Pathology Chapter 5

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Pathology Chapter 5
2012-02-09 17:48:07

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  1. Spondylolisthesis(Degenerative Spondylolisthesis)
    • -Vertebra becomes anteriorly displaced.
    • -Common location is between the fifth lumbar and the first sacral vertebrae.
  2. Patellofemoral Syndrome(Chrondromalacia Patellae, Runner's Knee)
    • -Softening and degeneration of the articular cartilage, most frequently on the posterior patella.
    • Crepitus: clicking, cracking, or grating sounds heard with the joint movement.
  3. Ganglion Cyst (Ganglion)
    -Benign mass consisting of a thin, fibrous capsule enclosing a clear, gelatinous fluid.
  4. Baker Cyst (Popliteal Cyst)
    -Accumulation of synovial fluid behind the knee.
  5. Bursitis
    • -Inflammation of the bursae.
    • -More than 150 bursae.
    • -Found adjacent to large joints such as the shoulders, elbows, hips, and knees.
    • Acute: sudden onset.
    • Chronic: longstanding bursitis that may lead to changes in the tissues.
  6. Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (Temporomandibular Joint Disorders)
    -Temporomandibular joint (TMI)
  7. Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Joint Disease, Digenerative Arthritis)
    • -Most common; osteoarthritis (OA).
    • -Wear and tear arthritis.
    • Sclerotic: dense and hard
    • Crepitation: clicking, crackling, or grating sound.
  8. Spondylosis (Spinal Osteoarthritis)
    • -Any degenerative changes in the spine.
    • -May also result in abnormal growths, called bone spurs (osteophytes).
  9. Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • -Chronic, inflammatory, and systemic type of arthritis.
    • -The first tissues to be affected are synovial membranes.
  10. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
    -Juvenile rheumationd arthritis (JRA) is generalized term used to describe any joint inflammation of at least 6 weeks in a child(younger than 17 years).