a&p Ch.1

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Author:
aragongaby
ID:
134045
Filename:
a&p Ch.1
Updated:
2012-02-09 14:46:50
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human body
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chapter 1
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  1. First to illustrate correctly the human skeleton?
    Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
  2. What is Anatomy?
    The study of the structure of the body
  3. What is Physiology
    The study of the functions of body parts.
  4. What is Pathology?
    The study of the diseases of the body.
  5. What are the Four basic reference systems?
    Directions, planes, cavities and structural units.
  6. one who studies the human body's structures
    Anatomist
  7. uppermost or above
    Superior
  8. lowermost or below
    inferior
  9. towards the front
    anterior
  10. can also be used for anterior
    ventral
  11. toward the back
    posterior
  12. can also be used for posterior
    dorsal
  13. means belly side
    ventral
  14. means the back side
    dorsal
  15. synonymous with superior
    cephalad
  16. toward the head
    cephalad or cranial
  17. ocassionally Caudal is synonymous with...
    inferior
  18. specifically means toward the tail.
    Caudal
  19. means nearest the midline of the body
    medial
  20. means toward the side, or away from the midline of the body
    lateral
  21. nearest the point of attachment or origin
    proximal
  22. away fron the point of attachment or origin
    distal
  23. vertically divides the body through the midline into two equal left and right portions. (halves)
    Midsagittal
  24. a vertical lane dividing teh bodyinto unequal left and right portions.
    sagittal
  25. divides the body into superior and inferior portions
    transverse (horizontal)
  26. plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
    Frontal or Coronal
  27. longitudinal section
    a cut through the long axis of an organ is called a ...
  28. transverse or cross section
    a cut at a right angles of the long axis of an organ...
  29. two major cavities
    Dorsal and ventral
  30. organs of any cavity are referred to as ...
    Viscera
  31. dorsal cavity is divided into...
    the cranial cavity and the spinal cavity

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