In psychoanalytic theory, the part of one’s nature that reflects basic or innate desires such as pleasure-seeking behavior, aggression, and sexual impulses.
What is Id?
Method of attempting to strengthen a desired response by reinforcement, either positive or negative.
What is behavioral modification?
Thoughts or feelings in the preconscious or unconscious level of awareness.
What is the subconscious?
In psychoanalytic theory, the balancing or mediating force between the id and the superego; represents mature and adaptive behavior that allows a person to function successfully in the world.
What is the ego?
Occurs when the client displaces onto the therapist attitudes and feelings that the client originally experienced in other relationships.
What is transference?
Theorist who is named the father of psychoanalysis and believed that repressed sexual impulses and desires motivate much human behavior.
Who is Sigmund Freud?
Theorist who extended Freud’s work on personality development and created eight psychosocial stages of development. In his view, psychosocial growth occurs in sequential phases, and each stage is dependent on completion of the previous stage and life task.
Who is Erik Erickson?
Interpersonal nursing theorist and clinician who developed the phases of the nurse-patient relationship, and the four levels of anxiety.
Who is Hildegard Peplau?
Theorist who formulated the hierarchy of needs, in which he used a pyramid to arrange and illustrate the basic drives or needs that motivate people.
Who is Abraham Maslow?
Influential behavior theorist who developed the theory of operant conditioning, which he says people learn their behavior form their history of past experiences, particularly those experiences that were repeatedly were reinforced.
Who is B.F. Skinner?
Failure to acknowledge an unbearable condition; failure to admit the reality of a situation or how one enables the problem to continue. Ex: “I don’t have a problem with authority, I just don’t like people telling me what to do.”
What is denial?
Expression of an emotional conflict through the development of a physical symptom, usually sensorimotor in nature. Ex: blindness, paralysis
What is conversion?
Excluding emotionally painful or anxiety-provoking thoughts and feelings from conscious awareness. Ex: “I don’t remember anything about my assault.”
What is repression?
Exhibiting acceptable behavior to make up or negate unacceptable behavior. Ex: Child who does the dishes for his mother after staying out past his curfew.
What is positive undoing?
Conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts and feeling form conscious awareness. Ex: “I’m not going to think about my son’s speeding ticket today it will just distract me.”
What is suppression?
Form of group therapy in which the client and his or her family members participate.
What is family therapy?
Groups that provide information to members on a specific issue-for instance, stress management, medication management, or assertiveness training.
What are educational groups?
Members who share a common problem learn to cope with it.
What are support groups?
Members learn about their behavior and to make positive changes in their behavior by interacting and communicating with others as a member of a group.
What are psychotherapy groups?
Members share a common experience, but the group is not a formal or structured group, these do not have a formal identified leader.
What are self-help groups?
Part of a person’s nature that reflects moral and ethical concepts, values, and parental and social expectations; therefore it is the direct opposite of the Id.
What is superego?
Ongoing group that runs indefinitely; members join or leave the group as they need to.
What is open group?
Concept involving client’s interactions with one another; i.e., practicing interpersonal relationship skills, giving one another feedback about behavior, and working cooperatively as a group to solve day-to-day problems.
What is milieu therapy?
Structured to keep the same members in the group for a specified number of sessions.
What is a closed group?
Occurs when the therapist displaces onto the client attitudes or feelings from his or her past ; process can occur when the nurse responds to the client based on personal, unconscious needs and conflicts.