Comps/Review

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
133417
Filename:
Comps/Review
Updated:
2012-02-07 00:24:52
Tags:
Acquired
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Description:
SLP Review
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  1. which side
    lateralization
  2. exact spot
    localization
  3. made up of the brain and spinal cord. upper motor neurons. Motor command center for planing and carrying messages
    CNS- Central Nervous System
  4. Contains the cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and soe parts of the ANS. Lower motor neurons. Collection of nerves outside the spinal column and skull. Carry sensory & motor info back and forth
    PNS-Peripheral Nervous System
  5. protects and encloses the CNS
    PAD- Pia, Arachnoid & Dura
  6. Cerebrum, Brainstem, Cerebellum is part of the
    Brain
  7. part of brain resp for problem solving, abstract thinking, judgment
    Frontal
  8. part of brain resp for perception & analysis, somosthetic info
    Parietal
  9. part of brain resp for vision
    Occipital
  10. part of brain resp for auditory information
    Temporal
  11. resp for planning and execting volitional motor mvmt, process sensory information, higher mental processing (speech processing & reasoning)
    Cortex
  12. makes up the majority of the primary motor cortex (motor strip)
    precentral gyrus
  13. Association Cortex resp for plan/execute volitional mvmnts
    frontal association area
  14. Association Cortex resp for discriminate/integrate tactile info
    parietal association area
  15. Association Cortex resp for discriminate/integrate auditory information
    temporal association area
  16. Association Cortex resp for voluntay mvmt of skeletal muscles on the opposite side of the body
    primary motor cortex
  17. Association Cortex resp for temporal lobe
    primary auditory cortex
  18. Association Cortex resp for occpital lobe
    primary visual cortex
  19. Association Cortex resp for somostetic sensation on contra-lateral side of the body (pain temperature, and touch)
    primary sensory cortex
  20. exam that assesses the compostion of CSF
    spinal tap
  21. relay status
    thalmus
  22. regulate motor functionin, maintain posutre/muscle tone
    basal ganglia
  23. eye movements/postual reflexes
    midbrain
  24. bridge to cerebellum
    pons
  25. tail of the brain stem
    medulla
  26. pathways of the medulla
    • Ascending- afferent-sensory
    • Descending-efferent-motor
  27. coordinates movements
    cerebellum
  28. type of nerve fiber tract- long distance runner (Afferent, efferent)
    projection
  29. type of nerve fiber tract- connects 2 hemispheres (ex. corpus collosu)
    commissural
  30. type of nerve fiber tract- within hemisphere connection
    association
  31. volitional motor control system
    pryamidal
  32. smoothes and coordiantes mvmnts (injuries may cause involuntary mvmnts
    extra pyramidal system
  33. balance & orientation of body and space
    vestibular reticular system
  34. heartbeat, breathing, swallowing
    reticular formation
  35. innervate muscles for breathing, 31 pairs in total with sensory & motor functions
    spinal nerves
  36. Part of ANS resp for fight or flight; converving energy
    sympathetic
  37. Part of ANS resp for relaxing, the fearful stimulation is gone
    parasympathetic
  38. Cranial Nerves resp for speech
    5,7,8,9,10,11,12
  39. Cranial 5
    Trigeminal
  40. Cranial 7
    Facial
  41. Cranial 8
    Vestibular
  42. Cranial 9
    Glossopharyngeal
  43. Cranial 10
    Vagus
  44. Cranial 11
    Accessory
  45. Cranial 12
    Hypoglossal
  46. CN nerve that provides (both) Sensory to face and motor to masseters, palate, pharynx. Disorder results loose sensation, weak movement. What is nerve & disorder called
    CN #5 Trigeminal , trigeminal neuralgia
  47. CN nerve that provides (both) sensory to anterior 2/3 o ftongue & motor to facial muscles. Disorder causes bells palsy, drooping of face
    CN # 7 Facial
  48. CN nerve that provides (sensory only) balance and hearing
    CN # 8 Vestibular
  49. CN nerve that provides (Both) sensory to posterior tongue, soft palate, pharynx & motor to pharynx.
    CN # 9 Glossopharyngeal
  50. CN nerve that provides (both) sensory and motor to larynx soft palate, bronchi. It wanders and loops around the heart
    CN # 10 Vagus
  51. CN nerve that provides (motor only) for head rotation and shoulder shrugging
    CN # 11 Accessory
  52. CN nerve that provides (motor only) to tongue
    CN # 12 hypoglossal
  53. This cause if acquired deficit disrupts blood flow to the brain
    CVA -cerebrovascular accident
  54. lack of /reduced blood flow
    ischemic
  55. (floating suitcase) fatty plaques block the artery, break off anterior wall & travel to smaller artery
    embolism
  56. (suitcase) blocks blood flow to the lung or brain
    thrombosis
  57. death of neural tissue
    infarction
  58. rupture of cerebral blood vessel
    hemorrhage
  59. dialated blood vessel that stretched/weakened the vessel wall cause by sudden exertion
    aneurism
  60. accumulation of blood vessels caused by hemorrhage
    hematoma
  61. abnormal mas of tissue
    tumor
  62. A neurodiagnostic tool- brain image by measuring magnetic activity, uses radiowaves to produce 3D images of the brain
    MRI
  63. A neurodiagnostic tool- multiple x-rays take from different angles
    CT Scans
  64. A neurodiagnostic tool-looks at structure and physiology. Assess physiological changes in brain cells, inject radio nuclei
    PET scan
  65. A neurodiagnostic tool-examines blood vessels in the brain, dye travels through the vascular system
    Cerebral Angiogram
  66. A neurodiagnostic tool- similar to Ct, uses radioactive materal
    SPECT
  67. A neurodiagnostic tool- measures electrical stimulation patterns in the brain
    EEG- Electroencephalography
  68. The adult-form of a language impairment, may be caused by a stroke, brain injury or severe illness resulting from neurological injury
    Aphasia

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