Ch. 10 Test Review

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  1. Ice, wind, water, gravity, plants, and animals can all be agents of ___________ _________.
    mechanical weathering
  2. The process by which rocks break down as a result of chemical reactions is called ____________ ____________.
    chemical weathering
  3. The arrangement of soil particles.
    soil structure
  4. Rain, sleet, or snow that contains a high concentration of acids is called _____ _________________.
    acid precipitation
  5. Small rocks weather more quickly than large rocks becuase they have more _________ ______ instead of volume.
    surface area
  6. The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports soil and sediment from one location to another.
  7. The soil quality that is based on the proportions of soil particles.
    soil texture
  8. The removal of substances that can be dissolved from rock , ore, or layers of soil due to the passing of water.
  9. The grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the mechanical action of other rock or sand particles.
  10. When oxygen in the air reacts with iron, this occurs.
  11. What is it called when farmers plow across the slope of a hill to prevent erosion?
    contour plowing
  12. What is it called when farmers change a steep field into a series of smaller, flatter fields?
  13. What is the practice of leaving old stalks to provide cover from the rain called?
    no-till farming
  14. What is it called when farmers plant different cops that use different crops use different soil nutrients?
    crop rotation
  15. Small rocks weather more quickly than larger rocks because their surface area is _________.
  16. Chemical weathering is most rapid in areas that are
    warm and wet
  17. These areas get some water from under the ground.
  18. This area has low soil temperatures and little rain. Temperature, decomposition of plants and animals occurs slowly. This limits the amount of humus in the soil.
  19. This area has heavy rains that leach nutrients from the topsoil.
    tropical rain forest
  20. This area has frequent changes in temperatures that lead to frost action, and the development of thick, fertile soil.
    temperate forest and grassland
Card Set
Ch. 10 Test Review
Ch. 10 Test Review
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