cell 2

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Author:
codyrayh
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133589
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cell 2
Updated:
2012-02-07 19:27:14
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  1. Centrosome
    Organelle that control flagella and celia and involved with cell replication and is composed of two centriole along with protein matrix
  2. Chromosome
    Threadlike linear strand of DNA and associated proteins in the nucleus that carries the genes and functions in the transmission of hereditary information
  3. Cilia
    Slender protuberances that project from cell body that function to move extracellular fluids and small molecules
  4. Citric acid cycle
    Series of enzyme?catalized biochemical reactions that uses acetyl?coenzyme A (from glucose) and oxygen and produces ATP and CO2
  5. Deoxyribonucleic acid
    Two long chains of nucleotides twisted into a double helix and joined by hydrogen bonds between the complementary bases adenine and thymine or cytosine and guanine that carries the genetic information in the cell
  6. DNA
    Two long chains of nucleotides twisted into a double helix and joined by hydrogen bonds between the complementary bases adenine and thymine orcytosine and guanine that carries the genetic information in the cell
  7. Endoplasmic reticulum
    Organelles composed of interconnected network of tubules, vesicles, and cisternae within cells that synthesize lipids and proteins
  8. Exocytosis
    Process by which a cell directs secretory or excretory vesicles out of the cell membrane
  9. Flagella
    Tail?like projections that protrudes from the cell body and functions in locomotion
  10. Gene
    Hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA that occupies a specific location on a chromosome and determines a particular characteristic in an organism
  11. Glycolysis
    Biochemical reaction involving the breakdown of glucose (6C) to two pyruvate (3C) molecules
  12. Golgi Apparatus
    Functions to process and package of macromolecules produced by cells into vesicles after their synthesis and prior to secretion
  13. Krebs cycle
    Series of enzyme?catalized biochemical reactions that uses acetyl?coenzyme A (from glucose) and oxygen and produces ATP and CO2
  14. Lysosome
    Specialized vesicle that contain enzymes. They absorb and break up cellular debris.
  15. Microvilli
    Slender protuberances that serve to increase surface area to aid in absorption and secretion
  16. Mitochondria
    Double membrane, oblong shaped organelle that generate most of the cell's supply ATP by TCA cycle
  17. Nuclear envelope
    Dobule lipid bi?layer membrane that encloses the nucleus and serves as the physical barrier, separating the genetic material from the cytoplasm
  18. Nuclear membrane Dobule lipid bi?layer membrane that encloses the nucleus and serves as the physical barrier, separating the genetic material from the cytoplasm
  19. Nuclear pore
    Large protein molecules that cross the nuclear envelope that are used to transport molecules across nuclear envelope
  20. Ribsome
    Small organelle that functions in protein production and is responsible for processing the genetic instructions carried by mRNA
  21. Rough endoplasmic reticulum
    Organelles whose membrane is continuous with the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope and is studded with ribosomes that manufacture and package proteins
  22. Smooth endoplasmic reticulu
    Organelle whose membrane is smooth and functions to synthesize lipids and steroids, metabolize carbohydrates and steroids, and regulate calcium concentration
  23. TCA cycle
    Series of enzyme?catalized biochemical reactions that uses acetyl?coenzyme A (from glucose) and oxygen and produces ATP and CO2
  24. Tricarboxylic acid cycle
    Series of enzyme?catalized biochemical reactions that uses acetyl?coenzyme A (from glucose) and oxygen and produces ATP and CO2
  25. Vesicle
    Bubble?like structure with at least one phospholipid by?layer that stores and transports cellular products within the cell
  26. Villi
    Slender protuberances that serve to increase surface area to aid in absorption and secretion

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