Card Set Information
Goals of Psychology
: Making a detailed record of scientific observations.
: Stating the causes of the behavior.
Predict:Forecasting behavior accurately.
: Altering the conditions that affect behavior.
Schools of Psychology
: Father of Psychoanalysis
: Father of Psychology
Maslow and Rogers
Directly observable actions.
Private, internal activities.
Study of behavior and mental processes.
: Make an observation
: Define the problem.
: Propose a hypothesis.
: Gather the evidence and test the hypothesis.
: Building a theory.
: Publish the results.
A small group that accurately reflects a population
Animals or humans whose behavior is investigated in an experiment.
A form of learning in which reflex responses are associated with new stimuli.
Learning based on the consequences of responding.
Pavlov's Classical Conditioning Theory and Examples
Skinner's Operant Conditioning Theory and Examples
Evokes a response because it has been repeatedly paired with an unconditioned stimulus.
A learned response elicitied by a conditioned stimulus.
Reflex response elicited by an uncoditioned stimulus.
Innately capable of eliciting a response.
A stimulus that does not evoke a response.
Occurs when response is followed by a reward or other positive response.
Occurs when a response is followed by an end to discomfort or by the removal of an unpleasant event.
Nonlearned reinforcers; usually those that satisfy physiological needs.
A learned reinforcer; often one that gains reinforcing properties by association with a primary reinforcer.
A tangible secondary reinforcer such as money, gold stars, poker chips, and the like.
Reinforcement based on receiving attention, approval, or affection from another person.
The process of suppressing a response.
Converting information into a form in which it will be retained in memory.
Recovering information from storage into memory.
The first, normally unconscious, stage of memory, which holds an exact record of incoming information for a few seconds or less.
Long Term Memory
Skill (Procedural) Memory
Fact (Declarative) Memory
Lack of Use
any condition that changes or can be made to change; a measure, event, or state that may vary.