MedSurgChtp 21

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harstanner
ID:
133722
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MedSurgChtp 21
Updated:
2012-02-08 11:41:06
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MedSurgChapter 21 Assessment Respirator Function
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Description:
Chapter 21 Assessment of Respiratory Function
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  1. Temporary cessation of breathing
    Apnea
  2. abnormal increase in clarity of transmitted voice sounds
    bronchophony
  3. direct examination of larynx, trachea, and bronchi using an endoscope
    bronchoscopy
  4. short hair that provide a constant whipping motion that serves to propel mucus and foreign substances away from the lung toward the larynx
    cilia
  5. measure of the force required to expand or inflate the lungs
    compliance
  6. soft, high-pitched, discontinuous popping sound auring inspiration caused by delayed reopening of the airways
    crackles
  7. exchange of gas molecules from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration
    diffusion
  8. labored breathing or shortness of breath
    dyspnea
  9. abnormal changes in tone of voice that is heard when auscultating lungs
    egophony
  10. vibrations of speech felt as tremors of chest wall during palpation
    fremitus
  11. expectoration of blood from the respiratory tract
    hemoptysis
  12. decrease in arterial oxygen tension in the blood
    hypoxemia
  13. continous muscial sounds associated with airway narrowing or partial obstruction
    wheezes
  14. movement of air in and out of the airways
    ventilation
  15. volume of air inspired and expired with each breath during normal breathing
    tidal volume
  16. abnormally rapid respirations
    tachypnea
  17. harsh high-pitched sound heard on inspiration , usually without need of stethoscope, secondary to upper airway obstruction
    stridor
  18. low-pitched wheezing or snoring sound associated with partial airway obstruction, heard on chest auscultation
    rhonchi
  19. gas exchange between atmospheric air and the blood between the blood and cells of the body
    respiration
  20. blodd flow through the pulmonary vasculature
    pulmonary perfusion
  21. portion of the tracheobronchial tree that does not participate in gas exchange
    physiologic dead space
  22. percentage of hemoglobin that is bound
    oxygen saturation
  23. inability to breathee easily except in tn upright position
    othopnea
  24. temporary absence of breathing during sleep secondary to transient upper airwar obstruction
    Obstructive Sleep Apena

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