    When breathing stops completely
  8. Inhalation takes about _____ the time of ventilation
  9. Exhalation takes about ______ the time of ventilation
  10. How does the diaphram move during inhalation
    Outward and Downward
  11. Intercostal Muscles move how during inhalation
    Moves ribs outward and upward
  12. During Exhalation the diaphram moves how?
    It relaxes, Moves upward and decreases in size
  13. During Exhalation the Intercostal muscles move how?
    They relax and move inward and downward
  14. Normal Respiration Rate of an Adult is?
    12-20 Breaths per minute
  15. Normal Respiration of a Child is?
    15-30 Breaths per minute
  16. Normal Respiration of an Infant is?
    25-50 Breaths per minute
  17. The first way to tell if you have adequate breathing is?
    Look, Feel and Listen
  18. Name some ways you can also tell if you have adequate respiration
    • Equal Rise of Chest
    • Present and Clear Breath Sounds
    • Feel air moving in and out of nose/mouth
    • Normal Skin color
    • Normal Rate/Quality/Depth
  19. What are some characteristics of Inadequate Breathing
    • Absent
    • Minimal
    • Uneven Chest Rise
    • Abdominal Breathing
    • Diminished Breath Sounds
    • Abnormal Breath Sounds (Rales/Wheezing/Rhonchi/Stridor)
  20. What are some signs of Inadequate Breathing?
    • Rate is to fast or slow
    • Shallow, Deep or Labored
    • Cyanosis of Lips/Skin/Nail Beds
    • Prolonged Inspirations/Exhalations
    • Cannot speak in full sentences
    • Nasal Flaring
    • No Air Movement Felt
  21. What are some ways to maintain an inadequate airway?
    • Opening and Maintaining Airways
    • Providing artificial airways
    • Providing Supplement O2
    • Suctioning
  22. Causes of Airway Obstruction can be?
    • Tongue
    • Foreign Bodies
    • Trauma to face and neck
    • Allergic Reactions
    • Burns
    • Diseases
  23. Types of Artificial Airways
    OPA and NPA
  24. What does OPA stand for
    Oropharyngeal Airway
  25. What does NPA stand for?
    Nasophraryngeal Airway
  26. Name Types of Oxygen Delivery Systems
    Nasal Canula(NC), Simple Mask(SM), Non-Rebreather(NRB), Bag-Mask-Valve(BVM)
  27. What are the 2 ways to handle head positioning
    • Head Tilt Chin Lift
    • Jaw Thrust
  28. What are 2 types of Airway Adjuncts
    BVM & FROPVD (Flow Restricted Oxygen Powered Ventilation Device)
  29. What O2 % does Mouth to Mask Provide with O2 attached
  30. How much O2 can a FROPVD deliver?
    100% O2 up to 40 liters, relief valve that should open at 60cm water, and should only be used on children
  31. What are the minimum requirements for a adequate suction device?
    Should have an intake of 30 LPM at the end of the tube. Will happen if it can generate a vaccum of no less then 300mmhg when it is clamped
  32. Name the parts of the suction system
    Tubing, Suction tips, Suction Catheters, Collection Containers and a Container of Sterile water.
  33. What is the maximum time you should suction for?
    15 Seconds, then oxygenate.
  34. If more suction is needed what should you do?
    Ventilate 2 minutes then again suction
  35. How should you suction?
    Always on the way out
  36. What is Hypoxemia?
    It is when there is not sufficient oxygen in the bodie tissues
  37. What are some signs of Hypoxemia?
    Restlessness, Disorientated, Diaphoretic, Cool, Pale Skin, Cyanosis and Tachycardia
  38. What colors do Oxygen tanks come in?
    Green and White
  39. A Full Oxygen tank holds how much?
  40. A safe residual pressure for a oxygen tank is?
    Above 200PSI, if it is below change it
  41. What tank designations do ambulances carry?
    D, E and M
  42. a "D" tank can hold
    350 Liters
  43. a "E" tank can hold
    625 Liters
  44. a "M" tank can hold?
    3000 Liters
  45. What tanks does a hospital carry?
    G and H tank
  46. a "G" tank can hold
    5300 Liters
  47. a "H" tank can hold?
    6900 Liters
  48. What are some hazards of O2 Therapy?
    Tank can become a missle, it is combustable, Oil and gas do not mix, Toxicity and Alveoli collapse and infant eye damage and COPD
  49. What does NC stand for
    Nasal Canula
  50. What does SM stand for?
    Simple Mask
  51. What does BVM stand for?
    Bag Valve Mask
  52. What does FROPVD stand for?
    Flow Restricted Oxygen Powered Ventilation Device