Pathology Chapter 5
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- -Vertebra becomes anteriorly displaced.
- -Common location is between the fifth lumbar and the first sacral vertebrae.
Patellofemoral Syndrome(Chrondromalacia Patellae, Runner's Knee)
- -Softening and degeneration of the articular cartilage, most frequently on the posterior patella.
- Crepitus: clicking, cracking, or grating sounds heard with the joint movement.
Ganglion Cyst (Ganglion)
-Benign mass consisting of a thin, fibrous capsule enclosing a clear, gelatinous fluid.
Baker Cyst (Popliteal Cyst)
-Accumulation of synovial fluid behind the knee.
- -Inflammation of the bursae.
- -More than 150 bursae.
- -Found adjacent to large joints such as the shoulders, elbows, hips, and knees.
- Acute: sudden onset.
- Chronic: longstanding bursitis that may lead to changes in the tissues.
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (Temporomandibular Joint Disorders)
-Temporomandibular joint (TMI)
Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Joint Disease, Digenerative Arthritis)
- -Most common; osteoarthritis (OA).
- -Wear and tear arthritis.
- Sclerotic: dense and hard
- Crepitation: clicking, crackling, or grating sound.
Spondylosis (Spinal Osteoarthritis)
- -Any degenerative changes in the spine.
- -May also result in abnormal growths, called bone spurs (osteophytes).
- -Chronic, inflammatory, and systemic type of arthritis.
- -The first tissues to be affected are synovial membranes.
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
-Juvenile rheumationd arthritis (JRA) is generalized term used to describe any joint inflammation of at least 6 weeks in a child(younger than 17 years).
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