MedSurgChpt23

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harstanner
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133742
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MedSurgChpt23
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2012-02-15 11:31:29
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MedSurg Chapter 23 Chest Lower Respiratory Tract Disorder
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MedSurg Chapter 23 Chest and Lower Respiratory Tract Disorder
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  1. an umbrella term for hypoxemic, respiratory failure; acute respiratory distress syndrome is a severe form of acute lung injury
    acute lung injury
  2. nonspecific pulmonary response to a variety of pulmonary and nonpulmonary unsults to the lung; characterized by interstitial infiltrates, alveolare hemorrage, aelectasis, decreased compliance, and refractory hypoxemia
    acute respiratory distress syndrome
  3. diffuse lung fibrosis resulting from exposure to asbestos fibers
    asbestosis
  4. collapse or airless condition of the alveoli caused by hypoventilation, obstruction to the airways, or compression
    atelectasis
  5. bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes due to hemoglobin carrying reduced amounts of oxygen
    central cyanosis
  6. lung tissue that has become more solid in nature due to collapse of alveoli or infectious process (pneumonia)
    consolidation
  7. the ratio between ventilation and perfusion in the lung; matching of ventilation to perfusion to optimize gas exchange
    ventialtion-perfusion ratio
  8. through the bronchial wall, as in a transbronchial lung biopsy
    transbronchial
  9. insertion of a needle into the pleural space to remove fluid that has accumulated and decrease pressure on the lung tissue; may also be used diagnostically to identify potential causes of a pleural effusion
    bhoracentesis
  10. pneumothorax characterized by increasing positive pressure in the pleural space with each breath; this is an emergency situation and the positive pressure needs to be decompressed; or released immediately
    tension pneumothorax
  11. disease of the lungs that cause a decrease in lung volumes
    restrictive lung disease
  12. consisting of, containing, or discharging pus
    purulent
  13. obstruction of the pulmonary vasculature with an embolus; embolus may be due to blood clot, air bubbles, or fat droplets
    pulmonary embolism
  14. increase in the amount of extravascular fluid in the lung
    pulmonary edema
  15. partial or complete collapse of the lung due to positive pressure in the pleural space
    pneumothorax
  16. the area between the parietal and visceral pleurae, a potential
    pleural space
  17. localizatin grating or creaking sound caused by the rubbing together of inflamed parietal and visceral pleurae
    pleural friction rub
  18. abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
    pleural effusion
  19. shortness of breath when reclining or in the supine positions
    orthopnea
  20. biopsy of lung tissue perfomed through a limited thoracotomy
    open lung biopsy
  21. pertaining to or originating from a hospitalization; not present at the time of hospitalization
    nosocomial
  22. an abnormally hard lesion or reaction, as in a postive tuberculin skin test
    induration
  23. partial or complete collapse of the lung due to blood accumulating in the pleural space; may occur after surgery or trauma
    hemothorax
  24. the coughing up fo blood from the lower respiratory tract
    hemoptysis
  25. insertion of a needle through a chest wall to obtain cells of a mass or tumor; usually performed under fluoroscopy or chest computed tomography guidance
    fine-needle aspiration
  26. accumulation of purulent material in the pleural space
    empyema
  27. "heart of the lungs", enlargement of the right ventricle from hypertrophy or dilation or as a secondary response to disorders that affects the lungs
    cor pulmonale

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