Medical Terms- Ch 1

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Author:
sarahbailey
ID:
134190
Filename:
Medical Terms- Ch 1
Updated:
2012-02-09 22:40:15
Tags:
Medical prefix suffixes etc
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Medical Terms ch 1
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  1. word root
    Reveals the central meaning of the word and frequently describes a body part.
  2. suffixes
    Always come at the end of word.
  3. prefix
    Always come at the beginning of the word and will frequently suggest ifnormation about the # of parts, location of the organ, direction, time, or frequency.
  4. combining form
    • -word root and one or more vowels.
    • -can be used between roots
    • -can be used between root and suffix.
  5. singular ending
    • -a, -ax, -is, -ix, -ex, -um, -us, -y
    • Ex: vertebra, thorax, diagnosis, appendix, diverticulum, bronchus, ovary.
  6. plural ending
    • -ae, -aces, -es, -ices, -a, -ies.
    • Ex: certebrae, thoraces, diagnoses, appendices, diverticula, bronchi, ovaries.
  7. anthr/o
    joint
  8. bronch/o
    bronchus
  9. cardi/o
    heart
  10. derm/o, dermat/o
    skin
  11. gastr/o
    stomach
  12. ger/o, geront/o
    aged
  13. hem/o, hemat/o
    blood
  14. hep/o, hepat/o
    liver
  15. neur/o
    a nerve cell, the nervous system
  16. oste/o
    path/o
  17. psych/o
    mind
  18. -ac, -al, -ar, -ia, -ic, -ory
    pertaining to
  19. -algia
    pain
  20. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  21. -cyte
    cell
  22. -ectomy
    surgical excise, remove
  23. -graph
    to write or record
  24. -ist
    one who specializes, agent
  25. -itis
    inflammation
  26. -logy
    study of, specialty of
  27. -megaly
    enlargement
  28. -oma
    tumor
  29. -path/y
    disease
  30. -scope
    an instrument used to view
  31. a-, an-
    no, not, without
  32. anti, contra
    against
  33. brady-
    slow
  34. cyan-
    bluish
  35. dys-
    painful, difficult
  36. en-, endo-, intra-
    within, inner
  37. epi-
    above, upon
  38. ex-, exo-
    out, away from
  39. hyper-, supra-
    excessive, above
  40. inter-
    between
  41. post-
    after
  42. pre-
    before, in front of
  43. tachy-
    fast, rapid

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