VTA 130

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Author:
poppypants01
ID:
133728
Filename:
VTA 130
Updated:
2012-02-08 14:28:07
Tags:
Lab Procedures
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Description:
Lab
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  1. List 5 external parasites of concern in vet studies:
    • Fleas (ctenocephalides)
    • Ticks
    • Lice (pediculosis)
    • Mites (skin and ear)
    • Fungus
    • Flea
    • Ctenocephalides
    • External Parasite
    • Vector for tapeworm
    • Can cause FAD, flea anemia or alopecia
    • Tick:
    • Ixodes
    • Dermacentor
  2. Which tick transmits Lyme disease?
    • Ixodes
  3. Which tick transmits Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever?
    • American Dog Tick/Dermacentor
  4. Name 2 conditions common Ixodes ticks can cause in animals:
    • Babesia (protozoan)
    • Ehrlichia (bacteria transmitted by tick)
  5. Lice/Pediculosis
  6. Demodex
    • otodectes
    • ear mite
    • Sarcoptes
    • Sarcoptic mange/scabies
    • Cheyletiella mite
    • Walking Dandruff
    • diagnosed with tape technique
  7. Name 3 intestinal parasites that are Nematodes:
    • Roundworm
    • Hookworm
    • Whipworms
  8. Name 3 other internal parasites:
    • Heartworms (nematode, not intestinal)
    • Protozoa
    • Cestodes (tapeworms)
  9. What is a Cestode?
    • Class of tapeworm
    • Dipylidium
    • Taniea
    • Fleas are a vector
  10. What is a Nematode?
    Class of roundworm
  11. Name 6 species of Nematodes:
    • Hookworm
    • Heartworm
    • Whipworm
    • Roundworm
    • Threadworm
    • Strongyles (in horses)
    • Roundworm/Toxocara egg
    • lives in various parts of body
    • causes cough, vomit, diarrhea
    • Can be seen in feces and vomit
    • Whipworm
    • Trichuris vulpis
    • Hookworm
    • Ancylostoma
    • Burrows into skin
  12. What is the scientific name of heartworm?
    • dirofilaria immitis
    • mosquito is a vector
    • classified as a nematode
  13. Name 4 prtozoa significant to vet studies:
    • giardia
    • toxoplasma
    • babesia
    • coccidia
  14. What PPEs are needed in the lab?
    • gloves
    • mask
    • apron/gown
    • glasses/goggles
  15. What is used to clean and calibrate a refractometer?
    distilled water
  16. What is used to clean a microscope lens?
    lens paper and alcohol
  17. Name 2 toxins to be aware of in the lab:
    • Formalin
    • Stains (gram, diff quick...)
  18. What is a RED top tube used for and what does it have in it?
    Used mostly for urine, can be used for serum and is empty (no anti-coag, blood will clot in these tubes)
  19. What is the MARBLE top tube used for and what does it have in it?
    • Used to obtain serum and has a serum seperator that looks like vaseline (no anti-coag, blood will clot)
    • Once spun down in centrifuge, tube will have 3 layers: red cells, serum seperator and serum
  20. What is the LAVENDER top tube used for and what does it have in it?
    Used for whole blood, plasma or CBC and has the anti-coagul
  21. What is the BLUE top tube used for and what does it have in it?
    Used for whole blood for clotting profiles and contains sodium citrate as an anticoagulant
  22. What is the GREEN top tube used for and what does it have in it?
    Used for plasma and has sodium heparin as an anti-coagulant
  23. What is in red striped PCV tubes and what are these tubes used for?
    Used for blood directly from the animal (as opposed to from a larger tube) and has heparin as anti-coag.
  24. What is in blue striped PCV tubes and what are these tubes used for?
    Used for blood from tube that already has anti-coag (purple top tubes), so there are no agents in this tube

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