Mental Health Nursing

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  1. Automatisms
    Repeated, purposeless behaviors
  2. Ecohopraxia
    Repeating the movements of another person
  3. Psychomotor retardation
    Overall slowed movements
  4. Waxy flexibility
    Person has arms or legs placed in any position and patient will hold that position for hours
  5. Parkinson-like symptoms
    Making masklike faces, drooling, and having shuffling gait, tremors, and muscular rigidity. Seen in people who are on anti-psychotic medications like phenothiazines
  6. Akathisia
    Displays motor restlessness, feeling of muscular quivering; at worst, patient is unable to sit or lie quietly.
  7. Dyskinesia
    Distortion of voluntary movements, such as involuntary muscular activity
  8. Delusions
    Fixed, false belief held to be true even with evidence to the contrary
  9. 3 common types of delusions
    • persecution
    • grandeur
    • jealousy
  10. Obsessions
    An idea, impulse, or emotion that a person can’t put out of his/her consciousness. Can be mild or severe
  11. Rituals
    Repetitive actions that people must do over and over until either they are exhausted or anxiety is decreased. Often done to lessen the anxiety triggered by an obsession.
  12. Phobias
    Intense irrational fear of an object, situation or place. The fear persists even though the object of the fear is perfectly harmless and the person is aware of the irrationality
  13. Thought broadcasting
    Delusional belief that others can hear or know what the client is thinking
  14. Thought insertion
    Delusional belief that others are putting ideas or thoughts into the client’s head, ideas are not those of the client
  15. Ideas of reference
    Inaccurate interpretation that general events are personally directed to him/her such as hearing a speech on the news and believing the message had personal meaning
  16. Hallucinations
    A sense perception for which no external stimuli exist. Can have an organic or a functional etiology (visual, auditory, olfactory, tactile, or gustatory
  17. Illusions
    A misperception of actual sensory stimuli in the environment
  18. Clang associations
    Thoughts related by rhyming of words or sounds
  19. Neologism
    Words a person makes up that have meaning only for the person themselves, often part of a delusional system
  20. Echolalia
    Repeating the speech of another person
  21. Preservation
    Involuntary repetition of the same thought, phrase, or motor response to different questions or situations
  22. Word salad
    Mixture of words and phrases that have no meaning
  23. Tangential thinking
    Association disturbances in which the person goes off the topic and never returns to the topic. Generally happens frequently in conversations
  24. Loose associations
    Disorganized thinking, haphazard, illogical and confused, jumps from one idea to another with little or no relation between ideas. Connections in thought are interrupted
  25. Flight of ideas
    Constant flow of speech in which the person jumps from one topic to another in rapid succession. Fragmented or unrelated ideas, at least of the surface. Connection is there, just hard to identify
  26. Thought blocking
    Sudden abrupt cessation of a thought in the middle of a sentence or train of thought. Sometimes can’t continue train of thought, sometimes sudden new thoughts crop up that are unrelated to the topic
  27. Circumstantiality
    Before getting to the point gives excessive unnecessary detail and explanations
  28. Confabulation
    Filling in a memory gap with detail fantasy believed by the person. The purpose is to maintain self-esteem and is seen in organic condtions
Card Set:
Mental Health Nursing
2012-02-07 18:01:16
abnormal motor behaviors thought content alterations perceception speech patterns processes

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