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Intro to Psychology
What does psychology mean?
Logos=Study of a subject
Meaning.. The study of the Mind.
The founder of psychology
1st 2 major schools of psychology
The task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related.
Such as sensasion, images, senses
was based on the belief that psychology should investigate function or purpose of consciousness rather than its structure.
A theoretic orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology should only study observable behavior
John B. Watson
Proposed that the study of counciousness should be replaced byt the study of behavior.
any overt (observable) response or activity by an organism.
B. F. Skinner
famous behaviorist, became one of the most influential of all American psychologists.
Organisms tend to repeat responses that lead to positive outcomes, they tend not to repeat responses that lead to neutral or negative outcomes.
a theoretic orientation that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans --- especially their freedom and their potential for personal growth.
Giving the best we CAN!!
Animal dont have nothing to do w/ humans
a branch of psychology concerned with everyday, practical problems
a branch of psychology concerned with diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders.
work w/ mental illness
prostomedic stress disorder
The premise that knowledge should be acquired though observation
Needs data, document, prove
a system of interrelated ideas used to explain a set of abservations.
regers to the widelyshared customs, beliefs, values, norms, institutions and other products of a community that are transmitted socially across generations
important to know whats normal to them
a tentative statement about the relationship between 2 or more variables.
any measurable conditions, events, characteristics, or behaviors that are controlled or observed in a study.
Imperical get your anser from direct observation.... Smell , touch
Describes the actions or operations that will be used to measure or control a variable.
a research method in which the investigator manipulates a variable under carefully controlled conditions and observes whether any changes occour in a second variable as a result
It allows researchers to detect cause and effect relationsships.
a condition or event that an experimenter varies or manipulates in order to see its impact on another variable.
the variable that is thought to be affected by manipulation of the independent variable. GETS CHANGED
if the independent variable is manipulated than dependent CHANGES
when all subjects have an equal chance of being assinged to any group or condition of the study
these methods permit investigators to see only whether there is a link or association between the variables of interest --- Not Cause And Effect!
2 variables to see if thers any realeated to each other
a researcher engages in careful observation of beavior without intervening directly wit the sbjects.
Dont want them to know that they are being observed
researchers us questionnaires or interviews to gather information about specific aspects of participants behavior.
are individual cells in the nervous system that receive, integrate and transmit information.
or cellbody --- contains the cell nucleus and much of the chemical machinery common to most cells.
parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive information
small knobs that secrete chemicls which are called neurotransmitters.
a junction where information is trasmitted from one neuron to another
a process in which neurotransmitters are sponged up from synaptic cleft by the presynaptic neuron
refers to the entire family of internally produced chemicals that resembles opiates in structure and effects.
part of the forebrain that is involved in the regulation of basic biological needs --- the 4 Fs
Is the seat of complex thought.
It is the largest and most complex part of the brain.
It is responsable for learning, remembering, thinking, and consciousness
4 Lobes of the brain
Visual signals are sent and visual processing
Registers sense of touch
Devoted to auditory processing
Controls the movement of muscles
includes an awareness of external events, internal sensations and self.
there is selective awareness
24 hrs cycles found in humans and other species--they are regulated by several internal clocks
Rapid Eye Movement
5TH stage of sleep
rapid EEG, dreaming, REM, and profound muscle relaxation go with REM stage of sleep
Most common sleep disorder
Freud & Dreams
Freud believed dreams provided wish fulfillment
Common effects of hypnosis
Reduction of inhibitions
Some resistance to pain
Alcohol contributes to about how much of students rapes on college campuses
How can Lethal overdose occur?
It can occur with
Effects of Alcohol
Effects your cerebellum and breathing