World Religions Islam
Card Set Information
World Religions Islam
–contraction of the Arabic term “al ilah” which means “the God”
–used by Muslims and Arabic speaking Christians and Jews to
refer to God
–Plain where the Talbiyah is recited
–9th day of the Hajj, climax
–Sunnis regard him as Muhammad’s first rightful successor/
–Muhammad’s uncle and guardian, who never became a Muslim.
–Site of the treaty made
between Meccans and Muslims in 628 CE.
–Muslims would not invade
–Meccans would allow Muslims to come
once a year
–Future figure who will prepare
the way for Jesus’ return prior to the resurrection.
–Unknown figure for Sunnis
–Hidden Imam named Muhammad Al Mahdi for Shi’ites
–successors to Muhammad
–not considered prophets, but
–Last month of the Islamic
–The month of the Hajj.
–Personal prayer in addition to
–Similar to LDS idea of
– traditions concerning the
sayings or actions of Muhammad.
–the pilgrimage to Mecca, which
is to be made once in a person’s lifetime if financially and physically
–one of the five pillars
–Muhammad's emigration from
Mecca to Yathrib in 622 CE (Night Migration)
–marks the beginning of the
–two white cotton cloths worn
by male Muslims on their pilgrimage to Mecca. Symbolic of the state of purity
that all pilgrims assume while on the Hajj.
–Prayer leader in all forms of
–One of the 12 Shi’ite leaders with both political
and religious authority.
–“submission” or surrender to
–literally meaning “striving” or “struggling” to serve god
and the umma.
–sometimes involves armed struggle against outside aggression
–in Arabic legend, a spirit often capable of assuming human
or animal form with supernatural power (genie)
Good or bad (legends also
contain angels and ghouls
– The black draped cubicle structure in Mecca which contains
the black stone and which according to legend was built by Abraham and his son
–the first wife of Muhammad.
–First person to covert to Islam, very supportive
–One of two small hills (the other=al Safa) located in Mecca, between
which Muslims walk rapidly back and forth seven times during the Haji. (Sa’y)
–most scared place of Islam
–birthplace of Muhammad
–location of the Ka’bah
–Shortened from “Madinat Al-Nabi” meaning “city of the prophet”
–second holiest site in Islam.
–Formerly Yathrib, to which Muhammad fled in
622 CE and ruled, establishing many basic institutions of Islam.
Muhammad was buried here
–in a mosque, a niche or decorative panel designating the
direction of the Ka’bah.
–Site half way between Mecca and Arafat where various
ceremonies take place during the Hajj.
–tower on a mosque from which the call to prayer is given
–means “place of prostration” for the ritual prayers.
–center for Islamic communal life where prayers are held,
religious education conducted, and charitable service provided
–individual who gives call to prayer
– a person who practices Islam, means literally “one who
submits to God”
Journey in 620 CE when Muhammad was flown
on a winged from Mecca to Jerusalem and then taken into the presence of God.
Escape from Mecca to Yathrib in 622.
Night of power
Night of Muhammad’s call when Gabriel
appeared to him
– means recitation” or “reading”
– holy book of Islam, which is the mind and will of Allah
delivered to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel.
–the dominant tribe of Mecca
–It was both the tribe to which Muhammad belonged and his
chief antagonist in the Muslim-Quraysh
Al Safa and Al Marwa are two small hills located in Mecca, between which Muslims
walk rapidly back and forth seven times during the Hajj. (Sa’y
–prayers said five items a day
–One of the five pillars
–Fast during the month of Ramadan (daylight hours)
–Time of introspection, seeking forgiveness, almsgiving
–The 27th day of Ramada is the Night of Power
–One of the pillars of Islam
ritual walking quickly back and forth
between the hills Marwah and Safa’ commemorating Hagar’s frantic search for
–the Muslim’s confession of faith
: “there is no God but God
and Muhammad is his messenger”
–first of the five pillars
–the all inclusive legal code of Islam
–Muslims who believe that leadership of the community should
have passed to Muhammad's son in law Ali and should be hereditary.
–Mystic group who try to recapture Muhammad’s experience of
oneness with deity.
–Some become ascetic.
–Spinning in rituals— “whirling dervishes”
–Among Sunnis and Shi’ites
–the majority sect of Islam who believe Abu Bakr was the rightful successor to
Muhammad because he was the senior disciple. They reject the Shi’ite claim that lineage determines
a person’s right to lead the umma
–Recitation on the plain of Arafat
•"Here I am at Thy service O Lord, here I am. Here I am
at Thy service and Thou hast no partners. Thine
alone is All Praise and All Bounty, and Thine
alone is The Sovereignty. Thou hast no partners."
–The climax of the Hajj
–the world wide community of Muslims
–Original name of the city to which the prophet moved in 622
CE and which is now called Medina.
– the practice of giving 2.5 percent of one’s accumulated
wealth to support the umma, embodiment of the principle
of charitable giving
–one of the five pillars
–Well near the Ka’bah
in Mecca which appeared in response to Hagar and Ishmael’s need for water.