chapter 11: Congress vocab

Card Set Information

chapter 11: Congress vocab
2012-02-09 00:02:25
ap government

vocab about congress
Show Answers:

  1. constituent
    the residents of congressional district or state
  2. reapportionment
    • the assigning by Congress of congressional seats after each census (10 yrs)
    • state legislatures reapportion state legislative districts
  3. redistricting
    the redrawing of congressional and other legislative district lines following the census, to accommodate population shifts and keep districts as equal as possible in population
  4. gerrymandering
    the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit party, group, or incumbent
  5. safe seat
    an elected office that is predictably won by one party or the other, so the success of that party's candidate is almost taken for granted
  6. incumbent
    current holder of an office
  7. earmarks
    special spending projects that are set aside on behalf of indiv members of Congress for their consitutents
  8. bicameralism
    two house legislature
  9. enumerated powers
    explicitly give to Congress in the Congress
  10. speaker
    presiding officer in the HoR, formally elected by the House but actually selected by the majority party
  11. party caucus
    • meeting of the members of a party in a legislative chamber to select party leaders and to develop party policy
    • called conference by Republicans
  12. majority leader
    the legislative leader selected by the majority party who helps plan party strategy, confers with other party leaders, and tried to keep members of the party in line
  13. minority leader
    the legislative leader selected by the minority party as spokesman for the opposition
  14. whip
    • the party leader who is the liason btwn the leadership and the rank-and-file in the legislature
    • assists floor leader to inform members
  15. closed rule
    procedural rule in the House that prohibits any amendments to bills or provides that only members of the committee reporting the bill may offer amendments
  16. open rule
    a procedural rule in teh House that permits floor amendments within the overall time allocated to the bill (HoR does not get unlimited debate time)
  17. president pro tempore
    an officer of the senate selected by the mojority party to act as chair in the absense of the VP
  18. hold
    procedural practice in the Senate whereby a senator temporarily blocks the consideration of a bill or nomination
  19. filibuster
    a procedural practice in the Senate whereby a senator refuses to relingquish the floor and thereby delays proceedings and prevents a vote on a controversial issue
  20. cloture
    procedure for terminating debate, esp filibusters, in the Senate
  21. standing committee
    permanent committee estabilshed in a legislature, usually focusing on a policy area
  22. special/select committee
    congressional committee created for a specific purpose, sometimes to conduct and investigation
  23. joint committee
    • composed of members of both the House and the Senate
    • oversee the Library of Congress and conduct investigations
  24. seniority rule
    a legislative practice that assigns the chair of a (sub)committee to the member of the majority party with the longest continuous service on the committee
  25. conference committee
    appointed by the presiding officers of each champer to adjust differences on a particular bill passed by each house in different form
  26. delegate
    • offical who is expected to rep the views of hi/her constituents even when personally holding diff views
    • one interpretation of the role of a legislator
  27. trustee
    • offical who is expected to vote independently based on his/her judgment of the circumstances
    • another interpretation of the legislator
  28. logrolling
    • mutual aid and vote trading among legislators
    • vote with colleague expecting for the favor to be returned later
  29. attentive public
    citizens who follow public affairs closely
  30. discharge petition
    if signed by a majority of the members of the House of Rep, will pry a bill from committee and bring it to the floor for consideration
  31. rider
    a provision attached to a bill (doesn't have to be related) in order to secure its passage or defeat
  32. pocket veto
    veto after Congress is not in session if prez takes no action for ten days
  33. override
    action by Congress to reverse a prez veto by 2/3 vote in each chamber