Medical Term.

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Author:
JessieP
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13320
Filename:
Medical Term.
Updated:
2010-04-06 15:31:50
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Bones and Axial Skeleton
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Ch. 8
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  1. cartilage
    • "gristle"
    • -Nonvascular, firm connective tissue found mostly in joints
  2. -chir/o-
    hand
  3. -pract-
    efficient, practical
  4. -or
    doer
  5. -ic
    pertaining to
  6. -fication
    remove
  7. de-
    from, out of
  8. -toxi-
    poison
  9. ligament
    "band, sheet"

    -band of fibrous tissue connecting two strcutures
  10. muscle
    • "muscle"
    • - a tissue consisting of cells that can contract
  11. -muscul/o-
    muscle
  12. -skelet-
    skeleton
  13. -orth/o-
    straight
  14. -ped-
    child
  15. -ist
    specialist
  16. -pathy
    disease
  17. -oste/o-
    bone
  18. path-
    disease
  19. tendon
    • "sinew"
    • -fibrous band that connects muscle to bone
  20. DO
    Doctor of Osteopathy
  21. MD
    Doctor of Medicine
  22. cortex
    • "bark"
    • -outer portion of an organ, such as bone
  23. -cortic-
    cortex
  24. diaphysis
    • "growing between"
    • -shaft of a long bone
  25. epi-
    upon, above
  26. -physis-
    growth
  27. -ial
    pertaining to
  28. Haversian canals
    vascular canals in bone
  29. medulla
    • "marrow"
    • -central portion of a structure surrounded by cortex
  30. -chondr/o-
    cartillage
  31. -plasia
    formation
  32. a-
    without
  33. imperfecta
    • "unfinished"
    • - inherited condition when bone formation is incomplete, leading to fragile, easily broken bones
  34. -malacia
    abnormal softness
  35. -myel-
    bone marrow
  36. -penia
    deficient
  37. -por/o-
    opening
  38. rickets
    • "to twist"
    • -diease due to vitamin D deficiency, producing soft, flexible bones
  39. -sarc-
    flesh
  40. BMD
    bone mineral density
  41. DEXA
    dual energy x-ray absorbtiometry
  42. FDA
    food and drug administration
  43. IU
    international unit
  44. mg
    milligram
  45. -ment
    resulting state
  46. a- (variant of ad)
    into
  47. -lign-
    line
  48. -comminut-
    break into pieces
  49. -ed
    pertaining to
  50. mal-
    bad, difficult
  51. non-
    not
  52. -un-
    one
  53. -blast
    immature cell
  54. -cyte
    cell
  55. -ure
    result of
  56. -fract-
    to break
  57. -duct-
    lead
  58. -ion
    action, condition
  59. re-
    backwards
  60. traction
    • "to pull"
    • -pulling or dragging force
  61. Fx
    fracture
  62. cervix-
    neck
  63. coccyx
    • "coccyx"
    • -small tailbone at the lowest end of the vertebral column
  64. -kyph/o-
    bent, humpback
  65. -tic
    pertaining to
  66. -osis
    condition
  67. lumbar
    • "loin"
    • -region of the back and sides between ribs and pelvis
  68. sacum
    • "sacred"
    • -segment of the vertebral column that forms part of the pelvis
  69. -scoli/o-
    crooked
  70. spine
    • "spine"
    • -vertebral column or a short projection from a bone
  71. vertebra
    • "spinal joint"
    • - one of the bones of the spinal column
  72. whip-
    to swing
  73. -lash
    end of whip
  74. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  75. concha
    • "spiral seashell"
    • -shell shaped bone on the medial wall of the nasal cavity
  76. cranium
    • "skull"
    • -upper part of the skull that encloses and protects the brain
  77. ethm-oid
    • sieve-resembling
    • -bone that forms the back of the nose and encloses numerous air cells
  78. lacrim-al
    • tears-pertianing to
    • - forms part of the medial wall of the orbit,
    • --or pertaining to the tears
  79. occipit-al
    • back of the head-pertianing to
    • -the back of the skull
  80. mandible
    • "jaw"
    • -lower jaw bone
  81. mandibul-
    mandible
  82. maxilla
    • "jaw bone"
    • - upper jaw bone, containg right and left maxilary sinuses
  83. palat-ine
    • palate-pertaining to
    • - bone that forms the hard palate and parts of the nose and orbits
  84. pariet-al
    • wall-pertaining to
    • - two bones forming side walls and roof of the cranium
  85. sphen-oid
    • wedge-resemble
    • - wedge-shaped bone at the base of the skull
  86. tempor-al
    • time-pertaining to
    • - bone that forms part of the base and sides of the skull
  87. TMJ
    • temporomandibular joint
    • -joint between the temporal bone and the mandible
  88. vomer
    • "ploughshare"
    • -lower nasal septum
  89. zygoma
    • "yoke"
    • -bone that forms the prominence of the cheek
  90. zygomat-
    cheekbone

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