PSYC FINAL

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tenorsextets
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133868
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PSYC FINAL
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2012-02-09 01:37:41
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  1. "Paraphilia" literally means:
    A) attraction to paras
    B) strange sexual practicies
    C) fantasy sixation
    D) abnormal love
    D) abnormal love
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Part of the arousal for the exhibitionist is the _______ response of the victim.
    A) pleasure
    B) non-
    C) shock
    D) fear
    C) shock
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The one paraphilic behavior that is found in both men and women (although still more common in men) is ______.
    A) sexual masochism
    B) exhibitionism
    C) voyeurism
    D) transvestism
    A) sexual masochism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Psychodynamic theory of the origins of paraphilias can be most closely associated with
    A) Masters and Johnson
    B) Maslow
    C) Freud
    D) H. Ellis
    C) Freud
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. _______ involves telling the client to masturbate using objects, fantasies, or images related to his paraphilia, but as orgasm apporaches, he is instructed to switch completely to more objects, fantasies, and images of more mainstream, socially acceptable sexual behaviors.
    A) aversion therapy
    B) orgasmic reconditioning
    C) masturbatory re-initiation
    D) socail skills training
    B) orgasmic reconditioning
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Paraphilias may, in some cases, be realated to a psychological condition called:
    A) depression
    B) transvestism
    C) obsessive-compulsive disorder
    D) PTSD
    C) obsessive-compulsive disorder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. A "peeping Tom" is another name for a
    A) machismo
    B) exhibitionist
    C) fortteurism
    D) voyeurism
    D) voyeurism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Someone who is a frotteurist enjoys______
    A) displaying their genitals
    B) crowded subways
    C) watching people make love
    D) peering through windows
    B) crowded subways
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The most successful treatments appear to be found among_____
    A) those who are treated early in their history
    B) those who are the most motivated to stop
    C) all answers
    D) those who involve themselves in normal adult sexual realationships
    C) all answers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The most dangerous of all the paraphilias is:
    A) sexual masochism
    B) autoerotic asphyxiation
    C) transvestism
    D) frotteruism
    B) autoerotic asphyxiation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. According to the America Psychological Association, sexual orientation is viewed as a(n)_____
    A) either/or phenomenon
    B) dichotomous model
    C) contiuum
    D) bipolar model
    C) contiuum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. When looking at research comparing the relatioship of gay and lesbian couples to heterosexual couples, which of these statements is FALSE?
    A) heterosexual couples are less able to calm down, soothe each other, and move past a problem as quickly as gay or lesbian couples
    B) Gay and lesbian couples use more humore and withdraw affection less
    C) gay and lesbian couples establish equal balance of relationship power
    D) heterosexual couples tend to be less hostile and controlling toward one another
    D) heterosexual couples tend to be less hostile and controlling toward one another
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. One study foud that approximately _______ of gay or bisexual male teens had attempted suicide.
    A) 10%
    B) 30%
    C) 20%
    D) 60%
    B) 30%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. What we know about bisexuality is that ____.
    A) all answers
    B) they are subject to the same prejudice and discrimination by the heterosexual majority but they encounter it in the gay world too
    C) these are not people who are trying to hide that they are actually gay or lesbian
    D) they are not more highly sexed that any other group of people
    A) all answers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. At the time of this textbook's publication, _____ countries worldwide have passed national legislation forbidding discrimination based on sexual orientation.
    A) 57
    B) 25
    C) 39
    D) 14
    C) 39
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. One study described in the text to support reaction formation theory found that those men who scored highest on homophobia became:
    A) unable to stop thinking about gay men
    B) irritable and hostile
    C) turned off by viewing gay videos
    D) sexually aroused in response to gay male videos
    D) sexually aroused in response to gay male videos
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. States that have passed civil union laws that allow same sex marriages include:
    A) Vermont and Connecticut
    B) Connecticut and New York
    C) Massachusettes and California
    D) California and Texas
    A) Vermont and Connecticut
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following are myths and misconceptions about gay and lesbian relationships?
    A) Gay and lesbian relationships are more likely to be unhappy and dysfunctional than are heterosexual relationships
    B) all answers
    C) most lesbian and gay people are isolated from society and do not have meaningful social support networks
    D) most gay and lesbians are unable to form close enduring romantic relationships and prefer to be promiscuous
    B) all answers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Cass' model of coming out begins with
    A) identity tolerance
    B) identity acceptance
    C) identity comparison
    D) identity confusion
    C) identity comparison
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. According to Troiden's model, _____ occurs in the early 20s, but typically somwhat later for women than for men and involves learning to cope with the prejudice and discrimination.
    A) sensitization
    B) identity assumption
    C) commitment
    D) identity confusion
    B) identity assumption
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Another name for a house of prostitution is _____.
    A) massage parlor
    B) brothel
    C) all answers
    D) bordello
    B) brothel
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Many sex workers feel constantly pressured to engage in prostitution because of:
    A) lacking the education of training to find other forms of work
    B) all answers
    C) living in extremem pverty
    D) often supporting children
    B) all answers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. About ____ of pornographic material involves actual physical violence or rape.
    A) 50%
    B) 30-50%
    C) 1-3%
    D) 10-30%
    D) 10-30%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. In a study comparing pornographic videos made by men for men with videos designed by women for women _____.
    A) men rated all the videos more positively than women
    B) women rated all the videos more positively than did the men
    C) men rated only the videos made by men higher
    D) there was no difference in women and men's ratings
    D) there was no difference in women and men's ratings
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. All of the following reasons were given for why men go to prostitutes, except:
    A) to improve their sex skills
    B) lonliness
    C) satisfy an overly strong sex drive
    D) curiosity about sex with other women
    A) to improve their sex skills
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. A high-priced prostitute who accepts clients by appointment is called ___.
    A) brothel owner
    B) call girl
    C) streetwalker
    D) massage therapist
    B) call girl
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The most common activity requested by clients of streetwalkers is:
    A) anal sex
    B) vaginal sex
    C) oral sex
    D) mutual masturbation
    C) oral sex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Sexually explicit material depicting expressions of physical desire, passion, and attraction between two people making love would be defined as:
    A) illegal sex
    B) porn
    C) erotica
    D) obscenity
    C) erotica
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Prostitution is often as an exchange of sexual services for all of the following except:
    A) valued objects
    B) drugs
    C) sex
    D) money
    C) sex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Studies examining the link between violence and pron are:
    A) causal
    B) real-life
    C) correlational
    D) longitudinal
    C) correlational
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. What is Title 7 of the federal laws?
    cannot discriminate on the basis of sex
  32. Fair Employment and Housing act in CA:
    can't discriminate in housing or employment on basis of sex
  33. Title 9 in federal laws:
    (excludes football because there is noequivalent female version) cannot be excluded from school activitieson the basis of sex
  34. CA Civil Code 51.9:
    prohibit sexual harassment by a person who has aprofessional relationship with the victim (includes teachers)
  35. CA Educational Code:
    prohibits sexual discrimination or harassment ina school program; each school must have a written discrimination code
  36. Types of Prostitutes:
    • Streetwalkers: (low level) prostitutes on the street
    • Call Girls: girls that you call for sex
    • Brothel Workers: one “rooster” and many “chickens”
    • Male Prostitutes:
    • *gigilos/male escorts: male that is there to keep women company
    • *hustlers: “streetwalker” and “call girl” combined, but they're guys
  37. The Backgrounds of Prostitutes:
    • -poverty
    • -early sexual initiation
    • -drug addiction
    • -childhood abuse
  38. Number 1 clients of prostitutes?
    • -heterosexual married man
    • -mostly white
    • -some college education, working full time, age 26-35
  39. definition of Pornography:
    • Photos, films, literature intended to be sexually
    • arousing; explicit depictions of sexual activities.
  40. What is the "moral standard"?
    "What would a reasonable person say?"
  41. definition of Obscenity:
    depiction of sexual activity in repulsive or disgusting manner.
  42. Difference between porn and erotica?
    Erotica has artistic value to it
  43. Criteria for Judging Paraphilia
    • -behavior is harmful or destructive to the person engaging in it
    • -illegal
    • -interferes with relationships
    • -can involve other people without their consent
  44. 8 MAJOR
    PARAPHILIAS
    Exhibitionism:

    -over
    period of 6 months
    -acting
    fantasies

    Fetishism:
    -6
    months
    -nonliving
    objects

    Frotteruism:
    -6
    months
    -touching
    or rubbing on nonconsenting people
    Pedophilia:
    -6
    months
    -recurring
    sexual arousals on children under 13 (at least 5)
    -person
    must be at least 16 to be a pedophile

    Sexual
    masochism:
    -6
    months
    -receive
    pain


    Sadism:
    -6
    months
    -give
    pain and humiliation


    Transvestism:
    -6
    months
    -opposite
    sex clothing
    -in
    heterosexual male


    Voyeurism:
    -6
    months
    -observing
    unsuspecting person who is naked, in process of disrobing, or
    engaging in sexual activity
    • -behavior is harmful or destructive to the person engaging in it
    • -illegal
    • -interferes with relationships
    • -can involve other people without their consent
  45. 8 major paraphilias
    • exhibitionism
    • fetishism
    • frotteuism
    • pedophilia
    • sexual masochism
    • sadism
    • transvesitsm
    • voyeurism
  46. exhibitionism
    acting out fantasies, showing genetilia
  47. fetishism
    obsession with non-living object
  48. frotteurism
    rubbing genetilia on other people
  49. Psychodynamic theories of paraphilias
    • •Unconsciousness motivation
    • •early childhood experiences
    • •psychosexual development
    • •defense mechanism
  50. behavioral theories of paraphilias
    • •observational learning
    • •classical conditioning
    • •operant conditioning
  51. Coercive paraphilias
    against another and against their will
  52. treatments for paraphilias:
    • •incorporation therapy
    • •psychotherapy:
    • -Cognitive-behavior therapy
    • -Aversion Therapy
    • -Covert Sensitization Therapy
    • •orgasmic reconditioning
    • •drug therapy
  53. Alfred Kinsey scale of sexuality:
    • 0: exclusively hetero
    • 1: predominantly hetero, incidentally homo
    • 2: predominantly hetero, more than incidentally homo
    • 3: equally hetero and homo (VERY RARE)
    • 4: predominantly homo, more than incidentally hetero
    • 5: predominantly homo, incidentally hetero
    • 6: exclusively homo
  54. Domestic partnerships:
    state doesn't recognize gays can be married
  55. Civil unions:
    similar to domestic partnerships, gay couple is recognized asa couple by law (not allowed anymore) like a marriage, but it's not amarriage
  56. difference in hetero and homo couples
    nothing except for how they have sex
  57. What is odd about a gay male's thalimus?
    same size as female thalimus
  58. EXOTIC BECOMES EROTIC THEORY (EBE) – why they think people become gay
    • A) Biological Variables: biological temperaments are there
    • B) Childhood temperaments: children who prefer same sex playmates aregender conforming
    • C) Sex-typical or sex-atypical: gender conforming will feel differentfrom opposite sex peers, gender nonconforming will feel differentfrom same sex peers
    • D) Feeling different from opposite sex or same sex peers: male-typical will feel “girls are yucky”
    • E/F) Psychological arousal to opposite or same sex: Coming out-when do people come out? In late teens and 20s, not always case; can beyounger these days-the coming out process
  59. Cass' model of homosexuality identity formation
    • 1) identity awareness: individual is conscious about being different
    • 2) identity comarison: tries to act hetero to hide the fact that their homo
    • 3) identity tolerance: individual realizes they're gay
    • 4) identity acceptance: individual begins to explore the gay community
    • 5) identity pride: individual become active in gay community
    • 6) synthesis: individual fully accepts him or herself and others
  60. Troidon's Formation of homosexual identities
    • 1) sensitization stage: before puberty, individual has homosexual feelings withoutunderstanding it
    • 2) identity confusion stage: during adolescence, individual realizes they mightbe gay
    • 3) identity assumption stage: late teens/early twenties, individual comes out ashomosexual, usually first in homosexual community and thenheterosexual community
    • 4) commitment stage: twenties, individual adopts homosexual lifestyle
  61. dangers of coming out:
    • -some people don't want it
    • -hate crimes
  62. first theory about the formation of homosexual identities?
    Cass
  63. Which theory on homosexual identity is age specific
    Troiden

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