chapter 11: congress vocab

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basav21
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chapter 11: congress vocab
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2012-02-09 06:30:27
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vocab
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  1. reapportionment
    • the assigning by Congress of congressional seats after each census (ten yrs)
    • state legislatures reapportion state legislative districts
  2. redistricting
    the redrawing of congressional and other legislative district lines folling the census (ten yr) to accommodate population shifts and keep districts as equal as possible in population
  3. gerrymandering
    drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent
  4. safe seat
    office predictably won
  5. earmarks
    • special spending projects that are set aside one behalf of indiv members of congress for their constituents
    • usually slipped in legislative packages at last minute
  6. speaker
    presiding officer in the HoR, formally elected by the House but actually selected by the majority party
  7. party caucus
    • meeting of the members of a party in a legislative chamber to select party leaders and to develop party policy
    • called conference by Repubs
  8. majority leader
    legislative leader selected by the majority party who helps plan party strategy, confers with other party leaders, and tries to keep members of the party in line
  9. minority leaders
    the legislative leader selected by the minority party as spokesperson for the opposition
  10. whip
    • party leader who is the liaison btwn the leadership and the rank-and-file (other members) in the legislature
    • help keep them informed
  11. closed rule
    rule in House that prohibits any amendments to bills or provides that only members of the committee reporting the bill may offer amendments
  12. open rule
    rule in the HoR that premits floor amendments within the over time allocated for the bill
  13. president pro tempore
    officer of the Senate elected by the majority party to as as chair in the absense of the vice president (head of Senate)
  14. filibuster
    • a procedural practice in the Senate wherey a senator refuses to relinquish the floor and thereby delays proceeding and prevents a vot on a controversial issues
    • (unlimited debate)
  15. hold
    a procedural practice in the Senate whereby a senator temporarily blocks the consideration of a bill or nomination
  16. cloture
    terminating debate, esp filibusters, in the Senate
  17. standing committee
    permanant committee estab in a legislature, usually focusing on a policy area
  18. special/select committee
    created for specific purpose, sometimes to conduct an investigation
  19. joint committee
    • composed of members of HoR and Senate
    • oversee the library of Congress and conduct investigations
  20. seniority rule
    assigns the chair of a (sub)committee to the member of the majority party with the longest continuous service on the committee
  21. conference committee
    appointed by the presiding officers of each chamber to adjest differences on a particular bill passed by each in diff form
  22. delegate
    • official who is expected to rep the views of his/her constituents even when personally holding diff views
    • one interpretation of role of the legis
  23. trustee
    • offcial who is expected t ovote independently based on his/her judgment of the circumstances
    • one interpretation of the role of legis
  24. logrolling
    • mutual aid and vote trading among legislators
    • vote for something with colleague --> he returns the favor later by supporting something you do
  25. attentive public
    citizens who follow public affairs closely
  26. discharge petition
    if signed by a majority of the members of the house or rep, will pry a bill from committee and bring it to the floor
  27. rider
    provision attached to a bill (doesn't have to be related) in order to secure passage or defeat
  28. pocket veto
    when Congress is no longer in session, if the president takes no action for ten days
  29. override
    reverse veto by 2/3 vote in both houses

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