Side effects such as dry mouth , constipation, urinary hesitancy or retention, dry nasal passages, and blurred near vision.
What are anticholinergic side effects?
Intense need to move about; characterized by restless movement, pacing, inability to remain still, and the client’s report of inner restlessness.
What is Akathisia?
Acute muscular rigidity and cramping, a stiff or thick tongue with difficulty swallowing, and in severe cases, laryngospasm and respiratory difficulties.
What is dystonia?
Amphetamines and other like drugs used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy. Ex: Cylert, Adderall and Ritalin
What are stimulant drugs?
Another name for Antianxiety drugs, used to treat anxiety, anxiety disorders, insomnia, OCD, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and alcohol withdrawal.
What are anxiolytics?
Subgroup of drugs that treat panic disorder, or generalized anxiety disorder that commonly cause psychological dependence. Ex: Alprazolam (Xanax), Lorazepam (Ativan), Diazepam (Valium), Temazepam (Restoril)
What are benzodiazapines?
Venlafaxine (Effexor), Bupropion (Wellbutrin), Nefazodone (Serzone) are used for those clients who are potentially suicidal or highly impulsive because they carry on risk of lethal overdose.
What are other antidepressants compounds SRNI’s?
Drugs that have reaction with aged cheese that is used in lasagna and pizza, pepperoni, salami, summer sausage, avocado, tap beer, sauerkraut, soy sauce, yogurt and peanuts.
Because of a potentially fatal side effect of agranulocytosis clients must have weekly WBCs to obtain the next weeks supply of medication.
What is Clozapine?
Most prevalent neurotransmitter in the nervous system, located in the brain stem. Excess of this has been implicated in several anxiety disorders and deficits contribute to memory loss, social withdrawal and depression.
What is norepinephrine?
Abnormalities in this lobe of the brain are associated with ADHD, schizophrenia, and dementia.
What is the frontal lobe?
Disturbances in this part of the brain have been implicated in a variety of mental illnesses, such as the memory loss that accompanies dementia and the poorly controlled emotions and impulses seen with psychotic or manic behavior.
What is the limbic system?
Located primarily in the brain stem this has been found to be involved in the control of complex movements, cognition, and regulation of emotional responses. Antipsychotic medications work by blocking its activity.
What is dopamine?
Found only in the brain, its function is mostly inhibitory, and is involved in the control of food intake, sleep and wakefulness, sexual behavior, and regulations of emotions.
What is serotonin?
Group of antidepressants that are potentially lethal if taken in overdose.
What are TCA’s?
Potentially serious drug interaction resulting from taking an MAOI and a SSRI at the same time or too close to the end of therapy with the other.
What is serotonin syndrome?
Life-threatening side effect occurring if the client ingests foods containing tyramine while taking MAOI’s.
What is hypertensive crisis?
Occurs when the level of drug gets above the therapeutic range and causes symptoms like muscle weakness, severe diarrhea and vomiting, and drowsiness.
What is lithium toxicity?
Potentially fatal idiosyncratic reaction to an antipsychotic drug resulting in rigidity, high fever; unstable B/P, diaphoresis, pallor and delirium.
What is neuroleptic malignant syndrome?
Program designed to help clients make a gradual transition from being inpatients to living independently and to prevent repeat admissions.
What is partial hospitalization?
A type of psychiatric rehabilitation, the focus of this community based program is on health, not illness. Provides a place to meet for support and fellowship.
What is the clubhouse model?
An approach useful in dealing with the multifaceted problems of clients with mental illness, where different members have expertise in specific areas collaborate to meet clients needs more effectively.
What is an interdisciplinary team?
Settings in the community that vary in structure, level of supervision and service where persons with mental illness can live.
What are residential settings?
Community program with a problem-solving approach that provides services directly to the client. These include specific life issues in the form of skills training, support and teaching. Staff members provide these services in the clients residence.