Legal Environment of Business: Chapter 4

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  1. Federal Form of Government
    a system of government in which the states form a union and the sovereign power is divided between the central government and the member states
  2. Checks and Balances
    the principle under which the powers of the national government are divided among three separate branches-the executive, legislative, and judicial branches-each of which exercises a check on the actions of the others
  3. Commerce Clause
    the provision in Article 1, Section 8, of the U.S. Constitution that gives Congress the power to regulate interstate commerce
  4. Police Powers
    powers possessed by the states as part of their inherent sovereignty. These powers may be exercised to protect or promote the public order, health, safety, morals, and general welfare
  5. Supremacy Clause
    the requirement in Article VI of the Constituion that provides that the Constitution, laws, and treaties of the United States are "the supreme Law of the Land." Under this clause, state and local laws that directly conflict with federal law will be rendered invalid
  6. Preemption
    a doctrince under which certain federal laws preempt, or take precedence over, conflicting state or local laws
  7. Bill of Rights
    the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution
  8. Symbolic Speech
    nonverbal expression of beliefs. symbolic speech, which includes gestures, movements, and articles of clothing, is given substantial protection by the courts
  9. Filtering Software
    a computer program that is designed to block access to certain Web sites based on their content. The software blocks the retrieval of a site whose URL or key words are on a list within the program
  10. Meta Tag
    a key word in a document that can serve as an index reference to the document. On the Web, search engines return results based, in part, on the tags in Web documents
  11. Establishment Clause
    the provision in the First Amendment to the Constitution that prohibits the government from establishing any state-sponsored religion or enacting any law that promotes religion or favors one religion over another
  12. Free Exercise Clause
    the provision in the First Amendment to the Constitution that prohibits the government from interfering with people's religious practices or forms of worship
  13. Due Process Clause
    the provisions in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution that guarantee that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. Similar clauses are found in most state constitutions
  14. Equal Protection Clause
    the provision in the Fourteeth Amendment to the Constitution that guarantees that no state wil "deny to any person within it's jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." The clause mandates that the state governments must treat similarly situated individuals in a similar manner
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Legal Environment of Business: Chapter 4
Legal Environment of Business: Chapter 4
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