ISP 203A Exam !

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ISP 203A Exam !
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2012-02-08 01:13:50
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ISP 203A cards
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  1. The Method
    • 1) start with 1 or more axioms
    • 2) use logical reasoning to prove a more complex statement or proposition.
    • 3) This statement then becomes an axiom in a way.
  2. Axiom
    self evident statements, that are beyond dispute
  3. Euclid
    Developed principles of plane geometry
  4. Aristotle
    worked with other classical writers to understand other facets of the world.
  5. Eratosthenes
    • using manual measurements
    • earth is a spere- diameters within 1% and tilted on an axis for seasons
  6. Classic Civilization: Golden Age
    • 1,000 yrs ago"most glorious city- bagdad.
    • Arabic #'s, mathematics
  7. Renaissance
    • -rediscovers knowledge
    • -global exploration
    • -Columbus test the"flat world theory" with Spain
  8. Sir Francis Bacon
    • -mental baggage
    • -Theater of the Mind
  9. Galileo Galilei
    • -relationships between books and literacy
    • -Application of observation and common sense
    • -Falling Bodies: proved things fall at the same rate w/o external affairs
    • -first to see venus
  10. Yohan Gutenberg
    • influential millenium person
    • -invented the movable type
  11. Copernicus
    -question the 'church" theory about the eartch being the center of the univerese based on math
  12. Roman Inquisition
    • Power struggle (scientist vs the church)
    • galieo makes observation that the sun is the center of the unicerse and writes about it
  13. Progress of Science
    • Physics
    • Chemistry
    • Biology
  14. Linus Pauling
    Vitamin C and The Common Cold (placebo)
  15. Paul Broca
    measured brain capacity and intelligence
  16. Relative Density
    • -determines whteher something floats or sinks
    • Ice is less dense than water
  17. Density/ Temperature
    • Temp ^ expansion (density decreases)
    • Temp decreases - contraction (density increases)
  18. Geologicial Sequence
    patterns of rocks that represent time
  19. Lithological Correlation
    • matching up rock sequences
    • works only over a short distance
  20. Greeks 3 Assumptions
    • 1. Nothing Beyond Human Comprehension
    • 2) Universer is A Machine
    • 3) Unchangable
  21. William "Strata" Smith
    • Canal and drainage projects
    • Fossile collector of index/guide fossils
    • Index guide: fossil found in specific layers
  22. Biostratigraphic Correlation
    • study of rock layders
    • classifying rock layers based on index layers
  23. Geological Time Scale (Smith)
    • Era
    • Period
    • Epoch
    • Age
    • Chron
  24. Cenozoic
    • Youngest of 3 Eras
    • Divided into 2 periods;
    • Quaternary (younger)
    • Tertiary (neogene and palegene) (older)
  25. Mesozoic
    • 3 Periods
    • Cretaceous: white marine chalk
    • Jurassic: geographic location
    • Triassic :3 rock layer sequence
  26. Paleozoic
    • 6 Parts:
    • Permian
    • Carboniferous
    • Devonian
    • Silurian
    • Ordovician
    • Cambrain
  27. Radiogenic Dating
    • Atomic #-atomic mass
    • radioactivity- unstable isotopes emit radioactive material
    • Isotopes- same # of protons, different # of neutrons
  28. Willard F. Libby
    • Radioactive decay used as a clock
    • WWII- Manhattan Project: produce bombs when new technology was created.
    • Perfected Carbon 14 Dating
  29. Carbon 14 Dating
    • Reference Count
    • Given End Count
    • 5730- half life of carbon 14
    • Formula: refernce count/e until you get to Ending Count. Take that # and *5730 + age of reference sample
  30. Nuclear Fusion
    make atoms really hot that they fuse together
  31. Ages
    • Sun & Earth 4.6 Billion
    • Solar System 5billion
  32. Nebular Hypothesis
    • -Star fomation of gas rich clusters, rotating disks
    • -collisions between gas molecules
  33. Inner Planets
    • Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars- rock like
    • -Asteroid Belt
  34. Outer Planets
    Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune - hydrogen, thick atmosphere
  35. Large Planets
    • stable gases in atmosphere, cant obtain escape velocity
    • easily hangs on to atmosphere
  36. Smaller Planets
    • low amounts of gravity
    • small, hot planets-lose gases easily

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