Mort Law Chapter 1
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Mort Law Chapter 1
Chapter 1 definitions and question
This is a rule of civil conduct issued by a sovereign state commanding what is right and prohibiting what is wrong. They are governmental rules that govern conduct and carry a penalty for violation
is concerned primarily with those rules of conduct prescribed by government for the performance of business transactions.
are not laws because they are not adopted by the
Religious beliefs and social morals
The American legal system we have today is primarily based on
English legal system of common law and equity.
what is common law?
1. system of judge-made law which was developed in England and brought to this country.
2. statutory law by the colonies and later by the states.
1.system of law developed through judicial decisions based upon what the courts considered right and just
2. provides for fairness and does not award damages
These differentiate the parts of the governements to its citizens.
written law made by cities
offences against society
failure to exercise reasonable care toward another person
private or civil wrongs against an individual or injuries, other than breaches of contracts, for which damages may be recovered.
is the study of the morality of conduct, its motives, and duties. Ethics is the study of the morality of conduct, its motives, and duties.
power to issue cease-and-desist orders
court's temporary order forbidding an action
court's permanent order forbidding a specific action
appellate court decisions that establish precedented principles
any fundamental or important law or edict
document that contains fundamental principles of a government
an agency of federal government created in 1914 to promote free and fair competition by prevention of trade restraints, price fixing, false advertising, and other unfair methods of competition
Federal Trade Commission (F.T.C.) -
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (O.S.H.A.)
a governmental agency with the responsibility for regulatory and enforcement of safety and health matters for most employees
Prosecutor or district attorney
government employee who brings criminal actions
an act showing inherent baseness or vileness of principle or action; shameless wickedness; depravity
the intentional failure to perform a manifest duty in reckless disregard of the consequences as affecting the life or property of another
improper or negligent professional act by a professional person
Collection of laws, rules, or regulations
Law enacted by legislative bodies
Custom which has come to be recognized as binding by the courts is
Principle or ideal bassd on religious beliefs, experience, culture, and scientific knowledge
t/f. laws are based on societys judgment of what is right and wrong.
t/f. law regulates any unethical behavior that harms others
t/f. Codes of ethics are purely voluntary guidlines.
A major root of american law
this is custom that has come to be recognized by the courts as binding on the community.