Pharmacology Terminology

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Pharmacology Terminology
2010-04-06 18:17:41
pharmacology terminology

pharmacology terminology
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  1. drug
    chemical agent that affects living processes, may be used to prevent, diagnose, or treat diseases
  2. pharmacodynamics
    properties of drugs, effects of drugs on living organisms
  3. pharmacokinetics
    absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion or drugs
  4. proprietary name
    • brand name, trade name - unique trademarked name chosen by the manufacturer, exclusively used by that manufacturer, usually capitalized
    • Ex: Amoxi-Tabs
  5. generic name
    • common name chosen by the manufacturer, may be used by other manufacturers also, not capitalized
    • Ex: amoxicillin
  6. chemical name
    • name that describes the chemical structure of the drug. Accurate but impractical for every day use
    • Ex: Alpha-amino-p-benzyl penicillin trihydrate
  7. analgesic
    • pain reliever
    • Ex. butorphanol
  8. anesthetic
    • drug that produces partial or complete loss of sensation
    • Ex. isoflurane
  9. anthelmintic
    • drug that destroys worms
    • Ex. ivermectin
  10. antibacterial
    • drug that kills or inhibit the growth of bacteria
    • Ex. tetracycline
  11. antibiotic
    • antimicrobial - drug that kills or inhibits growth of microorganisms
    • Ex. tetracycline
  12. anticoagulant
    • drug that inhibits blood clotting
    • Ex. heparin
  13. anticonvulsant
    • drug that prevents or stops seizures
    • Ex. phenobarbital
  14. antidiarrheal
    • drug that combats diarrhea
    • Ex. kaolin and pectin
  15. antiemetic
    • drug that combats vomiting
    • Ex. chlorpromazine
  16. antifungal
    • drug that kills or inhibits growth of fungi
    • Ex. miconazole
  17. anti-inflammatory
    • drug that decreases inflammation, may be steroidal
    • Ex. prednisone (steroidal), phenylbutazone (nonsteroidal)
  18. antiparasitic
    • drug that combats internal or external parasites
    • Ex. lufenuron
  19. antitussive
    • drug that combats coughing
    • Ex. dextromethorphan
  20. biological
    • drug made from living material, including vaccines, bacterins, toxoids, antitoxins, antivenins, etc.
    • Ex. FVRCP vaccine
  21. cathartic
    • purgative, laxative - drug that promotes evacuation of the bowels
    • Ex. psyllium
  22. ceruminolytic
    • drug that dissolves cerumen (ear wax)
    • Ex. triethanolamine
  23. diuretic
    • drug that mobilizes body water and increases urine production
    • Ex. furosemide
  24. expectorant
    • drug that promotes ejection of mucus from the respiratory tract
    • Ex. guaifenesin
  25. ophthalmic
    • drug used to treat the eyes
    • Ex. gentamicin ophthalmic ointment
  26. otic
    • drug used to treat the ears
    • gentamicin otic solution
  27. sedative
    • drug that calms and reduces excitement, usually by depression of the central nervous system
    • Ex. xylazine
  28. tranquilizer
    • drug that reduces anxiety
    • Ex. acepromazine