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people who strongly desire to be of the other sex and lives as a person of the other sex
one's belief that one is male or female
sense of incongruity between one's anatomic sex and one's gender identity
extremely feminine gay males who seek sex reassignment
descriptive of transsexuals who are sexually stimulated by fantasies that their own bodies are female
Prevalence of Transsexualism
- 50,000 in US
- 20,000 have undergone sex reassignment surgery
process by which children acquire behavior that is deemed appropriate to their sex
What age do children acquire gender-role stereotypes?
Social Learning Theory
- observational learning
- form concepts, or schemas, about gender then conform their behavior to their gender concepts.
- Kohlberg's three concepts: gender identity, stability, and constancy
Gender Schema Theory
children develop a gender schema as a means of organizing their perceptions of the world.
a state characterized by possession of both stereotypical masculine traits and stereotypical feminine traits